"Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/1-john-3.html. The various legends, about Cain being the child of the serpent by Eve, and the characters of Cain and Abel, see in Lücke, edn. of Because his own works were evil, and his brother’s righteous.” It was envy that first moved him to the unparalleled iniquity. Cain was religious but lost. Cain represents the family of Satan and Abel represents the family of God. The first notice is, “He was wroth.” It is then added, “His countenance fell.” So “he rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.” What an instructive history! αὐτοῦ, ἐκ τοῦ πονηροῦ ὤν. BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on 1 John 3:12". 1 John 3:15. May God draw our hearts toward Him and His love. A reference to the example of Cain. And why did he kill him? The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist. ; or a relative ὅς before ἐκ τ. πον. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. The third chapter of 1 John focuses mostly on the concept of love. 1887. And why slew he him? Acerbissima sunt odia (ut ita nominem) Theologica, saith one. 1874-1909. "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges".

Not as Cain - Not manifesting the spirit which Cain did. Used by Permission. The καί emphasizes the question. for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/1-john-3.html. BibliographyEdwards, Justin. Just as Satan entered the heart of Judas at the institution of the Lord’s Supper to betray Jesus, so Satan enters our heart when we hate Christians. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". by Grant Richison | Jun 6, 2001 | 1 John | 2 comments, “…not as Cain who was of the wicked one and murdered his brother. It is an important point to remember why God rejected Cain's offering. Surely this does not mean, Blow out their brains, or, Cut their throats. εσφαξε cut his throat. The construction is just as in John 6:58, and in the passage of Demosth. O, how much of the spirit, temper, and letter of the Gospel have the nations of the world, and particularly the nations of Europe, to learn! A primary verb; to butcher or to slaughter, or, to maim.

Compare 1 John 3:8, "of the devil," in contrast to "of God," 1 John 3:10. The story of Cain is recorded in Genesis 4:1ff, where Cain's wickedness (which long preceded the murder of Abel) at last issued in his offering being rejected by God. - What could induce a brother to imbrue his hands in a brother's blood? (Hebrew), Cain, son of Adam and Eve and brother of Abel. Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. His “mind is enmity against God.” Thus the grace of God is exalted.
"Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". Grant's Verse-by-Verse Logos Bible Software.

Roberts was of the opinion that John's choice of Cain as his example of evil could very possibly have been due to the fact that the odious heresy of the Cainites (which flourished a little later) might already have made its appearance at the time he wrote.[31]. In the ensuing hatred of Abel, Cain killed his brother. 1870. Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous. The same spirit has appeared in all ages, in all places, and under all circumstances. in Gen. iv.

BibliographyTrapp, John. Enmity from the first existed between the seed the woman and that of the serpent. As Cain came out of the family of Satan, so he demonstrates that relationship by his act of rejecting God’s system of payment for sin – a blood sacrifice. This is a reason for including from 1 John 2:29 to 1 John 3:12 in one section, treating of the righteousness of the children of God. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue.

Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular. We may be borne away by them as by a resistless torrent. That wicked one; the devil, the father of all murderers. John also explains how sin, including hate, is never the result of a proper relationship with God. And Cain and Abel are types of the world and the brethren through 12-16. Potior. And slew his brother] Gr. Cain was the archtype of the world's eternal opposition to truth and righteousness. because his (own) works were wicked, and those of his brother righteous (it has caused some difficulty, that no mention of this ethical difference is made in the narrative in Genesis. It was not for any offense of Abel's against his brother, but simply and only because, "Cain's works were evil, and his brother's righteous." And why did he slay him? And why did he put him to death? In later Greek it means simply to slay, especially with violence. E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. 1 John 3:12 not as Cain who was of the wicked one and murdered his brother. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. But who was Cain?

BibliographyMeyer, Heinrich. by a definitely formulated sentence (so also Braune). καὶ τίς ἐστιν, κύριε; (John 9:36): καί τίς ἐστί μου πλησίον; (Luke 10:29): καὶ τίς δύναται σωθῆναι; (Luke 18:26). Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Its original meaning was ‘to cut the throat’ (σφαγή), especially of a victim for sacrifice. Stott has a remarkably clear word on this: Stott's deductions in this are so obviously true that one may only wonder about those who consciously try to make allowances for Cain.

Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. The accusative case of charis (App-184.) https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-john-3.html. Surely, then, they who know the history of the world and the Church should not marvel. 1 John 3:12 12 Do not be like Cain, who belonged to the evil one and murdered his brother. In this verse St. John assigns a second reason why Christians should love each other, namely, that otherwise they will be like Cain, and children of the devil. fol. BibliographyWesley, John. καὶ ἔσφαξεν τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῖ] This murder of his brother is the evidence that Cain was ἐκ τοῦ πονηροῦ. Surely this does not mean, Blow out their brains, or, Cut their throats. Because his own actions were evil and his brother's were righteous." 42. From dike; equitable; by implication, innocent, holy. Satan entered Ananias, with Sapphira, his wife, two Christians, to lie and cheat (Ac 5:3). sphazo. The word σφάζω properly means to kill by cutting the throat. See Genesis 4:4-8.Who was of that wicked one - Of the devil; that is, he was under his influence, and acted from his instigation.And wherefore slew he him? He acted under the influence of envy. At the same time the believer is thus subjected to a wholesome influence. Because his works were evil and his brother's works were good. Others make us feel small, so we seek to cut them down a notch or two. But the Apostle testifies that this righteousness alone is approved by God, that is, if we love one another; and further, that the devil reigns where hatred, dissimulation, envy, and enmity prevail.