In English, if you want to indicate that you finished doing something a minute ago, you usually use the adverb 'just.' Decide how would you translate each of them into English, either as 'someone just did something' or as 'someone finished doing something.' Revise and improve your Spanish with detailed content, … Kwiziq Spanish is a product of and © Kwiziq Ltd 2020, Using poder in El pretérito Perfecto and El Pretérito Indefinido for "could" in past actions, Using Cuánto + verb in exclamations about quantities, Forming El Presente Progresivo with estar + gerund (present progressive), Forming El Imperfecto Progresivo with estar + gerund (imperfect progressive), Acabar de + [infinitive] = to have just done / just did something. English Grammar - 5 Ways to Use Infinitives - Duration: 6:01. In Spanish, if you want to convey the idea that someone just did something, you use the construction acabar de + infinitive. Acabas de invitar a muchas muchachas. Acabo de tomaruna siesta. 0000044600 00000 n • Here are the present-tense forms of acabar, which is a regular -ar verb. María de comer. We can use the same verbs in a different way and the meaning does not change: Be careful not to mix them up by using infinitive instead of gerund, or the other way round. I just took a nap. You have just eaten. 0000003455 00000 n 0000001700 00000 n We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 's' : ''}}. Services. The only problem with it is that it does not suggest that the action just happened, like the sentence 'Acabo de comer.' The phrase must always be combined with a verb in the infinitive form, while the verb acabar itself should be … Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. ¡Acaban de llegar! %%EOF Revise and improve your Spanish with detailed content, examples, audio, personalised practice tests and … To do something again (vuelvo, vuelves, vuelve, volvemos, volvéis, vuelven) 19. Laura ended up obeying her father despite the argument. So, although you might be tempted to translate the sentence as 'Justo comí' that doesn't really work. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. 0000004247 00000 n This sentence is grammatically correct. 0000016103 00000 n We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your In Spanish we use this verbal structure to express "To have just done [something]". Saber vs Conocer / Pedir vs Preguntar, 78. Start your Braimap today », Notice how in these examples above there is. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Please send comments or report errors by clicking here. In English, if you want to indicate that something happened a minute or two ago, you usually use the adverb 'just.' <<1593e74c4935e94ea56115b47c73862d>]>> What does acabar de + infinitive mean when acabar is conjugated in the present tense? 20. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. You just arrived! 0000059872 00000 n 0000029484 00000 n Log in here for access. Juanita finished watching the program. A. If the sentence in the preterite were translated into English, it would simply be 'I finished eating' without any reference as to how recently. 0000007452 00000 n These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. A simple explanation of "Acabar de + [infinitive] = to have just done / just did something". I just tooka nap. 0000014886 00000 n You can test out of the Decide which form of the verb acabar (present or preterite) you need to accurately translate them into Spanish. 0000036020 00000 n The phrase must always be combined with a verb in the infinitive form, while the verb acabar itself should be conjugated accordingly. You just started another Spanish lesson!' volver, leer. 0000004911 00000 n 0000025311 00000 n You finished doing the homework, didn't you? 0000040395 00000 n 51. 5. 0000009474 00000 n 3. imaginable degree, area of This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. 0000042124 00000 n In Spanish we can express "To end up doing [something]" in 4 different ways: Have a look and listen to the following examples: Notice how preposition "por" always follows "acabar/terminar" in the examples above. Juan sabe nadar. Acabar de This common Spanish expression combines the verb acabar (to finish) and the preposition de (of) to express the idea of having just done something in the very recent past. 0000001456 00000 n Acabamos de patinar. K�"o�������\wSY��H����Wz;̷'���6��jq��۟��m/�l������nG�k� ۓ)+��/ue!N>��t�f�{�Vh�1E�y�q8蛹4Β�/F)��bjéK[���_.������e?�_�w�aG��y'�$�M9wqz�j~U�+�> 0000054244 00000 n But wait! This common Spanish expression combines the verb acabar (to finish) and the preposition de (of) to express the idea of having just done something in the very recent past. A. 0000059761 00000 n Acabar de + Infinitive. (I just read Simon Bolivar's biography.) Acabé por comprar ese vestido tan caro. Visit the Spanish 101: Beginning Spanish page to learn more. succeed. Write the correct word. 0000051726 00000 n to finish doing something. All rights reserved. 0000013323 00000 n They have just read the entire novel. Christina has just spoken with my mom. In this lesson, you will learn how to express this idea in Spanish. 0000020595 00000 n All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. 0000053939 00000 n Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. 0000012978 00000 n All these structures are interchangeable. H��V�RG�����N���w/Il�]�����y4�\�%0����_��k$�Y9Y����}�=��4�uwz��z�I *U`+��d�>+b턉�� Acabo de llegar. If you use the preterite tense, it changes the meaning of the phrase: acabar (in the preterite tense) + de + infinitive = to finish doing something. We just went skating. 0000001991 00000 n Let's go back and take another look at the sentence with the verb in the preterite, 'Acabé de comer.' Generally with this construction we use either El Presente or El Pretérito Imperfecto as you can see in the examples above. 0000014511 00000 n Acabar de + infinitive is used to describe something that just happened in the recent past. 164 lessons (What medications do I have to take?) Let's take a closer look at the construction to find out why 'Acabo de comer' is correct. 0000007080 00000 n flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | A Juan le gusta el libro. Subjunctive VII: Impersonal Expressions, 84. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Yo de comer. Carlos ended up crying because of stress at work. Okay, now you'll be seeing some sentences in English. Anyone can earn gaps and mistakes. Subjunctive III: Verbs that change orthographically, 83. No se vayan tan pronto. Acabar de + infinitive. 0000006439 00000 n ", Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Discuss something you just did or something that just happened using the Spanish verb, Remember the formula used to express the idea that someone just did something, Recognize the problem with using the grammatically correct. Take note: you can always attach an object pronoun to the infinitive verb, to refer to a direct or indirect object. Bueno, ¡acabas de aprender a usar 'acabar de + infinitivo!'. 0000048340 00000 n has thousands of articles about every Kwiziq Spanish is a product of and © Kwiziq Ltd 2020, Using Cuánto + verb in exclamations about quantities, Por culpa de/gracias a = because of/thanks to, Using querría, quería and quisiera to politely say "I would like", Using había to say there was / there were. to have just done something. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} 0000039982 00000 n 0000022374 00000 n You must be logged into an account to access this area. Español 1 3.1 acabar de infinitive Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free.