It is possible to increase the average life p of an individual to 100-150 years. Another disadvantage is that it contradicts some religions who believe that man has no right to manipulate the course of nature. Advantages and Disadvantages of Genetic Engineering . When it comes to genetic engineering with crops, there are quite a few different benefits to look at. On the other hand, only rich people can afford genetic engineering. Disease could be prevented by detecting people/plants/animals that are genetically prone to certain hereditary diseases, and preparing for the inevitable. It may even be possible to choose the talent in your favorite idol to be manufactured (pun intended! ) The advantages and disadvantages of genetic engineering show that the results can be generally positive, but there must be controls in place to manage the negative when it occurs. That’s why we must start examining the advantages and disadvantages of human genetic engineering today. However, selective breeding brought many useless variations along with the useful variations. There are cases like cardiomyopathy or susceptibility to viruses, that can be overcome with the help of this technology. Genetic engineering borderlines on many moral issues, particularly involving religion, which questions whether man has the right to manipulate the laws and course of nature. With the discovery of 'Deoxyribonucleic Acid' or mitochondrial DNA by James Watson and Francis Crick, this fictional plot started to turn into a reality. Nothing is bad if exploited within limits. 1. * Animals and plants can be 'tailor made' to show desirable characteristics. Retrieved from https://phdessay.com/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-genetic-engineering-170098/. People will no longer be discriminated on the basis of race, religion or creed, but actually on their genes! You can get your Another advantage of genetic engineering is that animals and plants can be made to have desirable characteristics which could help solve some of the world's problems. Genetic Engineering Advantages ; Disadvantages During the latter stage stages of the 20th century, man harnessed the power of the atom, and not long after, soon realised the power of genes. Some ecologists warn about the disaster consequences to the Earth. People supporting it use argue that for instance farmers could have crops more resistant to insects and diseases, and many genetically modified crops can grow faster. The bacteria can continue to live a healthy life, though genetic engineering and human intervention has actively manipulated what the bacteria actually is. Genetic engineering can be applied to not only humans but the food we eat, as well. Increase The Average Life Span This gene is removed and can be placed into another organism. To achieve these alterations, techniques such as molecular transformation and molecular cloning are used. The foundation for modern genetics was discovered in 1865 by Gregor Mendel’s pea experiment. Genetic Engineering could increase genetic diversity, and produce more variant alleles which could also be crossed over and implanted into other species. For example, it can be placed into a bacteria, where it is sealed into the DNA chain using ligase. Produce Foods with Higher Nutritional Value. It’s a rather complex topic that could potentially create more problems. Genetic engineering involves the deliberate modification of an organism's characteristics. But as every coin has two sides, there are many disadvantages that cannot be overlooked. This long evolving period can be shortened with genetic engineering. At present since the genetic engineering uses the viral vector to carry functional gene into the human body, consequences of these viral genes on human body is still not known. This means that the pace of the natural processes and the ever-growing population is unmatched. When seen from an ethical and religious point of view, it makes one wonder if it is the right thing to do in the first place or not. Women have a craze to look young and maintain their beauty for all eternity. What are the advantages and disadvantages of genetic engineering? It raises questions such as what will happen when these “designer babies” are brought to countries such as China and India, where a son is more preferred by many.