c. 100,000 BC Humans migrate from Africa to other parts of the world, C. 3,118 BC King Menes unites the kingdoms of Upper and Lower in Egypt, C. 2,600 BC The first pyramid is built in Egypt, C. 2,000 BC Bantu speaking people begin to migrate southwards, C. 1,700 BC The kingdom of Kush arises south of Egypt, C. 650 BC Iron working spreads in North Africa, C. 480 BC The city of Carthage is founded in Tunisia, 202 BC The Romans defeat Carthage at the battle of Zama in North Africa, 30 BC Egypt becomes a province of the Roman Empire, C. 50 AD The kingdom of Axum arises in what is now Ethiopia, C. 350 AD Bantu speaking people arrive in Zambia, C. 500 AD Iron working reaches southern Africa, C. 650 AD Muslims travel across the Sahara on camels to trade, C. 800 AD Trading towns are formed on the east coast of Africa, C. 1100 AD The kingdom of Ife in Nigeria becomes important, C. 1300 AD The kingdom of Benin in Nigeria becomes important, 1324 Mansa Musa ruler of Mali makes a pilgrimage to Mecca and shows off his great wealth, C. 1350 AD The kingdom of Songhai arises in west Africa. Some describe our different histories while others show the joys and challenges that are shared by children of all colors as they learn and grow. The town is one of the oldest urbanised centres known. Please note: Text within images is not translated, some features may not work properly after translation, and the translation may not accurately convey the intended meaning. 1508 The Portuguese begin to settle in Mozambique, 1518 Onward African slaves are transported across the Atlantic by Europeans, 1564 The Songhai Empire in west Africa destroys the Empire of Mali, 1575 The Portuguese begin to settle in Angola, 1581 The Moroccans begin to expand across the Sahara, 1591 The Moroccans destroy the Empire of Songhai, 1652 The Dutch found a colony in South Africa, 1700 The rise of the Ashanti kingdom in West Africa, 1787 The British found a colony for freed slaves in Sierra Leone, 1795-1797 Mungo Park explores the River Niger, 1806 The Dutch colony in South Africa becomes a British colony, Sierra Leone and Gambia become British crown colonies, 1822 The USA founds a colony for freed slaves in Liberia, 1828 Shaka king of the Zulus is assassinated, 1830 The French invade Algeria. The returning soldiers are trained in combat and are confident in their abilities to gain independence. After translating an article, all tools except font up/font down will be disabled. By 500 BC, iron-smelting had become common to the Nok and they produced art in the form of lifelike animal and human figures. The Luba culture was held in high esteem by surrounding smaller kingdoms and in return for tribute, these rulers would be allowed to take Luba ancestors as their own. Moulay al-Rashid, founds Alaouite Dynasty and is succeeded by his brother, Ismail ibn Sharif (1672–1727). The African Methodist Episcopal Church is formally organized. 550 - The Nok peoples begin to forge iron tools and weapons. C. 2,600 BC The first pyramid is built in Egypt. This was noted as one of the first proxy wars in the region, with Portugal and the Ottoman Empire took sides in the conflict. Take a minute to check out all the enhancements! 1100 - The city of Great Zimbabwe is founded in Central Africa. Abolitionists, white and Black, fought to end slavery in the country. Britannica does not review the converted text. C. 2,600 BC The first pyramid is built in Egypt. The American Civil War caused great damage to the United States and its people, but it also brought great hope to the lives of formerly enslaved people. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., pastor of the Abyssinian Baptist Church in Harlem, is elected to the U.S. House of Representatives as a Democrat from Harlem (New York). Little known facts of black history. Dr. Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” Speech The Rozwi Empire on the Zimbabwean Plateau is conquered by invading Nguni from Natal and falls into ruins. In Springfield, Illinois, a major race riot occurs; the black community is assaulted by several thousand white citizens, and two elderly blacks are lynched. A TIMELINE OF THE HISTORY OF AFRICA. Slavery Timeline Timeline Description: The history of slavery in America is full of shame and regret. It will rule until the 1900s when it is colonized by Portugal. The Wadai Kingdom is founded by the Tunjur people, east of Bornu. The region became an influential power and trading entity in the Mediterranean. SUBSCRIBE! Tax collection from farms proved lucrative for the Berber overlords – soldiers who had served in the Fatimid conquest – and to the caliphs of the time. A police officer kneels on Floyd’s neck for several minutes as Floyd calls for help, indicating that he cannot breathe. Morocco is split into two sultanates, Fes and Marrakesh, following the death of Ahmad al-Mansur. As a result São Tomé and PrÁncipe, Cape Verde,  Angola, and Mozambique, all became independent. Mali, Senegal, Madagascar, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Niger, Chad, Central African Republic, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Benin, Gabon, Mauritania and Togo all gained independence in this year. It is estimated that between 3 and 6 million people perished in that war. With the trade of wild animals and incense to the Ming Empire in China, Somali merchants were the leading merchants operating between Africa and Asia. Some of the people listed below are associated with the Jazz Age and the Harlem Renaissance. Ta-Seti (Nubian civilization), one of the first sacral kingdoms in the Nile is invaded by Egypt and destroyed during the First Dynasty. Several lengthy colonial wars in Mozambique and Angola led to dissatisfaction in Portugal and a military coup. Ethiopia seeks diplomatic contact with European kingdoms in almost 500 years. Improved homework resources designed to support a variety of curriculum subjects and standards. Their military dictatorship controlled Egypt for 250 years. BCE. The Sakalava Kingdom is established on the west coast of Madagascar. Black History Timeline Timeline Description: An important part of American history is black … Approximately 250 000 Arab Egyptian nomads settle in Maghreb, spreading the Arab languages and contributing to the decline of the Berber language. With much political influence on the Mediterranean & Libya, the nation also gains control of Palestine and Nubia. Agriculture develops in the Middle East with focus on barley and wheat. Arab Muslims have by this time conquered the entire North African region and Islam becomes the dominant religion in the region by the 10th century. By Tim Lambert. Conical tower by Marius Loots Image Source. Black Panther Party cofounder Bobby Seale is tried for conspiracy to incite rioting at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago the previous year. 1619 The first African American indentured servants arrive in the American colonies. Maghreb sees the establishment of mathematics and literacy, as well as the development of algebra. C. 5,000 BC Farming begins in Egypt. Favorite Books for Black History Month After heavy casualties, the war ended in Britain’s favour, and led to the establishment of the colonial entity the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan Administration. By undermining trade, the Portuguese successfully destroyed the mwanamutapa system of government and the region was in serious decline by 1667. Dan Fodio founded the Sokoto Caliphate which lasted until 1903 when northern Nigeria was conquered by the British. The region later became a centre for cotton-cloth and iron manufacture. A series of three wars (also known as the Punic Wars) between Carthage and the Roman Republic sees Carthage destroyed. Fatimid Rulers seize Egypt and the Egyptian city Al-Qahirah (present day Cairo), is founded. The New Kingdom begins in Egypt, bringing an end to the Second Intermediate Period and ushering in one of the nation’s most powerful pre-modern phases. Mansa Musa ruler of the empire of Mali cements the University of Sankore as an institution of learning. The first stone pyramid in Egypt is built by an architect, Imhotep. In 2013, they begin a series of attacks on schools as they kidnap hundreds of school girls, with the intent of raping and selling them. At the same time, however, after World War I there was an explosion of African American contributions to the arts.