Already registered? There are no clear indications pointing to inner unrest, although it must be remembered that the first 20 years of Shulgi’s reign are still hidden in darkness. Log in here for access. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. The Gutians, on the other hand, played only a temporary role, even if the memory of a Gutian dynasty persisted until the end of the 17th century bce. While Gudea forges a link, in his literary style, with his country’s pre-Sargonic period, his work also bears the unmistakable stamp of the period of Akkad. At its greatest extent, the empire reached as far as Anatolia in the north, inner Iran in the east, Arabia in the south, and the Mediterranean in the west. After years of being controlled by Babylonia, a warlike people called the Assyrians took control of the northern area of Mesopotamia. Their great days came in the Old Babylonian period. This argument, however, may be a vicious circle, as these invasions were provoked and facilitated by the very weakness of Akkad. What was the greatest legacy of the Assyrian Empire? While the kings ruled and the soldiers waged wars, a class system among all other people developed. Utu-hegal of Uruk is given credit for having overthrown Gutian rule by vanquishing their king Tiriqan along with two generals. Food Supply, Art, Writing, Technology, Religion, Social Structure, and Government Officials are all apart of Akkadian lives. The farmers worked in the countryside growing wheat and barley or raising goats and pigs. It has long been recognized that there is no question of a whole century of undivided Gutian rule and that some 50 years of this rule coincided with the final half century of Akkad. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. I know you are busy with basketball. Sargon of Akkad created the first empire through conquest. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. The commander-in-chief of the military was officially called a tartan, and there were two in the Assyrian Empire. Assyrian Social Structure. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. What is meant by “private” sector is a population group with land of its own and with revenues not directly granted by a temple or a “palace,” such as by the king’s or an ensi’s household. Biology Lesson Plans: Physiology, Mitosis, Metric System Video Lessons, Lesson Plan Design Courses and Classes Overview, Online Typing Class, Lesson and Course Overviews, Airport Ramp Agent: Salary, Duties and Requirements, Personality Disorder Crime Force: Academy Sneak Peek. For centuries, the emperors conquered land and expanded Assyrian power until their control reached from the Zagros Mountains in the East to Egypt in the West. The nobles, who were business owners and merchants, were also part of the upper class. All these activities were overseen by a finely honed bureaucracy that stressed the use of official channels, efficient administration, and precise accounting. The so-called Old Akkadian manner of writing is extraordinarily appealing from the aesthetic point of view; as late as the Old Babylonian era it served as a model for monumental inscriptions. Their titles reflected which region of the empire they served. Each of these provinces was obliged to pay a yearly tribute, the amount of which was negotiated by emissaries. The empire was connected by a network of roads, known as the King's Road, which aided in the speed of messengers and the army. The king and his high ranking officials had scribes who acted as their scholars and advisers and were responsible for all correspondence and for documenting all work. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. The upper class included government officials, scribes, and priests, and the king was considered a high priest, so the lesser priests acted as his trusted advisers. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 The king was atop the social ladder, followed by his government officials, scribes, and priests. No names of localities in the interior of Anatolia have been found, but there was much coming and going of messengers between Mesopotamia and Iran, far beyond Elam. The carpenters built homes, large buildings, temples, and canals. courses that prepare you to earn Under the influence, perhaps, of an Akkadian garrison at Susa, it spread beyond the borders of Mesopotamia. In all, nearly 120 civil servants helped the king control the massive empire. 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