Bassai Dai = "Break a fortress" Large version Bassai Sho = "Break a fortress" Small version * Master Ankoh Itosu used the word "Dai" (large) to indicate that it is the original kata and the word "Sho" (small) to indicate that it … This unique occurrence again is placed back to Matsumura. Bassai-dai was purposely chosen as the fourth kata of GKR, appropriately following Saifa. The kata shows up in many styles of karate and has many versions. Learning new kata for 'kata sake' (pun for non-Japanese readers intended) has no meaning. Gekisai Dai Ni 撃砕第二 (Introduction To Destroy Number 2) This Kata was created at the same time as Gekasai Dai Ichi. Perfect Learning Karate Kata For Athletes: Bassai dai: To the best of my knowledge, this is the first book to focus only on karate “kata” illustrated with plenty of pictures. It is sometimes known in other forms of karate as "Passai", and according to Sensei Kanazawa, the two different forms of the kata were created by Sensei Itosu. Bunkai, literally meaning “analysis” or “disassembly”, is a term used in Japanese martial arts referring to the application of fighting techniques extracted from the moves of a “form” (kata). Bassai dai is one of the variations of the Passai Kata that is practiced in Shotokan Karate, normally starting at 3rd Kyu. 太極初段. There seems to be no evidence of either of his masters teaching the kata. Kyan Chōtoku’s Passai, practiced in Seibukan, was handed down from Oyadomari Kōkan. The kata begins with a set of powerful blocks, switching to equally powerful attacks. Performing ren uke from a strong stance allows a person to turn their opponent around, exposes their sides. The following four advanced kata are called Sentei (meaning compulsory) as most students are required to know these kata for their brown and black belt exams. The kata focus on the idea of changing disadvantage into advantage by strong and courageous response, switching blocks and differing degrees of power. You will see this with professional Rugby players. Dai means greater while Sho means lesser or minor. It is a good test of the student’s ability to make maximum use of hip rotation. The kata begins with a set of powerful blocks, switching to equally powerful attacks. Considering its original teacher was chief of the King’s team of bodyguards, it was used as a training kata for bodyguards that taught how to penetrate and wreak havoc among a crowd posing a potential threat to the king. Bassai Dai: to extract and block Since becoming a 1st kyu student I have started to learn the first of the black belt katas – Bassai Dai. Bassai (pronounced Patsai in Okinawan) is most often translated as "Penetrate the Fortress," meaning that one must exhibit the power and spirit required to break through an enemy's castle. Kanku Dai 観空大. Korean Archer Representing a Silla Hwarang. The Okinawans did not have a clear definition for the name "Passai" for Funakoshi to translate into Japanese, so he substituted it with a similar sounding kanji, "Bassai". Stances. Bassai dai is one of the variations of the Passai Kata that is practiced in Shotokan Karate, normally starting at 3rd Kyu. So it was years later when Gichen Funakoshi (founder of Shotokan) took the kata to mainland Japan. My love story with this kata is that as a 10 year old beginner in 1983, I saw Sensei David Smith perform this kata as a demo after a test and it was the first time I was struck by the power of kata as a performance. bassai dai The name Bassai Dai means “to storm a castle, greater”. The meaning of Kata in Japanese is Shape and Form. The following is a list of all 26 katas, number of moves, meaning and a demonstration video. The Dai kata are the "large" kata, hence the character for "big" being tagged onto the name. : Abe, Yasushi: 9781467971928: Books - … The Dai version of the kata contains many movements incorporated into the Heian Series. The ‘Sai’ in Bas’Sai’ is the same character in ‘Sai’fa (meaning destroy or breach). At some point, about half way through, the kata begins to slow and the focus changes to techniques that are more about controlling the situation, and restoring order. Shotokan houses two Bassai Kata, Dai and Sho. Without a name to translate it to, he substituted it with a similar sounding kanji, “Bassai”. The last character, Dai, means "large." It does this by applying pressure to an area that will send signals beneath the adrenalin coating… in essence, breaching the fortress (the fortress being an adrenalin coating). Bassai dai is one of the variations of the Passai Kata that is practiced in Shotokan Karate, normally starting at 3rd Kyu. Here Dai means big (Sho meaning small). With the force of will, the kata represents the qualities needed to breach a fortress. Bassai dai is one of the variations of the Passai Kata that is practiced in Shotokan Karate, normally starting at 3rd Kyu. Shihan’s favorite kata. Dai means greater while Sho means lesser or minor. In Korean the kata has several names: Bassahee, Bal Se, Pal Che, Palsek, Bal Sae, Ba Sa Hee, and Bal Sak. The shifting of a disadvantage to an advantage. Joint locks, defences against throws and throwing techniques come to the fore. The suffix -dai means "large" and -sho "small". What is Bassai? Interestingly, Chibana Passai Dai is Tawada Passai, and Chibana Passai Sho is Itosu Passai. Bassai-dai in comparison is nearly twice as long (38 counts in all) so this alone challenges a student. This week and next week (April 4 and 11) We’re teaching Bassai Dai in Kata class. The kata involves 'attack' and 'smash' techniques to pulverise the opponent. However, the oldest versions have been passed down by Soken Matsumura, the chief bodyguard to the King of Okinawa, and thus, head of law and order in Okinawa. Bassai Dai, translated to mean ‘To Storm A Fortress’ is an extremely strong kata, and is a very popular kata for competition. Shotokan houses two Bassai Kata, Dai and Sho. Both of The Bassai Kata – Bassai Dai and Bassai Sho – there is a school of thought that says the meaning of Bassai is “To extract from a Fortress”, but the other school of thought says it means “To Penetrate a Fortress” – either Major or Minor form. The movements are said to be likened to that of a battering ram being used against solid walls, hence the name.