But the world today is very suspicion of the sustainability of this human art of urban areas and this is due to the negative effects of urbanisation like congestion, environmental degradation etc. Thus, this mystery is not so simple as the general notion of a mystery. 2 0 obj Some important researches regarding sudden decline of the civilization are Raikes’s hypothesis and the shifting away and drying up of the rivers. endobj The Growing Popularity of Online Education, ABHIMANYU : The Most Famous Sensation of Indian History, History Of Diwali |Festival Of Joy And Prosperity. Technology and Economic Life 5. This contradicts the earlier claims that climate change phenomenon such as monsoon has led to the decline of the Indus Valley civilisations. �E��tM��u���1E�Xd�l��#S�I���i���>� ��,I��wI�[�����G4�_ � ]���:)�\�T��L�Ű,5�T��^�c�M� �ˮ�%ɂ�g ��b! Decline set in around 1900 BC and after 1700 BC, little remained in Harappan civilization. Most ardent propounder of this theory was Sir Mortimer Wheeler. The decline of the Harappan cities was a negative step in the history of India. This sowed the seeds for present suspicion as the decline of the mentioned Indus valley civilization has no precise scientific evidence and it still remains a mystery. The emergence of Elam as a powerful state around 2000 BC interrupted the supply of Harappan goods to Mesopotamia and the Mesopotamian imports, including tin, to the Harappan settlements. Secondly, there was a discovery of some skeletons of men, women and children from the lower city of Mohenjo Daro, killed during the so-called last massacre. So, is this mystery of decline of the Indus valley civilization is as simple as that? But all these theories hold only for certain settlement and so not explain the cultural collapse of the entire civilization. You can find a lot of suveys and feedback on survey888.com . x��]YsǑ~g��°���j���Mye�$m?�~ 08�@ԯ�zw�H�agݕ���WG7��U�����G��g#�-�1{���G_AyX�d�_�Z������7��7?_���⤞oV�f~�ư��I`� endobj Harappan sites were mainly found in North west India, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana. This blocking led to the pondering of water and hence a lake was formed in the area where the city has once flourished. Now let’s analyze some of the more plausible theories or researches by scientists regarding the decline of the India valley civilization. This decline is supported by the fact that the Mesopotamian literature stop referring to Meluha (ancient name given to India region) since 1800 BC. Earthquakes would have raised the level of the flood plain and this plain would have blocked the flow of river into the sea. The evidences of this theory were two pronged. Thus the people migrated from the Harapan sites thus constituting to its decline. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. INTRODUCTION 1.1 The earliest historians of ancient India wrote on the basis only of Sanskrit literature. C�$Ɂ`�T�j'�kC0�P���.�d�m Ѓ. By the 19th century the two important cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro disappeared suddenly, but the Harappan culture at other sites faded out gradually and it lingered till 1500 BC. But around 5000 years ago the monsoon sifts eastward thus reducing the rainfall in the Northwestern part of the subcontinent, where the important Harappan sites are present. 4 0 obj This can be easily seen in the streets of the urban areas where the houses are built in more or less grid like pattern, which is the important and the central characteristic of the Indus Valley civilisation. ewritingservice.com will make sure to provide you the best possible essay. The break in the exports to Mesopotamia deprived the lives of craftsmen. o In later cultures various elements of the IVC are found which suggest that civilization did not disappear Until recently, it was believed that Indus Cities were destroyed by the Aryans who entered India from Iran and Afghanistan through northwestern passes such as the Bolan and the Khyber. 2 to 1 Million–7000 BCE), 53 Early Farmers in Northwest South Asia (7000–4300 BCE), 56 Later Settlements (4300–3200 BCE), 62 The Early Indus (Early Harappan) Period (3200–2600 BCE), 67 The civilisation developed at the Indus, often called as Harappan civilisation or urban culture of bronze age, is a first well developed mature urban civilisation in India. Another natural reason might be changes in patterns of rainfall. Till now as far as the researches were concerned, it makes one to feel that “Something is better than Nothing” as these evidences or theories, though not completely acceptable will guide the future scientific community in better analysing the issue and providing a universally acceptable solution to the mystery.