However, it is difficult to distinguish between the personal infinitive forms, if the word is written in the transcription. A gerund is a form of a verb which ends in –ing, and has the force of a noun and a verb. Your email address will not be published. The main difference between Infinitive and Gerund is, the infinitive often takes the base form of a verb while the gerund is a verb in its –ing form. They can be used without any special difference in meaning as; It is important to remember that the use of an infinitive or a gerund depends on the main verb. – qualifies a sentence. His custom is to clean the house in the morning. Home » Language » English Language » Grammar » Difference Between Infinitive and Gerund. Take a look: If a word ends with “ing” associated with the dependent word using the excuse, then it is not a gerund, and if it manages dependent word with the accusative case, it may be a gerund. Use the Infinitive when you do sth. Infinitive is frequently preceded by the preposition to. The main difference between Infinitive and Gerund is, the infinitive often takes the base form of a verb while the gerund is a verb in its –ing form. Consider the sentence "Please stand during the reading of this book. It is called the finite verb. Take a look at the words that stand side by side. Difference between Gerund and Infinitive. Infinitives use to before the verb so the examples above would be to eat, to play, and to listen. Use the Gerund when like is used in the sense of 'enjoy'. As both infinitive and gerund have the force of a noun and a verb, they have the same uses. Difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Flagella, Difference between Himalayan Rivers and Peninsular Rivers. Image courtesy: docstoc.com, Infinitive: In this article, we are going to explain the use and role of infinitive and gerund. Infinitives: The verbal to achieve, in both cases, is an infinitive because it's a verb preceded by to. It is not limited by person or number as a finite verb. Infinitive: To succeed is an infinitive—a verb preceded by to. Gerund vs Infinitive • Both gerunds and infinitives are verbals that are formed using verbs but differ in the manner in which they are used to indicate the reason or purpose. They always have “ing” in the ending. Knowing the difference between gerund and infinitive can save you from making costly grammar mistakes when writing. A gerund can indicate an action or a state of being and any action verb can be made into a gerund. It is, therefore, not limited by a person and number as a verb that has a subject. Many English learners find it difficult to choose between the use of infinitive and gerund. However, there are some instances where infinitive and gerund give two completely different meanings in a sentence. Gerund: Succeeding is a noun here; indeed, it is … Gerunds can be used as the object of a preposition. Verbs in the infinitive form of the third person singular and plural are pronounced similarly. Verbs in the infinitive form of the third person singular and plural are pronounced similarly. Required fields are marked *, Prove You\'re Human * Some verbs have different meanings when they are followed by a gerund or an infinitive. There is normally no difference in meaning. Example: I like to do my homework in the afternoon. Gerund is a non-personal form of the verb, which has features of a verb and a noun collectively. Gerund or infinitive? If like is in the negative, a gerund refers to an action that we do but don't enjoy doing, while a to -infinitive means that we don't do something because we don't think it right to do: I could tell that Sandra didn't like being photographed though she didn't say a word. And to do this it is important to write the word without spelling errors. Mind the following examples: I like watch ing films. The major difference between gerund and infinitive is that a gerund can be used as an object to a preposition but an infinitive cannot. in the sense of a habit. You can, of course, form the infinitive with auxiliary issues of "what to do?”. But this method is not always helpful. You need to learn basic grammar rules to determine which of these words are infinitive. Image courtesy: sscexpo.blogspot.com, Your email address will not be published. Infinitive, to + base verb: the infinitive form is the base ... Gerund, -ing form: the gerund … Doing that?) Gerund: Dying is used as a noun in the sentence. Though it does not act as the verb of a sentence, it has certain qualities of a verb. In a nutshell, a word formed from a verb acting as a noun and ending in ing is a gerund. We’ll discuss this under difference between Infinitive and Gerund section. Other differences between infinitive and gerund are as follows. The little boy was punished for misbehaving. For example, students can face difficulty in putting the infinitive impersonal verbs, which can be the consequence of spelling errors. nine − = 1. The example below will throw light into these characteristics. For example, "I think that a (what? (I think, it is good to do my homework in the afternoon). – qualifies a verb, The students are eager to learn. Difference Between Part With and Part From. Gerund sounds more normal and common when used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. His greatest pleasure is to collect stamps. It is not a time for playing". They always have “ing” in the ending. Gerunds are formed by adding –ing to the end of a verb. In the second example, to help simply names the action denoted by the verb try and is used without mentioning any subject. – qualifies an adjective, This is not the time to regret. Thus, they cannot check the spelling of words. Example: I like rid ing my bike. Gerund is generally followed by prepositions. Though it does not act as the verb of … Children also confuse the verbs in the form of a third person with the infinitive, and therefore will not be able to determine how to write: "ed". For example, "I was embarrassed by the dancing of that woman” and “She made a few mistakes when reading the poem.” To learn how to correctly form the indefinite form, it is necessary to pay attention to the structure of the word because Infinitive verb can act as secondary parts of the sentence. If it describes a noun, it is not a gerund and participle. (Sandra was photographed, which she didn't like.) Example Words for Gerund & Infinitive Let’s see what are some of the examples of gerunds Gerunds are generally formed with the letters ending with “-ing”. In the first example, helps has he for its subject; hence the verb like is limited by person and number. What is an Infinitive The infinitive can be introduced as a verb-noun. Infinitives are only rarely used as the object of a preposition. Therefore, it is a verb-noun that can act as either the subject or the object of a verb. Gerund is a non-personal form of the verb, which has features of a verb and a noun collectively. Difference Between Object and Complement in English... What is the Difference Between Turkey and Chicken, What is the Difference Between Cowboy and Wrangler, What is the Difference Between Epic Theatre and Dramatic Theatre, What is the Difference Between Sticky Rice and Jasmine Rice, What is the Difference Between Firm Medium and Plush Mattress, What is the Difference Between Landscape and Scenery. Infinitive sounds more abstract, philosophical and formal when used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. Gerund, -ing form: the gerund is a verb form which has the ending -ing. Some examples are eating, playing, and listening. – qualifies a noun, To tell the truth, I was afraid he would reveal everything. Look at the participle of the context. It is distinguished from participles by the context. For example, the verb in the syntax "seems successful" children find it difficult to put the subsidiary questions. Both gerunds and infinitives can be subjects in sentences, and both gerunds and infinitives can … In this case: Child is a noun. Gerund: The preposition to is frequently used with the infinitive, but this does not mean that it is an essential part or sign of it. • Gerund is a verbal that is made by adding ing to a verb and serves as a noun. An infinitive can act as the object, the subject or the complement. “Asking For Forgiveness” by Vic (CC BY 2.0) via Flickr. Playing child will have a better imagination" (I think that playing a child's imagination will be better). Gerund may not be used with the article but can be used with a preposition. Here reading - the sacrament, because used with the definite article “the”, and playing - the sacrament, because the preposition is used for the purpose. He called to see my father. The infinitive can be introduced as a verb-noun. Gerunds are nouns formed from verbs. Infinitive phrases – normally referred to as infinitives – are formed with the word to in front of a verb. It is distinguished from participles by the context.