The Fertile Crescent is a crescent-shaped region in the Middle East, spanning modern-day Iraq, Israel, Palestine, Syria, Lebanon, Egypt, and Jordan as well as the southeastern fringe of Turkey and the western fringes of Iran. Students will view/discuss a PowerPoint on the Geography of the Fertile Crescent to reinforce the vocabulary/concepts of the lesson. The dates were eaten either fresh or dried, and palm wood was also used in crafts, but not in construction. Social Studies (NYS K-12 Framework Common Core). The soil, particularly in the flood plains of Babylonia and Assyria, was prone to dry up, harden and crack. Fertile Crescent: _____ 142 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<3762ED965DBF4C4A9DF188A519872940>]/Index[119 49]/Info 118 0 R/Length 114/Prev 262341/Root 120 0 R/Size 168/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Students will be able to: Locate the Fertile Crescent Some authors also include Cyprus.. What is it? Teacher will assign students one vocabulary word to be completed on the worksheet illustrated on page six of the SMART Board activity. SS.6.3.b Complex societies and civilizations share the common characteristics of religion, job specialization, cities, government, language/record keeping system, technology, and social hierarchy. Mesopotamia, which is present-day Iraq, is the region known as the "land between two rivers." The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Ancient History Encyclopedia. In the drier regions, agriculture was only possible with irrigation canals. Web. Which letter on the map shows the location of Mesopotamia? 167 0 obj <>stream The intention of this lesson is for students to understand that Mesopotamia is one of the first civilizations, which developed around the natural resource-water. In villages and cities of southern Mesopotamia groves of date palms were common. This land between two rivers is referred to as the Fertile Crescent. Answer the following questions in complete sentences where appropriate. By 3000 BCE plows were known and in wide use – many Assyrian kings boasted to have invented a new improved type of plow. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. Other agricultural products include sesame (derived from the Akkadian word šamaššammu), which was widely cultivated and used to make oil. 119 0 obj <> endobj This map shows the locations of ancient river civilizations. The Fertile Crescent is a boomerang-shaped region that extends from the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. What physical feature allowed settlers in the Fertile Crescent to grow crops? Rivers. License. ...The Fertile Crescent west of the Mediterranean and on the east by the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, and includes all or parts of Israel, the West Bank, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq.This is the birth place of the ancient world. Students will give examples of a crescent. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Water is one of the determining factors when cultures decide to develop permanent settlements. In the fourth millennium BCE this area was more temperate than it is today, and it was blessed with fertile soil, two great rivers (the Euphrates and the Tigris), as well as hills and mountains to the north. ` Ì) Artificial irrigation systems existed, but people preferred to rely on the rainy, hilly areas to ensure a more even spread of precipitation. What is it like? Essential Question: How did two great rivers affect . Bibliography Olive oil was produced in the mountains. unitedstreaming/Migration to the Fertile Crescent, The Geography of the Fertile Crescent.pdf, The Geography of the Fertile Crescent.notebook, The Research Foundation of State University of New York, Find the source of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, Understand that Mesopotamia is in present-day Iraq, Show that they understand that the Tigris and Euphrates empties into the Persian Gulf, Unitedstreaming-Migration to the Fertile Crescent and From Nomads to Farmers, Pre-printed vocabulary-Mesopotamia and Fertile Crescent. Throughout history, it has led to the development of agriculture, specialization, and cities. It is a rich food-growing area in a part of the world where most of the land is too dry for farming. This fertile land produced abundant crops. The Taurus Mountains are the source of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. 3500 B.C.E. Students will copy the vocabulary words from page one of the SMART Board activity. Students will respond to the next question. Many harvests were destroyed by drought or flooding. The ancient Near East, and the Fertile Crescent in particular, is generally seen as the birthplace of agriculture.In the fourth millennium BCE this area was more temperate than it is today, and it was blessed with fertile soil, two great rivers (the Euphrates and the Tigris), as well as hills and mountains to the north. They both begin in the Taurus Mountains of Turkey, and the rivers deposit silt as they flow south making the region a good place for farming. endstream endobj 120 0 obj <. Show that they understand that the Tigris and Euphrates empties into the Persian Gulf, Approximately two to four 42-minute periods. The ancient Near East, and the Fertile Crescent in particular, is generally seen as the birthplace of agriculture. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. SS.I.2.2C Students study about major turning points in world history by investigating the causes and other factors that brought about change and the results of these changes. Figs, pomegranate, apple, and pistachio groves were found throughout the Fertile Crescent. Fertile Crescent. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. The region was highly diverse in terms of agricultural production, both in terms of regional crop yields, and annual variation (up to 100 x more grain was harvested in particularly good years). Ancient History Encyclopedia. Students will identify the source of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. hŞb```a``–g`e`øt“A€€2¬@ÌÑÁğNˆ5…�aÕˆSò¾e…/VËüps`q©èè ¬¡á µ@ÀÉÀ|^H‹±X$�A€±�ã,[{>?›2Ã9†óŒ'X�².gİÇœËÃeªø„?‹�Áùà‰ëş“º ¶q30_û¤�¸ˆ¹€Æş†ğÙ¾ÃËÇÀü¯ "Êh The grain was then either stored in granaries, or transported away along the waterways (sometimes even exported to other countries). In Babylonia, Assyria, and the Hittite lands, barley was the main grain for human use: It was a widely used form of payment, and flat bread was made from barley. the Fertile Crescent. 1. THE LAND BETWEEN TWO RIVERS P. 55. 54-57. in your social studies textbook. Students will make flash cards for homework. Retrieved from All Rights Reserved. hŞbbd```b``f‘Œ`ò"ˆä’‘l‹A$Ç0™ "ÙKÀjäÁ¤ˆd’«“?À$?ˆdÙ"YׂMk‘J¦ R`7ˆd‘®B@’ñ¤�üŸíÂÀtX–�qP�ÿ˜z_ xşm People in Mesopotamia, Yellow River valley, Indus River valley, and Nile River valley developed complex societies and civilizations. The rich soil extends into Egypt! Ancient Mesopotamia is located within the Fertile Crescent, but the Crescent covers … Students will read and discuss the reading passage. See examples on page seven of the SMART Board lesson. Rye and oats were not yet known for agricultural use. SS.I.4.1C Students understand how scarcity requires people and nations to make choices which involve costs and future considerations. Submitted by Jan van der Crabben, published on 23 February 2011 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. The main canals were generally created and maintained by the state, and the small ones by the farmers themselves or the local communities. endstream endobj startxref Mesopotamia is part of the Fertile Crescent. The area in the Middle East (Mesopotamia) was one of the first to develop the characteristics that we associate with a civilization. Agriculture in the Fertile Crescent. %%EOF Although these complex societies and civilizations have certain defining characteristics in common, each is also known for unique cultural achievements and contributions. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers provide the much-needed water for the farmers of the area. Crabben, J. V. D. (2011, February 23). Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Students will complete the assessment on page ten of the SMART Board. Ancient Mesopotamia and the "Fertile Crescent" experienced enough rainfall, and had more than adequate supplies of water from the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, to make the region suitable for agriculture and permanent human settlement. Directions: Read pages . Crabben, Jan V. D. "Agriculture in the Fertile Crescent." Students will use their flash cards, journals, lesson summary sheet, and information from the PowerPoint to complete a Word Map. The Urartians were the masters of canal building, and many of their irrigation systems still exist.