Born and raised in Paris, I have been teaching today's French to adults for 23+ years in the US and France. Elles ont trouvé le film très intéressant. Le Participe Présent = the present participle. © 2020 Lawless French. What is this “ant” ending? 2.5 hours recorded at 3 different speeds. Home Economics: Food and Nutrition (CCEA). To form the present participle in French, you take the “nous” form of the présent tense, remove the “ons” ending and add “ant” to it. To form the present participle, we start from the present indicative with us, we remove the ending -ons and replace it with -ant. Honestly, I find it extremely difficult to explain how to use the French present participle thoroughly to an English speaker, probably because it is so common in English, so rare in French. You wouldn’t know you are using a present participle unless you studied grammar! “J’aime lisant” is not possible in French. I was (in the middle of) closing = j’étais en train de fermer – use “être en train de” if you really want to say you were in the middle of it, but don’t use it each time you use a progressive form in English: it would sound terrible in French! The basic rule for constructing the present participle is to take the verb in the first person plural of the present indicative and replace the ending -ons by -ant. For example: le poulet au restaurant – il était horrible. + infinitive (in the process of) in French. Includes dialog, study guide and full transcript + translations. Let me explain. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. (Taking his hat, he left) - the present participle prenant modifies the pronoun il. However, we don’t use the present participle in French nearly as much as you use it in English. in context. The present participle of avoir or être followed by a past participle means ‘having done something’. *This adjective is not necessarily considered to be derived from a verb, but its origins are found in the words bien + séant, which is derived from the verb seoir.. 2) For present participles that end in –quant, the noun/adjective form usually ends in –cant. Je ne peux pas écouter de la musique en travaillant – I cannot listen to music while working. You cannot just translate the verb form…. I was (in the middle of) closing = j’étais en train de fermer – use “être en train de” if you really want to say you were in the middle of it, but don’t use it each time you use a progressive form in English: it would sound terrible in French! For example: It can also be used as an adjective.. For example: Present participle of avoir/être + past participle. In French, when two verbs follow each other, the second one must be in the infinitive: I love reading. “J’aime lisant” is not possible in French. We use a simple verb form (or the expression “être en train de” + verb in the infinitive). And what is this “en” doing here ? Present participle (French participe présent) is a verbal form ending with -ant which is structurally equivalent of the -ing form in English.The present participle is used as an adjective, to build the participle sentences and to build the Gerund. 1 – French Present Participle – Usage in English and in French, 2 – French Present Participle – Simultaneous Actions, 3 – French Present Participle Used as a Noun or an Adjective, 4 – French Present Participle – Formation, 5 – Difficulties of the French Present Participle. Chances are that you would actually be using a “progressive” construction in English (I am / was / will be singing…) which doesn’t translate word by word in French as I explained thoroughly in my article French mistake: watch out for the ING constructions. The present and past participles can be used as adjectives. If you love it, please consider making a one-time or monthly donation. “En marchant” is a tense: the French “participe présent”, the “present participle” in English. The verb stem will be the same as the imperfect stem since it’s based on the same logic (present “nous” form without the “ons”). 1 – French Present Participle – Usage in English and in French. Le Participe Présent = the present participle. What is this “ant” ending? Likewise, when used as a noun, the present participle follows the same gender and number agreement rules as other nouns. Based on my students' goals and needs, I've created unique downloadable French audiobooks focussing on French like it's spoken today, for all levels. If you have suggestions on how to better this lesson, please send me an email at Camille at Frenchtoday dot com, since as I said, I find it hard to explain the present participle in French to an English speaker. When used without en, the present participle may act as an adjective and is also used to express the ‐ ing form of the verb in English. But don’t use it all the time you translate a progressive construction, it would sound silly in French…). Born and raised in Paris, I have been teaching today's French to adults for 23+ years in the US and France. The present participle, the present gerund and the verbal adjective all three end with -ant. A. Good luck with your French studies, and remember, repetition is the key! Good luck with your studies and remember, repetition is the key! If the French present participle (le participe présent) is easy to form, it’s used much less in French than it is in English. There are so many cases when you could use a present participle or a gerund in English, but you cannot use a present participle in French. un film amusant (adjective coming from the verb amuser) – an amusing movie, un étudiant (noun coming from the verb étudier) – a student, I love to read = J’aime lire (conjugated verb + infinitive). – He broke his leg by/while playing rugby. The T is silent. And of course, there are some irregular ones (only three… not too bad!). 2 – French Present Participle –  Simultaneous Actions. Instead, the equivalent of the English present continuous is the simple. Voilà. En voyant la photo, elle a pleuré  – Upon seeing the picture, she cried. Sign in, choose your GCSE subjects and see content that's tailored for you. Conjugation | Rules | Exercise | Spelling | Forum | Number | Video. 1) When present participles end in –guant, the noun/adjective form loses the u. The Present Participle as a Verb or Gerund 1. In English, the present participle is the ING form of a verb, and it is mostly used in the progressive verb constructions, but also as an adjective, a noun (it’s then called “a gerund”)… – Having arrived early, she helped her father prepare the meal. e.g. Sachant le danger, je n'y suis pas allé. I love reading = j’aime la lecture (use a noun in French). The present participle is a verbal form that marks an action in progress. Present Participle as a Verb or Gerund 1. We use it in the following situtations: In French, to express an action that is simultaneous with, but not necessarily related to the action of the main verb (the notions of ‘upon’, ‘while’, ‘by’ in English), we use the construction EN + verb in the present participle. Again, it is invariable. Present Participles In French, the present participle of a verb (the ‐ing form) may be used with the preposition en (while, on, upon, by, in, when) to form a gerund (a noun that, in English, ends in ‐ing). J’ai perdu trois kilos en arrêtant de manger du pain – I lost 3 kilos by quitting eating bread. Instead, the equivalent of the English present continuous is the simple present tense or être en train de + infinitive (in the process of) in French. It’s not just slang. When used in this way, they are sometimes called participial adjectives and the present participle has an active meaning, while the past participle usually has a passive meaning. Elles ont trouvé le film très ________ (intéresser). Le Conjugueur is also available offline on. I hope this helps. A. French conjugation is available on your mobile iPhone, iPad and Android. to mean 'while doing', 'on doing', 'by doing', etc. CC Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International. There are so many cases when you could use a present participle or a gerund in English, but you cannot use a present participle in French.