As far as I can tell through all research avenues, the most common Genetic Modification - like 99.99 percent - is the addition of a bacteria gene to the plant's genetic material to allow the use of Monsanto's RoundUp - a genetic defoliant, which kills any plant that does not have the bacteria gene. It can boost the positive traits in every life form. 4. Because we have access to more, it allows us to create innovative items that can help the world in a variety of ways. Some people choose pros just because the paragraphs are shorter. Genes that give greater tolerance of stress, such as drought, low temperatures or salt in the soil, can also be inserted into crops. Pollen from GM crops could be transferred by insects or wind to wild plants, fertilizing them and creating new, modified plants. We are already seeing the benefits with this tool in human growth hormone treatments. These foods won't start walking or tasting like chicken. Genetic engineering may eventually bring advantages that are, as of 2012, at the speculative stage. Wow, thanks! It can reduce the amount of diversity in our food supply. Another problem may be a blurring of the distinction between foods that have been modified and those that have not, creating problems for consumers. When I read the comments here, I get the impression that many people opposed to genetic engineering don't actually know what it involves. Loyalty development. The technology of genetic engineering has the potential to save millions of lives. It would help to improve the quality of the soil. 4. 4. It would reduce the cost of food for the average household. Vegetarians and vegans might unknowingly eat plant-based foods containing genes that originally came from animals. Con -- GMO crops can lead to farmers using MORE pesticides and herbicides, not less, because the GMO crops can "handle it". These processes can cause dramatic changes in the natural makeup and characteristic of the organism. 14. Some of the genes were altered by viruses that bring in foreign genes, and then selected. I got everything right! The many chemical compounds present in foods behave in extremely complex ways in the human body. In the 20th century, plant breeding advanced to induced mutations and hybrid generation to enhance yield, pesticide resistance, drought-resistance etc. There are some big companies that have huge control over the seed market and thus also have a big influence on political decisions regarding the admission of genetically engineered plants for agricultural purposes. It could also be useful in allowing certain areas to remain fallow for a season to help with natural soil restoration. Pro -- Plants and animals that have been genetically modified can become more resistant to the unexpected problems of disease. It could create unpredictable outcomes. When we use genetic engineering on existing food resources, then it becomes possible to increase the amount of production that is available in each sector. 10. The potential advantages include increased agricultural production, improved nutrition and better tasting foods. Although the purpose of genetic engineering is to improve diversity in positive ways, the outcome can be far different when a quest for profit is involved. This might damage delicate ecosystems. Do you trust mainstream scientists talking about all the new advancements in genetics and unknown relationships in DNA, RNA and mRNA or GMO manufacturers who say they know what they're doing and in no way would it have side effects? For example, a gene that gives resistance to a fungal infection in a wild plant can be inserted into a food plant that lacks this protection. There are calls to drive the farmers off the lands. Question: If we make everything genetically superior to what it was in the first place, what will happen if the fruit or veggie or whatever needs to adapt to its environment? Farmers could create a similar yield using fewer resources, allowing them to plant a variety of crops that can diversify their product line for the season. 1. 7. This process makes it possible for us to create more resources from what we already have, making it possible to feed a growing population. Such phenomenon is the inspiration of scientists in this endeavor.In literature, there are in fact many synonyms of the term “genetic engineering”: This not only protects GMO's from good policies like, say, putting a label on it, but also helps the governments by providing money, more government bloat, direction to these poor blind bureaucrats, money, protection from the press, election and or reelection support and money. This is done using a variety of different techniques like molecular cloning. 93% of soybeans and 86% of corn fall into this category. It can improve the nutrition, taste, and growth rate of crops. The genetic engineering process makes it possible to create crops that are resistant to pests even when they are in seed form.