Yes or no questions in German are structured by having the verb in first position, meaning it is the first word of the sentence. There are two types of questions in German (just like in English! Now, the name w-questions  is well deserved because pretty much all the question words start with w. And it’s the same in German. Uh.. anyway, let’s look at the grammar. Create an account to start this course today. To whom did you give the book? Want a quick teaser trailer? You can test out of the Forming yes/no questions in German is pretty easy. Which statement about this is CORRECT? Like, sometimes it just happens because my brain was too slow and decided to have an afterthought. If the verb has just one part, it goes into the second position. I have no idea about cases and I don’t know which one to use when…” I totally know how you feel (#lie) but you can do it like this… when it is whom in English then go for wen or wem, when it is whose the use wessen and when you want to know who did or does something (the subject) then use wer. Select a subject to preview related courses: In this example, our question word is wo, meaning 'where'. Did you know… We have over 220 college Our online exercises for German help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. How do you say I have a question in German? English also has this type of word. Why are you so late? I found that to be an interesting little phenomenon. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Because … you know… tension. For example, Charlotte asks a fellow traveler if they are going to the movies tonight: Information questions are questions that are looking for a specific piece of information. In questions, it looks like this…, But that does NOT work in German. Which of the following is the idiomatic translation for: “Thomas told Maria that he’s a Billie Eilish fan.“. The problem is that German MARKS them with endings. Quick test and then we’ll tackle the last one. I think it makes sense to present the simplified rule in the beginning, because mentioning all these “exceptions” would be overwhelming and also because the Vate™ is an expression of a fundamental feature of German that we need to get used to. Cool Now, besides this big nuisance, there’s also a small side secret. But as soon as we have two parts the part that carries the ending goes into slot 2, and the rest goes to the end. Select a subject to preview related courses: In this sentence in zwei Wochen is the time phrase and is in the first position of the sentence, meaning it is the first element. - At seven o’clock. Anyway, I digress. Those are for example wovon or woran or vomit… I… I mean womit. But you don’t have to worry about that now. Even without knowing anything about cases… you have a good chance to get this right. So… are you ready to learn how to ask questions? Well, okay, weshalb and weswegen can be used in a relative sense of “which is why”, Warum can’t do that. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You probably don’t remember it though… the grammar of that is quite traumatizing, and most brains repress it. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. And the annoying little secret? I just wanted to mention it, so you already have it somewhere in the back of  your mind. Oh yeah, verb at the end. Here's the same sentence in German, starting with the time phrase 'tonight.' This root (and its variations) was basically a sound that expressed that you want to know something. If you have questions or suggestions just leave me a comment. Why do most/all question words in German and English start with a, So when that happens just remember that they might be asking, ther. We made it. Reach up to 70.000 readers and infiltrate their brain while it is busy trying to learn German……………………………, mark the article as read and track your progress. You must sign in or sign up to start the quiz. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | If we’re asking about the subject, the finite verb takes the third person singular. QuestionWhich of the following  translations is grammatically correct?“Thomas looks like Billie Eilish.“ Thomas sieht wie Billie Eilish aus. Closed questions or, Entscheidungsfragen in German, are questions that we can answer with the words “yes” or “no”. ?… oh you said you DON’T like them… oh…. She'd like to make some friends on this trip, and she knows the best way to get to know someone is to ask questions, or die Fragen (pronounced dih FRAH-gehn) as they're called in German, so she starts to think about the kinds of things she can ask and how to ask them. Complete the following in German: German is different to English when it comes to prepositions. So…  when you want to ask for a reason, German offers you quite a few options. Now you’re like “Oh great, that puts a lot of pressure on me? But especially in spoken German, you often find them at the very end. In German, it’s only ONE element. W-Questions. So pay attention now :). Just take whereof or whereby. The reason for this is that in a basic German sentence the main verb must always be the second element of the sentence. Visit the Basic German: Help & Review page to learn more. Anyway, you’ll see hin and her a lot and we’ll also talk about them in separate articles, but I think for now we’re good. Log in here for access. Here's another example just to help you out: In this example, we're using the question word was, meaning 'what'. The best way to get to know someone or to get the information you need is to ask questions. Take this sentence. It’s a pretty solid rule, with just a handful tiny exceptions we don’t need to worry about It’s an oversimplification. And a hundred years ago, writers would probably have preferred the second one, because making sentences as complicated as possible was fashionable back then. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. For now, if you have any questions about what we’ve learned so far, just leave me a comment and I’ll do my best to clear it up. It's made up of three words, leaving the verb fliegen to be the fourth word in the sentence. The rest of the sentence (object, time, place, etc.) Hence you can not start it again. Also the leftover part of the verb can be in position one. If the preposition begins with a vowel, we add an r between wo and the preposition. Today, we’ll start with the questions with question words, the w-questions. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} It’s an absolute rule, never to be broken. Which of the following is the proper translation of the following. German does NOT do that. But first let me wrap this up, because we’re actually done for the day. //   —————-, [ ________ ] , [ ________ ] . I’ve talked more about this in a separate article (link below) but it’s not that important as a beginner. And of course that means that we’ll talk about Vate™  – Verb at the End. - We’re going to the station. Well, it’s the exact same thing with wer. Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48). Was in combo with a preposition to be precise. Which of the following sentences is grammatically WRONG? W-questions are asking for more information, and a "yes" or "no" is not enough to answer them. Thomas sieht aus wie Billie Eilish. It’s just one letter difference, yes, but it makes a big difference to a native speaker. and welcome to the second part of our look at the basics of, And because that sounds very boring and dry, we’ll from now on call it. The context makes it clear here, but German DOESN’T rely on context when it comes to this. THE.TIME. The English which is not only used as a question word but also as a pronoun… so you use it to refer to things you have said before. This does apply to written German as well. And that’s actually what we’ll start with. Where are you going? Cool. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. The preposition went in front of was. When did you eat breakfast? In German we can move the time phrase to the front too, but after that the structure has to change. So… how do you like those little special secrets so far?… Oh…  you said you really love them? The key things to remember when constructing your basic German sentences are: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.