the "real world." If parents, teachers, administrators, and policy-makers are to work diligently toward improvements in the teaching of reading, it's helpful to know and use the same language. written language. The steps of explicit instruction include direct explanation, teacher modeling ("think aloud"), guided practice, and application. The effect is usually much too abrupt, and it’s often disappointing for audiences. Often students are encouraged to draw arrows between related concepts enclosed in oval or other shapes. Tests that keep the teacher informed about the child’s progress in learning to read during the school year. Strategies that help students engage the meanings of a text (e.g., asking questions at critical junctures; modeling the thought process used to make inferences; constructing mental imagery). State Government of Victoria, Australia © 2019. was covered with thick hair. community language 1. interj  A greeting from one hypertext system Epistrophe is when a certain phrase or word is repeated at the end of sentences or clauses that follow each other. Imagery includes figurative and metaphorical language to improve the reader’s experience through their senses. The inherent difficulty of reading and comprehending a text combined with consideration of reader and task variables; in the Standards, a three-part assessment of text difficulty that pairs qualitative and quantitative measures with reader-task considerations (CCSS, pp. and government reports. The word disrespectful has two affixes, a prefix (dis-) and a suffix (-ful). A state education agency is the agency primarily responsible for the state supervision of public elementary and secondary schools. behavioral objective a statement of the nature and degree E.g. Scores obtained from formal tests are standardized, meaning that interpretation is based on norms from a comparative sample of children. uncultured; unread. Four re-readings are usually sufficient for most students. The formal definition of satire is “the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people’s stupidity or vices.” It’s an extremely broad category. This glossary of literary terms is a list of definitions of terms and concepts used in the discussion, classification, analysis, and criticism of all types of literature, such as poetry, novels, and picture books, as well as of grammar, syntax, and language techniques.For a more complete glossary of terms relating to poetry in particular, see Glossary of poetry terms A morpheme is the smallest meaningful unit of language. What to Ask, What to Look For. PhonemePhonemes are the smallest units of sound that change the meanings of spoken words. Digital literacy — The ability to use digital technology, communication tools or networks to locate, evaluate, use and create information; The ability to understand and use information in multiple formats from a wide range of sources when it is presented via computers; A person’s ability to perform tasks effectively in a digital environment. An adage is a brief piece of wisdom in the form of short, philosophical, and memorable sayings. ESL is the common acronym for English as a Second Language, an educational approach in which English language learners are instructed in the use of the English language. abecedarius A special type of acrostic in which the first letter of every word, strophe or verse follows the order of the alphabet. For example, the teacher writes a list of words on the board that begin with the letter “m” (mud, milk, meal, and mattress) and asks the students how the words are similar. The diverse range of products that make up the designed world, encompassing not only computers and digital technologies but also processes, systems, services, environments and machines. Speaking vocabulary refers to the words we use when we speak. Adventure (pronounced ad-ven-cher) was originally a Middle English word derived from the Old French aventure meaning “destiny,” “fate,” or “chance event.” Today, we define adventure as a remarkable or unexpected journey, experience, or event that a person participates in as a result of chance.