By providing women with an education, society can improve and can provide women with an equal opportunity in the world. 31 But here, endogeneity might be a problem, which will be partially addressed in the panel regressions. <]>> In Pro-Poor Growth: Policy and Evidence, Edited by: Menkoff, Lukas. See, for example, Klaus Deininger and Lyn Squire (1998) and Christiano Perugini and Gaetano Martino (2008). [Google Scholar]) and Blackden et al. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. Women can get the same jobs as men and be able to work in any field. women gaining the same as a man can create a new view of how women should be treated in their society. World Bank Economic Review, 16(3): 345–373. 141 0 obj <> endobj Equal pay between the two genders can lead to women having an uncertain future. Women have accomplished many things over the years but the fight isn’t over yet. When we include labor force growth in the population equation to proxy for the effect of the age structure, the effects of the initial female-male ratio of schooling and the ratio of the growth become significant, as expected. The tradition of women being viewed as little compared to men is changing little by little and could be the solution to breaking gender inequalities. 13 In the case of these papers, the focus on semi-industrialized, export-oriented countries was intended. the consequences of women not receiving an education are too high and risk women of not receiving the same respect as men receive in this society. International Monetary Fund. Women around the world who don’t receive an education face many difficulties that many men won’t have to face. The combined “costs” of education and employment gaps in the Middle East and North Africa, and South Asia amount respectively to 0.9–1.7 and 0.1–1.6 percentage point differences in growth compared to East Asia. trailer 2002. Gender equality has strong, positive impacts on Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita which grow over time. 2006. 39 Structural barriers, here, are related to the economic reconstruction, recession, and limited domestic and foreign investment. Cross-Country Evidence on the Effect of Gender Inequality in Education on Economic Development.”. Giving women the same as men can inspire young girls and women to take risks and create change in their society. Though women have created many inventions, artwork, and many other incredible things, it wasn’t and still isn’t so easy for them to get the same equality as men. Women have to break the mold they’ve been put into in order to gain something from society. Stephan Klasen Department of Economics , University of Göttingen , Platz der Göttinger Sieben 3, Göttingen, 37073, Germany Correspondence sklasen@uni-goettingen.de & Francesca Lamanna World Bank Group , 1818H Street, NW, Washington, DC, 20433, USA … 2007. With these surveys, one could generate consistent and comparable statistics on labor force participation, employment, unemployment, and pay. Men receive a bigger salary compared women because men have always been viewed as the ones who need to provide to their family and should be paid. 151–171. For a discussion, see Jeffrey A. Frankel and David Roemer (1999) and Dani Rodrik and Francisco Rodriguez (2000). “Low Schooling for Girls, Slower Growth for All? “Low Schooling for Girls, Slower Growth for All? Education is the future to a new movement of female empowerment and provides a new equal chance in this world. Cross-Country Evidence on the Effect of Gender Inequality in Education on Economic Development.”. startxref According to Ainley et al, (2008) male and female students are different and these differences do affect their learning in school. 0000001053 00000 n Women can do the same amount of work as men and still won’t make the same as men who either does the same amount of work or much less. The figures reported above are based on that analysis. By providing women with an education, society can improve and can provide women with an equal opportunity in the world. 0000006212 00000 n If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! It is quite likely, however, that the growth experiences of these regions were also influenced by other region-specific factors that are largely unrelated to gender gaps. 3 Among the problems in their findings, Barro and Lee (1994) and Barro and Sala-i-Martin (1995) identify the absence of regional dummy variables, particularly for Latin America and East Asia. [Crossref], [Web of Science ®] , [Google Scholar]), and Klasen (2002 Klasen, Stephan. Men’s roles are ‘glorified’ while women’s roles are viewed completely the opposite. Women have been able to break away from the traditional views that have prevented them from growing as individuals. “Gender and Pro-Poor Growth,”. Cross-Country Evidence on the Effect of Gender Inequality in Education on Economic Development.”. Women are getting closer to receiving the same benefits as men and is a huge step towards equality. This box that women have been put into has stopped them being able to advance and be able to have their own mind. Education gives a voice to girls and women in their communities.” (“Global Issues: Gender Equality and Woman’s Empowerment”). Although many women don’t receive an education, solutions are in progress. [Google Scholar]) for further discussions on these country studies. 11 On these issues, see the discussions in Elizabeth M. King and M. Anne Hill (1993), Harold Alderman, Jere R. Behrman, Shahrukh Khan, David R. Ross, and Richard Sabot (1995), Harold Alderman, Jere R. Behrman, David R. Ross, and Richard Sabot (1996), and the World Bank (2001 World Bank. Barro and Lee education data are suspicious for Austria and Bolivia, as they suggest stagnating or declining educational attainment despite substantial increases in enrollment. 2006. 151–171. We would like to thank: Nadereh Chamlou; Susan Razzazz; four anonymous referees and the guest editors of this special issue; participants at the MENA consultative council meeting on gender at the World Bank; Paula Lorgelly; participants at seminars in Munich, IZA in Bonn, Harvard University, and at the 2008 IZA/World Bank Conference on Employment and Development in Rabat; and a workshop dedicated to this volume in New York in 2008 for helpful comments and discussion.