An infinitive phrase is just a part of a sentence, working like a noun, adjective, or adverb. Thus….DETERMINATION TO WIN is equivalent to DETERMINATION FOR VICTORY and EAGER TO WIN to EAGER FOR VICTORY. IT + linking verb + adjective + noun + TO-infinitive When it is being used as an adjective it is answering the questions that adjectives answer: which one, how much, whose, etc. Here are some examples off infinitive phrases, both on their own and as part of full sentences: Examples. An infinitive is a verb that functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb in order to express an opinion, purpose of an object or action, or answer the questions who, what, or why. Here the noun is the object of the infinitive: The question was difficult to answer. Thus…..I desire to see you (compare I DESIRE A SIGHT OF YOU). A good translator is hard to find. Noun + linking verb + adjective + TO-infinitive. It was difficult to answer the question. What is an infinitive? In such expressions the active form is usually preferable. GapFillTyping_MTY0MzU= Level: advanced. An opportunity to … With Nouns (Adjective Modifier)……With Adjectives (Adverbial Modifier) 2. Example: Joyce needs a table to read on. The most important functions of an infinitive in the structure of a sentence are its use as Noun, Adverb and Adjective. Infinitives as Adverbs It was careless of Akhmad to drive the car beyond the speed limit. “To read” is the infinitive, and it acts as an adjective. And it also modifies (describes or complements) nouns or pronouns just like any other adjective does. This use is due to the fact that the infinitive with TO is really a prepositional phrase. This … Also called an infinitival phrase and a to-infinitive phrase, it is a construction made up of the particle “to” and the base form of a verb, with or without modifiers, complements, and objects. sometimes shows no distinction in voice, so that the active and the passive are interchangeable such as A HOUSE TO LET or TO BE LET and AN AXE TO GRIND or TO BE GROUND. An infinitive is a verbal (a word that expresses action); so, an infinitive phrase has the same role of expressing action in a sentence. It is often preceded by the word” to”. To beg is a disgraceful act. And it also modifies (describes or complements) nouns or pronouns just like any other adjective does. Nouns with to-infinitives. I am still confused, its a hard time for me to differentiate the two from each other, for example i need time to do this. When it is being used as an adjective it is answering the questions that adjectives answer: which one, how much, whose, etc. Adjectives with to-infinitive 1. ReorderingHorizontal_MTY0MzA= Adjectives with to-infinitive 2. Here “needs” is the verb, and “table” is the subject (noun). Theoretically, both are possible. In English an infinitive can be used as either a sustantive (noun or noun equivalent), adverb, or adjective. The Infinitive as A Modifier To HOME PAGE. Infinitives are verbs preceded by the word “to” that function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs in a sentence. In these sentences, the infinitives 'to err' and 'to beg' are functioning as a subject of the verb 'is' and hence they are functioning as Noun. ; It was very generous of you to lend us the money. Yes. 1. please explain, EnglishForward.com | The Internet's Largest Learn English Community | In English an infinitive can be used as either a sustantive (noun or noun equivalent), adverb, or adjective. That's correct. It is simpler, however, to regard all such infinitives as complementary and to treat them as adverbial modifiers. An adjective is a word that describes more information about a noun. There are various structures with adjectives and the to-infinitive: IT + linking verb + adjective + TO-infinitive. (2) Some grammarians suggest that adjectival infinitives are just a short way to express an adjectival/relative clause. An infinitive act as an adjective if it modifies or describes a noun in a sentence. They were sad to hear about his death. [*In grammar, a verbal is a word derived from a verb that functions in a sentence as a noun or modifier rather than as a verb. [email protected], how can i recognize infinitive as adjective. For it is impossible to distinguish the construction of the infinitive after certain adjectives (as in….I am eager to see you) from its construction after such verbs as wish and desire. An infinitive usually begins with the word “to” and is followed by the base form of a verb (the simple form of the verb that you would find in the dictionary). As a Subject of a Verb. Adjectives To Infinitive. This phrase can act or function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Infinitive as Noun 1. We use the to-infinitive as a postmodifier (see noun phrases) after abstract nouns like: We are happy to see you here. In this use the infinitive is said to depend on the word which it modifies. [*In grammar, a verbal is a word derived from a verb that functions in a sentence as a noun or modifier rather than as a verb. here we can take it as why i need time and what kind of time? It can appear in the different places in a sentence—at the start, end, or middle of the sentence. After some verbs the infinitive approaches the construction of a pure noun and is often regarded as an object. It would seem awkward to call her again. 2. (BE) ADJ + INFINITIVE-CLAUSE ; An infinitive or infinitive clause may also be used after the verb. The adjective force of the infinitive comes out clearly in NOTHING TO EAT where TO EAT is practically synonymous with eatable. It can be formed by adding “to” to the verb. An infinitive may be used as an adjective modifier of a noun or as an adverbial modifier of an adjective . It can be formed by adding “to” to the verb. We were pleased to receive the letter. Examples include: to walk ; to purchase ; to achieve ; to grind ; to cater ; to destroy ; to read; to savor ; to delight; An infinitive does not function as a verb. sir how can i improve my vocabulary and pronunciation of. For example: “As long as she’s here, I’ll always have a friend to talk to me.” The infinitive phrase to talk to me modifies (or describes) the noun friend. thank you sir for giving me better solution . An adjectival infinitive phrase modifies a noun or pronoun. (3) Possibly some people would suggest that the "full" sentence might be something like: I was a fool who believed her. An infinitive is a verbal *that can function as a noun, adjective or adverb. (1) I respectfully agree that the infinitive phrase is adjectival and modifies "fool." They were excited to hear about the birth of her baby. It was nice of you to bring me these beautiful flowers.Thank you very much. ; It's stupid of him to leave that smart beautiful girl. It is often preceded by the word” to”. You may also like science worksheets examples for students. An infinitive is a verbal *that can function as a noun, adjective or adverb. In other words, it acts like an adjective. To err is human. plz ............ explain me it, thanks you sir for giving me better solution.