As instructional aids, models are usually more practical than originals because they are lightweight and easy to manipulate. Computer-based training also can be designed so the progress of the student can be tracked and documented. It refers to an ecosystem of how information is delivered (how instruction is communicated to others), talked about, and personal characteristics of all people involved. Depending on the nature of the representation, costs can vary from low to high. I wrote this post after detailed discussions with her on how teachers can strategically improvise their teaching method to optimize the quality of learning and help students, especially the ones who need additional support to gain mastery. Go back to ... and try again.". With search and find features incorporated, a CD is a powerful information source. Well-designed course outlines are especially useful to students because they list the key points and help students organize note taking during a lecture. This results in considerable one-onone instructor/student interaction. The concept of instructional theory has been explained by Dr. Charles M. Reigeluth. Psychology – Brain models, experimental set-ups. Our journey starts from the beginning of the 20th century, and includes, inter alia, the famous Pavlovian Conditioning and Skinner’s Operant Conditional Theory, continues through the mid 50s and the first time computers were used in learning environments, the influential Problem-Based Learning inspired by Howard Barrows in the 60s, … Traditionally speaking, teaching aids have been thought of as devices that can be used – white and blackboards, computers, calculators, projectors, slideshows, tape recordings, television, etc. The mock-up may emphasize or highlight elements or components for learning and eliminate nonessential elements. A typical class appears on a screen as a collection of students and teachers. It is used for study, training, or testing in place of the real object, which is too costly or too dangerous, or which is impossible to obtain. Charts, diagrams, and graphs include any printed material which gives information in tabular form. So teaching aids which can address these will be useful. Instructors need not refer to another document to evaluate the student's performance. The instructor also can write on a blank transparency as the lesson progresses, much like a chalk or marker board. On the other hand, an independent instructor may have considerable latitude, but limited resources. Since aids are normally used in conjunction with a verbal presentation, words on the aid should be kept to a minimum. What materials and aids work in such a situation? This problem can be solved by designing IMs to accommodate snowballing around a topic, using authority references, summarizing content or priming content like video overviews and infographics. The proliferation of sources for information has prompted writers to refer to the current era as the information age. Therefore, it is essential that the information be arranged in useful bits or chunks for effective coding, rehearsal, or recording. One caution-the instructional aid should keep student attention on the subject; it should not be a distracting gimmick. While studying to become a teacher, whether in a bachelor’s degree or alternative certificate program, you will learn about learning theories.There are 5 overarching paradigms of educational learning theories; behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism, design/brain-based, humanism and 21st Century skills. I’m an applied psychologist from Pune, India. The Five Educational Learning Theories. However, use of standardized materials, including a syllabus, is recommended. The subject of professionalism, along with several methods for enhancing the instructor's professional image, also is discussed. The largest advantage of this is an increase in the diversity of thoughts and informational sources – a clear predictor of quality learning. This allows the instructor to use a computer in conjunction with specially designed software programs to The cognitive theory has developed over time, breaking off into sub-theories that focus on unique elements of learning and understanding. There is general agreement about certain theoretical factors that seem pertinent to understanding the use of instructional aids. This will get them to anticipate the lesson, build some excitement, and involve themselves. Examples based on classification systems: Non-electronic – Chalkboards, flip boards, slates, photos, telescopes, Electronic – Powerpoint slideshows, videos, Augmented reality/Virtual reality goggles, AV-room equipment, Auditory: Radios, tape recorders, CD players, Visual: Slides, projectors, digital screens, Audiovisual– Youtube content, Vines (yes, they are helpful), Ted Talks, Live streams, documentaries, Audiovisual and tactile – 3D models, plants, rocks, field visits. Many decades ago, TAs and IMs were focused on classroom activities. Not teaching holistically. Above all, they should use creativity and imagination. Youtube is a part of human culture, so are memes, putting information in the context of the internet culture can motivate or change the perception of the so-called ‘boring’ topics. Behaviourism. In addition to helping students remember important information, instructional aids have other advantages. Most students are very familiar with searching for supplemental material on the Internet. A model is a copy of a real object. CG • Section 8WK • 11/08/2019 to 04/16/2020 • Modified 07/28/2020. Such syllabi not only present the course of training in a logical stepby-step, building block sequence, they contain provisions to remind both students and instructors of critical regulatory training benchmarks which are approaching. The working or short-term memory functions are limited by both time and capacity. As with any projection equipment, instructors should ensure that the projector does not obstruct the students' line of sight. 7) Teaching aids helps the teacher to get sometime and make learning permanent. In addition, learning often seems more enjoyable than learning from a regular classroom lecture. Instructors should also try to prepare students for viewing video programs by telling them what to watch carefully, what is important, or possibly, what is incorrect. If you wish to apply these teaching aids and make it economical, you could recruit students to help build these teaching aids as a class project. 1. 5,086 Instructional Aide jobs available on You can plan this with the student’s inputs. 8) Teaching aids provide direct experience to the students. If TAs and IMs hijack these processes or even reinforce them, the growth in learning would be dramatic. In addition, they can be drawn on a chalk or marker board and can be duplicated. As an example, a single compact disk may contain all pertinent aviation regulations, plus the complete AIM. Availability, feasibility, or cost may impose realistic limitations. Shukla, A. With the display of an operating model, the students can observe how each part works in relation to the other parts. Driscoll & Carliner (2005) states that “ design is more than a process; that process, and resulting product, represent a framework of thinking” (p. 9). It is a basic purpose of the field of instructional technology to promote and aid the application of these known and validated procedures in the design and delivery of instruction. After the presentation, the instructor should allow time for questions and a summary of key points. Attempting worksheet exercises, quizzes, essays, etc. Well-designed interactive video, when properly used, is highly effective as an instructional aid. Aviation instructors must cover a broad range of aeronautical knowledge and skill training for pilots and aviation maintenance technicians. Behaviourism is based on observable changes in behavioural patterns. Many of the limitations of the overhead projector are also true of the opaque projector. Charts, diagrams, and graphs can be used effectively to show relationships, chronological changes, distributions, components, and flow. The Situated Cognition Theory was first published in 1989, but its principles are still just as applicable today. 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