Only infinitives are used after certain verbs followed by nouns or pronouns referring to a person. GERUND INFINITIV; in der Vergangenheit etwas getan haben und darüber nicht glücklich sein: schlechte Nachrichten mitteilen müssen und darüber nicht glücklich sein: I regret be ing late for school. Spelling Tip. If like is in the negative, a gerund refers to an action that we do but don't enjoy doing, while a to -infinitive means that we don't do something because we don't think it right to do: I could tell that Sandra didn't like being photographed though she didn't say a word. × Instead, the second verb you must change to a gerund or infinitive. I told him up. A gerund is a verb with “ing” at the end. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. A gerund is a verb in its ing (present participle) form that functions as a noun that names an activity rather than a person or thing. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > barking; For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. 1. It's not so bad (tell) a white lie, is it? After a while, I started to wonder why she'd said that.. Kate continued wearing her wedding ring after her husband's death. Does a gerund always end with “-ing”? An infinitive is to + verb. English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. SQL Server - Benefits of splitting databases across different logical drives. “We … I don't think (lie) is ever right. Verbing (Present Participle) Add ing to most verbs. His jokes made us . A. How was it possible to run IBM mainframe software in emulation on HP? For example, “to do,” “to sleep,” “to love” and “to create.” It is the simplest verb form that you have to modify to fit into sentences. She was busy for her exams. I like drink coffee. These verbs can be followed by either a to-infinitive or a gerund with almost no difference in meaning:. Einige Wendungen im Englischen unterscheiden sich aber sehr stark vom Deutschen und müssen teilweise ganz anders übersetzt werden. Any action verb can be made into a gerund. This makes it a noun! Complete the following exercise with gerund or infinitive forms of the indicated verbs. They practised the guitar. Many of these verbs are listed below. I feel like (go) to a movie. If so, why? so what's the difference between an infinitive construction and an gerund? Scale of braces of cases environment in tabular. Infinitives are easy! I think (defend) yourself is the right thing to do if you have a good reason. Using an infinitive suggests that you are talking about potential or possible activities or experiences. How to repair street end of driveway that has loose asphalt? That means,using gerund makes things general for 'love','like' and 'hate',where as,using infinitive makes it specific. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > barking; For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. What is the difference between "I love to sing" and "I love singing"? I like getting up early in summer. Was the theory of special relativity sparked by a dream about cows being electrocuted? Spelling Tip. It isn't wrong (defend) yourself, is it? Does a DHCP server really check for conflicts using "ping"? So,you can say you love drawing. Co-authoring a paper with a persona non grata. So you can say “I like to drink coffee” OR “I like drinking coffee.” The rule is about the first verb. Infinitiv und Gerundium sind Formen, die in etwa vergleichbar sind mit dem deutschen Infinitiv mit zu oder verkürzten Nebensätzen. Is there any difference between “endure + gerund” and “endure + infinitive”? How to deal with claims of technical difficulties for an online exam? I started wondering what would happen if I lost my job. How do I know when a verb should be followed by a gerund or an infinitive? Verb + infinitive or gerund with no change in meaning Some verbs can be followed either by the infinitive or the gerund without any change in meaning: begin, bother, continue, hate, intend, like, love, prefer, start Suddenly it started raining. The grammatical difference is that "I love to sing" uses an infinitive construction, whereas "I love singing" makes use of a gerund. The verbs hate, love, like, & prefer are usually followed by a gerund when the meaning is general, and by the infinitive when they refer to a particular time or situation. How can I make the story less predictable? Catenatives followed by infinitives and gerunds Why do the steel balls in a spinning curved stand climb up? (infinitive – to + base verb) There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other, and these verbs must be memorized. For example, “She sleeps” no longer contains the infinitive of the verb “to sleep.” Instead, it has been conjugated into the simple present third person form of the verb “to sleep”: sleeps. I began to learn languages when I was ten. rev 2020.11.24.38066, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language & Usage Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. = Suddenly it started to rain. 2. What framework or methodology would you recommend for a Data Science team? We regret to inform you that the flight has beeen delayed for another two hours. "To come back to can be five times the force of gravity" - video editiors mistake? Es tut mir leid, dass ich zu spät zur Schule komme. Because of this small difference in meaning, gerunds and infinitives cannot always be used interchangeably, such as in the examples below. Ex. (Sandra was photographed, which she didn't like.) For example: After like you can put either a gerund OR an infinitive. He began using this software three years ago.. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Any action verb can be made into a gerund. Ex. Instead, the second verb you must change to a gerund or infinitive. We enjoy . Why not to the cinema tonight? Hate, like, love and prefer - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary A gerund is a verb in its ing (present participle) form that functions as a noun that names an activity rather than a person or thing. Possible Duplicates: Difference between using a gerund and using to + verb root, To describe an invariant trivector in dimension 8 geometrically, Inverting lower triangular matrix in time n^2, Using water as a high density storable hydro-lox propellant. How about gerunds? These verbs can also be … I hope you again soon. How can I make the seasons change faster in order to shorten the length of a calendar year on it? My planet has a long period orbit. It only takes a minute to sign up. I hate dancing, so don't ask me to. The verbs like and hate express (dis)liking if they are followed by a gerund:. (I enjoy getting up early in summer.) He dreamt about an astronaut. (I don't like dancing.) @Pacerier: Semantically, as I think drm65 implies even if he doesn't explicitly say it, the difference here is simply that the, “I love to [verb]” vs “I love [gerund]” [duplicate], Catenatives followed by infinitives and gerunds, “I like to do (be) something” vs “I like doing (being) something”, MAINTENANCE WARNING: Possible downtime early morning Dec 2/4/9 UTC (8:30PM…, “Question closed” notifications experiment results and graduation.