(with the perfect aspect), We love being able to talk in the local language. I (5) …….. jumped out of the window but I felt too scared. You (12) ………….. (have) the tripod as well, if you like. I think it will rain tomorrow. are followed He can’t/couldn’t be responsible for the error; he looks too experienced. Eg: The directors may call a stockholders’ meeting. The lights are off so maybe he isn’t at home. Eg: X  Can I speak fluently by the end of the course? MIKE: Some of Harry’s cousins live in the States, don’t they? ), He couldn’t be a doctor, he isn’t wearing a white coat. You could/might have helped me (with the car)! "); (withing forms and infinitives). Get free counselling from top study abroad experts, Advanced Grammar for IELTS : Modal Verbs (1) : Can, Could, May, Might, Be able to, Modal verbs (1) : can, could, may, might, be able to – Diagnose Test, Grammar Explanation & Practice, Diagnostic Test : Modal verbs (1): can, could, may, might, be able to, Grammar Explanation : Modal verbs (1): can, could, may, might be able to, Mike’s car broke down but fortunately, he, Asking For And Giving /Refusing Permission, English Pronunciation in use Intermediate pdf. in a verb group. Perhaps the shuttle bus isn’t working at the moment – it is the low season. Eg: She could have paid by credit card but she preferred to use cash. To describe possibilities which depend on certain conditions we use. Adjective and Adverbs - Downloadable PDF Worksheets for English Language Learners - Intermediate Level (B1) When she was riding in the woods last week, Helen fell off her horse but luckily she could get back on and ride home. Twenty years ago my neighbour offered me his apartment for $30,000 but I didn’t buy it. verbs, Wikipedia may be of some help. He will not be back for a few days. (= I had the opportunity to go, but I didn’t take it. JANE: I expect she’ll be at the aerobics class next week; so I (19) ………….. (ask) her about it then. Could is used as the past form When I finish the course next year I can speak perfect French. pageTracker._trackPageview(); In scientific and academic English we use, To talk about specific possibilities we use. ✓ Who can/could that be at this time of night? She holds a degree in Master of Arts – Creative Writing, Oxford Brookes University, UK. But there are about a hundred and forty on our guest list. Advanced level esl May you get a bonus this year? I__________ walk properly since I had that skiing accident. Perhaps there are other intelligent life-forms in the universe. Also, there is no “-ing” or “-ed” forms. Eg: Over-prescribing of antibiotics may lead to the rapid development of resistant strains. "https://ssl." Sometimes (especially when spoken) shall and will are shortened to “'ll” and would to } catch(err) {}. try { I would never be able to live in a house without a garden. You can use this page as an introduction, of sorts, to the modal exercises that exist in this site. by the base form of a verb. language. Would you speak more slowly? Luckily, Jim down the road (20) ………….. (fix) it, although it took him two hours! Who can/could be making all that noise next door? Eg: The lawyer was unable to persuade the jury of her client’s innocence. Eg: X  Mike’s car broke down but fortunately, he could repair it. The manager of the shop was a bit reluctant but in the end, I____________ get a refund. M003 - Modal Verbs - Past Forms Advanced M002 - Modal Verbs - CAN, CAN'T , MUST, MUSTN'T , COULD, COULDN'T - NEEDN'T - DIDN'T NEED TO Intermediate Online Exercises He may/might not be at home; the lights are off. I’m suggesting a time for an appointment. Though IELTS writing is considered to be difficult for some students, it's helpful to...... EHEVF-2020: "Free Webinar! var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? Modal Auxiliary Verbs… ’, Eg: Don’t worry, the contract could well be in the post. Eg: She couldn’t have done it; she’s such a nice woman. (Perhaps they are not open.). It was too high, I needed something to climb down. I tied one end of the sheets to the foot of the bed and I threw the other end out of the opened window. third person singular of the present tense modal verbs. ), The rash could be a symptom of something more serious. You ought to be doing this, not me. third person singular of the present tense modal verbs. There was a very strong smell of burning but I (1)…….. tell where it was coming from. ), Eg: Drinks in restaurants can be very expensive. If you're interested in more information about, You can go there by clicking on the previous link or you can find information by ✓ Mike’s car broke down but fortunately, he was able to repair it. Shall and will, however, can often indicate a future event or situation. Note: To describe the successful use of an ability on a specific occasion we do not use could, we use past tense or was/were able to. MIKE It’s that awful car of mine – it just wouldn’t start on Wednesday. searching this site or by using the Modal Verbs menu bar at the left of this page. You can go there by clicking on the previous link or you can find information by They didn’t tell her about the special ‘free ticket’ offer. “to”-infinitive. When I was young, I could run really fast. (I had the opportunity but I didn’t go. (I’m not sure whether he did or not. I suppose she (18) ………….. (give/it/up)when the kids were very young, but I’m pretty sure she’s back doing it now. This unit looks at the modals we use to describe ability and possibility, to make deductions, arrangements, suggestions, and offers, and to ask for and give permission. MIKE: What about catering? Might the disparity in the figures be due to a computer error? (I’m sure she didn’t fix it. Carrie could/might have worked in New York …. Eg: Excuse me, could I leave my coat here? Eg: Could you fix the computer yourself?’ ‘No, I could only back up the key files.’. Judy went to the theatre yesterday and told the box office clerk that she was a theatre critic. We often use these forms to make criticism. Ought is always followed by a When we think that something is possibly not the case we use, We express a negative deduction about the past with, If we are certain that something will be possible or impossible in the future we can use, For predictions which are less certain, we use. First off, there are a few things worthy to note concerning these types of She can be stuck in a traffic jam. It would be possible for us to issue the tickets today if you gave us your credit card number.