I am not done yet. [wrong]. ‘Should’ expresses less possibility than ‘shall’. In (3) needs and to stop, same story. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. The police surrounded the house lest the thief should escape. “Shall” with the First Person subject of a sentence expresses ‘simple futurity’; with the Second Person and Third Person, it may express a command, promise, threat, determination, etc. It is essential to know the difference between the “three uses of Must”. Why use "the" in "than the 3.5bn years ago"? My friend swims. -ed -ing -s -es are some common endings that can be added to … “Could” is used to express possibility, uncertainty or unreal condition. There can only be one main verb in the sentence, but the main verb can also be used with an auxiliary verb or a verb.. By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. Website by SpellBrand. [‘are’ with negative ‘not’ — correct], Are you a teacher? Indirect. Vijay Benade + 0. The Subject is realised by the Noun Phrase I, the Verb by the Verb Phrase want and the Object by the Verb Phrase to go to school. TESOL Certificate Course (150 hours) £295. He cannot come in now. Send us a message. 1. I shall be happy to meet my boss. with shall, should; will, would; can, could; may, might; must; ought (to); need; dare; used (to). The first example is incomprehensible but if the second example illustrates the pattern you’re concerned about, then, as Shoe has said, the whole of the sentence following I is the Predicate. [‘are’ used to make a question — correct], He goes not to school. [wrong – no main verb], I will go to school. [= in the past I found it difficult to wake up early, but now I can wake up early without much difficulty], DIRECT – INDIRECT SPEECH The main verb is also called the lexical verb or the principal verb. There are, however, a fair number of what are known as irregular verbs in English and you may come across charts of these which show their various deviations from the regular verb changes. (possibility). [more doubtful – 70% doubt], I may pass the exam. He may be elected chairman of the Party. In this example, “quenched” is the main verb. These two rules are not given much importance these days because we use  ’ll, the contracted form of either ‘will’ or ‘shall’. And those verb words which help the other verb words to form tenses (in Active & Passive) are called AUXILIARY (HELPING) VERBS. [‘am used’ – main verb; ‘to smoking’ – ‘ing’ form of ‘smoke’ with “to”], [When I started smoking only five cigarettes a day, I found it very difficult to keep the number under control, now I am satisfied and limit myself to five cigarettes a day; it isn’t as difficult as it was in the beginning.]. Are they allowed - want - need, or change - go - stop? He must pay damages if he keeps breaking things. [correct – main verb ‘go’ is present]. The rule is then that the last verb in the Verb Phrase of the main Clause is the main verb of the sentence. These Modal Auxiliaries have three common characteristics: a) They are never used alone – a Main Verb in its ‘bare-infinitive’ form is either present or understood: {except ‘need’, ‘dare’ and ‘used to’}. [determination]. ‘Should’ expresses duty, obligation, possibility, likelihood or doubt. Person and Number of the subject of the sentence: I am swimming. “Might” is the past tense form of ‘may’ and is used as such in Indirect Speech. The man quenched the fire. Indirect The main verbs can be used alone or in conjunction with an helping verb, also called the helping verb. I might pass the exam. There are different kinds of these auxiliary (helping) verbs. I go to school every day.. She teaches English. [wrong – ‘goes’ cannot make a question]. The predicate in each case is the rest of the sentence: 'is not allowed to change himself back', 'want to go to school', 'need to stop'. This is the only verb in this sentence; it is also the verb of the main clause. Of all the verb words, the above-mentioned verb words are the only verbs that can take a negation (no, never and not) directly and can make a question on their own. He told her that he would have to leave for Kenya the following week. [= Yes, I must do it alone. Chinese, Indonesian), while some can boast a bewildering number (e.g. This is the only verb in this sentence; it is also the verb of the main clause. The subtle difference between may and can: Master:  “Yes, you may. Helping verbs help the tense of the sentence take shape. He can fly an aeroplane. There are auxiliary verbs, modal verbs, and main verbs (sometimes called full or non-auxiliary verbs).. It is generally located right next to or very close to the subject. He would come He may come. She used to love him a lot in the early days of their marriage. e.g. * “Can” is the only verb word which takes ‘not’ without a space in between; for example. He will come. [future]       Direct ], I will to school. “Must”, when expresses a rule that always applies, used in the Direct Speech, remains unchanged in the Indirect Speech: Grandma said, “Children must obey their parents.”  [a rule]      Direct, Grandma said that children must obey their parents. I am used to smoking only five cigarettes a day. So the simple predicates of your sentences are 'is allowed', 'need' and 'want'. In these sentences, though the verb words has, have, am and will are used, they do not express any idea of possession or they do not have meaning of their own. [ I – First Person — simple futurity], You shall go at once. Notice that there are only four possible forms of the lexical verb wait: The base form, wait, which is the word you would look up in a dictionary. But you cannot. (less possibility), “Could” is also used to ask polite questions (almost asking permission politely). TESOL Certificate Course: 110 hours – GREAT Spring Prices! one verb – two parts, They have caught the thief. [‘dare’ – helping verb with negative “not”; ‘speak’ – main verb –  bare infinitive]. Grammar & Exercises forEnglish, Spanish and German. In these sentences, the verb words has, have, go and teaches express a meaning of their own, the idea of possession or physical action. Main verbs (sometimes also called lexical verbs or full verbs) represent the dominant group of verbs in the English language.