What jobs did ancient Egyptian slaves do? In short, it can be said that there was no gender equality in Mesopotamia. The first toothpaste was made of a wide variety of ingredients, some of which included eggshells, ashes and ground-up ox hooves. City-state type of government was adopted by the rulers of Mesopotamia. Such systems were designed to replace rainfall during periods of drought. f='Contact' There are indications that the use of such practices was one of the leading causes of people developing tetanus in ancient Egypt. The ancient Egyptians were among the first groups of people to write and keep records of events that happened in their lives. However, this calendar wasn’t accurate enough. They supposedly crafted glass beads of different colors as early as 1500 BC during the time period of the New Kingdom. However, Mesopotamia's rivers flooded irregularly in the spring without warning, often causing massive amounts of damage and deaths. Because their bread had so much grit and sand in it, Egyptians experienced problems with their teeth. Consider displaying the students' work in the classroom for the remainder of your unit. Mathematical principles were applied in the invention of simple machines, as well as for transactions and record keeping. Click here to discover more about Hieroglyphics. Both were located in river valleys, which are areas of flat land that has a river running through it. Water clocks were mostly used by priests, as they allowed a way to measure time independently of the sun and were more accurate gauges of time for performing special religious ceremonies. The mints were made up of myrhh, frankincense and cinnamon that was boiled in honey and shaped into small, bite-sized pellets they could suck on. Ancient Egyptians had advanced knowledge of glass-working. 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Irrigation- It allowed for the expansion of farming All rights reserved. Now, create their own Venn diagrams based on the similarities and differences between Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. Egypt has the huge Mediterranean Sea as one boundary while the other boundary was a huge desert. Perhaps the makeup that they are most known for was the dark kohl that they wore around their eyes. Ancient Egyptians were also one of the first groups of people to divide days into equal parts through the use of timekeeping devices. A Venn diagram allows students to see, at a glance, how two concepts differ or are similar. c='\" class=\"footerlink\">' This is the main difference between Mesopotamia and Egypt. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Biological and Biomedical • Mesopotamia had a more city based governing system where each city functioned as a unit on their own, even though they had a king. Trade was an important part of ancient cultures, so having working ships was extremely important. 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Maria has a Doctorate of Education and over 20 years of experience teaching psychology and math related courses at the university level. They had a variety of medicines and cures for both humans and animals, along with much knowledge of anatomy, as they practiced mummification and preservation of the dead. The major problem with the plow was that the dirt would stick to it and needed to be removed manually. Intellectual/ Technology Inventions Ancient Egyptian Inventions First Ox-drawn plow- This made farming much easier and more convenient. The gods of ancient Egypt could be harsh, but also gave gifts to humanity like wisdom and justice. There was not much protection from invaders. When it comes to the society, females were considered as property in the Mesopotamian civilization. } e='' Both civilizations had gods of the sky, earth, freshwater, and the sun, as well as gods devoted to human emotions and the underworld. if (thefield.defaultValue==thefield.value) Egypt was built on both the sides of the River Nile. All rights reserved. The earliest form of writing was in the form of hieroglyphics, which, simply put, were drawings that portrayed a story. Both had agriculture as the primary occupation. Mesopotamians, because they had a rougher time with the flooding, tended to be pessimistic. How did the art and architecture of ancient Egypt support the standards and values that Enuma Elish portrays? One might wonder why the ancient Egyptians would have even needed ox-drawn plows when the majority of the Egyptian nation consists of deserts. When it comes to the civilization of Egypt, since they were settlers near the Nile River, agriculture played an important part in the civilization. Small groups will have a better result with a larger workspace. Log in here for access. The almighty pharaoh could authorize community projects, like the building of monumental pyramids. • In the Mesopotamian society, women were considered a property. In Mesopotamia, the kings claimed to be an appointed representative of the gods on Earth, but in ancient Egypt, the ruler was an earthly incarnation of a god. Anyone can earn Remind students that they will need to label each circle as one of the two places. else d=b • Both civilizations were engaged in agriculture. Refresh your students' memories of a Venn Diagram by drawing a set of interlocking circles on the board and pointing out how each circle has a section that is combined with the other and a section that is its own. While not thought of in quite the same aspects as the tools we know today, the first ox-draws plows appeared in Egypt as early as 2500 B.C. Many people don’t realize that toothpaste is actually another invention that can be attributed to the ancient Egyptians. The social structures helped to organize society to support agriculture, and both civilizations had a strong ruling class.