Flower arrangement, shape, and size. Make sure that your planting location drains well to help discourage root rot from starting as this species does not tolerate wet feet. It will tiller at the base, sending up multiple stems. A dense and compact bush, the New Jersey tea plant will usually stay shorter than you are, typically growing to 2 to 3 feet (.6-.9 m.) tall and equally wide. People use the root, root bark, and leaf to make medicine. Cylindrical clusters (1-2" long) of tiny, fragrant, white flowers (1/8") appear on long stalks at the stem ends or upper leaf axils in late spring. At the end of spring, this shrub will start to produce clusters of fragrant white flowers at the ends of the branches. Native Range: Eastern and central North America, Tolerate: Drought, Dry Soil, Shallow-Rocky Soil, Black Walnut. Susceptible to leaf spot and powdery mildew. A dry, triangular seed capsule. Its stems are light green and covered with fine white hairs which become woody with It originally comes from eastern North America. The recommended zones for this shrub are 4 to 8. The New Jersey tea plant ( Ceanothus americanus) is native to the continent, though not just to New Jersey. This shrub does feature red roots as other names suggest. Fragrant foliage when crushed. Transplantation can be difficult, though, because of those roots. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Taproots are red and can become very large and muscular. On the face is … The name New Jersey tea came about during the American Revolution. Another example of the genus is the blue blossom ceanothus. Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture. Plant two to three feet apart to create a low-growing, drought-tolerant native hedge. This is a 1/2 gallon size tea jug with a wide mouth. Both are part of the Rhamnaceae (buckthorn) family. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Since New Jersey tea forms large sturdy roots, it is able to handle periods of drought well and is a good choice for soils that are sandy or rocky. It can crack open forcefully on its own (much like Wisteria) and release the seeds away from the plant. A synonym is Ceanothus ovatus. New plants may be created through planting the seed, dividing plants or taking cuttings from an existing shrub. CHECK AVAILABILITY. Tea was a bit scarce at the time (after all, imported tea tariffs helped lead to the start of that war!) Leaf spot, powdery mildew, Verticillium wilt, mushroom root rots, and dieback are diseases that you may see on this shrub. Simple, alternate leaves; 2 to 3 inches, ovate, dark green with a toothed margin. No serious insect or disease problems. Ceanothus americanus, commonly called New Jersey tea, is a compact, dense, rounded shrub which typically grows 2-3' tall (less frequently to 4'). It is 9" tall and 6" wide at the base. This plant can be used in herbal medicine and as a dye. Hummingbirds and other birds like to visit this shrub. Full sun to partial shade is needed for this plant. New Jersey Tea (Ceonothus americanus) plant is excellent for attracting hummingbirds. If you do want to do a little trimming, do so at the end of winter before the blossoming starts. Butterflies attracted to this species include the spring azure (Celastrina ladon), summer azure (Celastrina neglecta), pallid swallowtail (Papilio eurymedon), dreamy duskywing (Erynnis icelus), Lorquin's orange-tip admiral (Limenitis lorquini) and mottled duskywing (Erynnis martialis) as well as many other butterflies and moths. 24-36” tall x 36” wide. General: Buckthorn Family (Rhamnaceae). so a tea-like drink was made from the leaves of this shrub. New Jersey tea distribution from USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database. New Jersey tea. Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions. Tea party activists in New Jersey say their groups here vary in size and mission, but remain on the same page for November: elect Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan. Toothed, broad-ovate, medium to dark green leaves (to 4" long) are gray and hairy below. Overview Information New Jersey tea is a plant. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. ... A tea made from the root (Red Root Tea) proved to be a viable substitute after expensive Indian Tea was dumped overboard during the Boston Tea Party. Ceanothus americanus, commonly called New Jersey tea, is a compact, dense, rounded shrub which typically grows 2-3' tall (less frequently to 4'). Best in sandy loams or rocky soils with good drainage. Move it while it is young for the best results. It grows in the wild in prairies, glades and thickets in the eastern and central parts of the United States. It is native to Missouri where it occurs in prairies, glades, dry open woods and thickets throughout the state (Steyermark). Also effective as a shrubby ground cover for hard-to-grow areas such as dry rocky slopes and banks. New Jersey tea (Ceanothus americanus) is a deciduous shrub that is native to North America. At maturity, the New Jersey tea will be 3 to 6 feet tall and wide, forming into a rounded shape. This shrubby, upright, deciduous, native perennial grows to approximately 3 feet in height. The scientific name used for this shrub is Ceanothus americanus. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. It is best planted in gardens located within USDA Zones 4 to 8, and it bears clusters of white flowers at the start of summer. Orange Jubilee (Orange Bells) Plant Profile. Problems may include aphids, caterpillars, lacebugs, leafhoppers, lygus bugs, mealybugs, root-maggot flies, and scales. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. It is native to Missouri where it occurs in prairies, glades, dry open woods and thickets throughout the state (Steyermark). Some have small hairs on the underside. Size and Shape At maturity, the New Jersey tea will be 3 to 6 feet tall and wide, forming into a rounded shape. Names that are associated with this plant include New Jersey tea, Indian tea, mountain sweet, snowbrush, red-root, wild snowball, redroot, soapbloom, mountain sweet, redroot, mountain snowball, and mountain-sweet. As The Woody Seed Plant Manual by the U.S. Forest Service suggests, you could gently tie cloth bags around immature capsules so they can catch the seeds upon maturity. Seeds should be stratified (placed in cold storage) and scarified (outer seed coat broken open a little) before planting to improve germination rates. Use this as part of a wildlife-friendly garden. There is a nice strap handle and an even coat of salt glaze. Fall color is yellowish. The luxuriant glossy leaves and bright white flowers make this durable shrub a real winner. This is a useful feature, though, if you are trying to quickly populate a wildlife or native garden. It should not need much pruning otherwise. The fruit is a dry type called a capsule that contains three seeds. Terminal clusters of cloud-like white flowers. Since this shrub tends to form suckers, plan on pruning them away early if you do not want the plant to spread. Thick, woody, red roots go deep and help plant withstand droughty conditions, but make established shrubs difficult to transplant. Cylindrical clusters (1-2" long) of tiny, fragrant, white flowers (1/8") appear on long stalks at the stem ends or upper leaf axils in late spring. Young twigs are noticeably yellow and stand out in winter.Genus name comes from keanothos which is an ancient Greek name relating to some plants in the buckthorn family.Specific epithet means from America, North or South.Dried leaves were used as a tea substitute, albeit without caffeine, in American Revolutionary War times, hence the common name. Native to North America. The dark green leaves are ovate, glossy and 2 to 4 inches long with serrated edges. Shrub borders or native plant gardens. The blossoms and roots can be used to make dyes.