[143] One theory blames Salomé's view on sexuality as one of the reasons for her alienation from Nietzsche. [86] Arriving in Leipzig, (Germany) in October, Salomé and Rée separated from Nietzsche after a falling-out between Nietzsche and Salomé, in which Salomé believed that Nietzsche was desperately in love with her. [104] During this process Overbeck and Gast contemplated what to do with Nietzsche's unpublished works. [57] As early as his 1862 essay "Fate and History", Nietzsche had argued that historical research had discredited the central teachings of Christianity,[58] but David Strauss's Life of Jesus also seems to have had a profound effect on the young man. Nietzsche's first philological publications appeared soon after.

The main theme in The Birth of Tragedy is that the fusion of Dionysian and Apollonian Kunsttrieben ("artistic impulses") forms dramatic arts or tragedies. 8). Exceptional people, on the other hand, should follow their own "inner law". [52], While at Schulpforta, Nietzsche pursued subjects that were considered unbecoming. [57] In addition, Ludwig Feuerbach's The Essence of Christianity influenced young Nietzsche with its argument that people created God, and not the other way around. In its preface—which suggests Nietzsche was well aware of the interpretive difficulties his work would generate—he declares, "Hear me! "[73] Nietzsche scholar Joachim Köhler [de] has attempted to explain Nietzsche's life history and philosophy by claiming that he was homosexual. [166], Nietzsche claimed that the Christian faith as practiced was not a proper representation of Jesus' teachings, as it forced people merely to believe in the way of Jesus but not to act as Jesus did; in particular, his example of refusing to judge people, something that Christians constantly did. In 1879, after a significant decline in health, Nietzsche had to resign his position at Basel. [281] Author Jack London wrote that he was more stimulated by Nietzsche than by any other writer. His symbolism of the world as "child play" marked by amoral spontaneity and lack of definite rules was appreciated by Nietzsche. Please note that our “AI Consumer Report” trademark is neither part of nor related to the “Consumer Reports” trademark belonging to Consumer Reports, Inc. with federal registration number 0672849, 2465186, 5064394, 5751644. [171] Painter Mark Rothko was influenced by Nietzsche's view of tragedy presented in The Birth of Tragedy. "Nietzsche's Quarrel With Euripides". ", Nietzsche, Friedrich. [305] The plays The Great God Brown and Lazarus Laughed are examples of Nietzsche's influence on him. [296][297] The Dreyfus affair provided a contrasting example of his reception: the French antisemitic Right labelled the Jewish and leftist intellectuals who defended Alfred Dreyfus as "Nietzscheans". According to Heidegger, it is the burden imposed by the question of eternal recurrence—whether it could possibly be true—that is so significant in modern thought: "The way Nietzsche here patterns the first communication of the thought of the 'greatest burden' [of eternal recurrence] makes it clear that this 'thought of thoughts' is at the same time 'the most burdensome thought. "[77] Nietzsche enjoyed the attention he gave to the beginning of the Bayreuth Festival. On his 44th birthday, after completing Twilight of the Idols and The Antichrist, he decided to write the autobiography Ecce Homo.

[257][258][259][260][261][262][263], In 1861 Nietzsche wrote an enthusiastic essay on his "favorite poet," Friedrich Hölderlin, mostly forgotten at that time. "Irgendwie, jedenfalls physiologisch. 2004. Aristocratic values of good and bad coincided with and reflected their relationship to lower castes such as slaves. And they also claim that Nietzsche directed his landlord to burn those notes in 1888 when he left Sils Maria. [331][332] His deepening of the romantic-heroic tradition of the nineteenth century, for example, as expressed in the ideal of the "grand striver" appears in the work of thinkers from Cornelius Castoriadis to Roberto Mangabeira Unger. She edited his unpublished writings to fit her German nationalist ideology while often contradicting or obfuscating Nietzsche's stated opinions, which were explicitly opposed to antisemitism and nationalism. But such a conception of happiness Nietzsche rejected as something limited to, and characteristic of, the bourgeois lifestyle of the English society,[211] and instead put forth the idea that happiness is not an aim per se. While Nietzsche attacked the principles of Judaism, he was not antisemitic: in his work On the Genealogy of Morality, he explicitly condemned antisemitism and pointed out that his attack on Judaism was not an attack on contemporary Jewish people but specifically an attack upon the ancient Jewish priesthood who he claimed antisemitic Christians paradoxically based their views upon. He continued to have frequent and painful attacks of illness, which made prolonged work impossible. This score has no relationship or impact from any manufacturer or sales agent websites. [119] Elisabeth had him buried beside his father at the church in Röcken Lützen. [84] Nietzsche nonetheless was content to join together with Rée and Salomé touring through Switzerland and Italy together, planning their commune. ... All beings so far have created something beyond themselves; and do you want to be the ebb of this great flood, and even go back to the beasts rather than overcome man? Please note that our “AI Consumer Report” trademark is neither part of nor related to the “Consumer Reports” trademark belonging to Consumer Reports, Inc. with federal registration number 0672849, 2465186, 5064394, 5751644.

He had some following among left-wing Germans in the 1890s; in 1894–1895 German conservatives wanted to ban his work as subversive. 105–12 in, Leonard Sax, "What was the cause of Nietzsche's dementia?

[167] He notes that whenever Apollonian culture dominates, the Dionysian lacks the structure to make a coherent art, and when Dionysian dominates, the Apollonian lacks the necessary passion. [333] For Nietzsche, this grand striver overcomes obstacles, engages in epic struggles, pursues new goals, embraces recurrent novelty, and transcends existing structures and contexts. "[189] Nietzsche waged a philosophic war against the slave morality of Christianity in his "revaluation of all values" in order to bring about the victory of a new master morality that he called the "philosophy of the future" (Beyond Good and Evil is subtitled Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future).[190]. This letter contains the following statement: Hence the ways of men part: if you wish to strive for peace of soul and pleasure, then believe; if you wish to be a devotee of truth, then inquire....[60]. [153], Nietzsche composed several works for voice, piano, and violin beginning in 1858 at the Schulpforta in Naumburg when he started to work on musical compositions. [302] Chaim Weizmann was a great admirer of Nietzsche; the first president of Israel sent Nietzsche's books to his wife, adding a comment in a letter that "This was the best and finest thing I can send to you. Hulme", "Wallace Stevens' Harmonium – Collaborative Essays and Articles – Geneseo Wiki", "Book: Ницше Фридрих Вильгельм.