What Are Action Words? Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. When a participial phrase is used at the end of a sentence, you should place a comma before the phrase if it modifies an earlier word in the sentence, but NOT if the phrase immediately follows the word it modifies. The first dishwasher was driven by a steam engine. Ben, exhausted after a long day, took a nap on the couch. A participial phrase is a phrase that looks like a verb, but actually functions as an adjective; it modifies a noun in the same sentence. Participles as Parts of Verbs We can tell this is a gerund because the phrase acts as a noun in the sentence. The past participle is irregular this time, because “hung” doesn’t end in –ed like regular past participles. The word “quickly” tells us more about how Carrie opened the bag, and that makes it a modifier. It is describing Amanda (the noun) as she concentrates. Jean knew she had to warn the men working on the electrical lines. No, right? Bob reached for the cereal box stored in the back of the cupboard. The participial phrase “dripping over the sides of the table” is stuck in the wrong place here. He cooked his own dinners for an entire year. What is an Introductory Prepositional Phrase? I was drinking coffee in a mug made of ceramic. Participial Phrases at the Beginning of a Sentence Participial phrases must be separated by a comma if the participle is the first word of the sentence, such as in the sentence, “ Torn at the seams, his coat had seen better days.” Notice how torn at the seams is acting like an adjective by modifying the noun “coat.” Example 1. The girl dancing in the rain is the one I have a crush on. Gerund phrases contain gerunds, which typically end in -ing, but they always function as nouns. "Goldsmith smiled, bunching his fat cheeks like twin rolls of smooth pink toilet paper. Both the cup of water and Connor are nouns, but the participial phrase can only modify one of them. (Played more than a million times on Youtube is the past participle phrase, starting with the past … We are planning to start a business, motivated by Sadhguru. - Definition & Examples, Biological and Biomedical Commas have been left out on purpose.? We can use participle clauses when the participle and the verb in … Did you know… We have over 220 college We really do see them all the time, even though they sound sort of complicated. I saw Arthur running for the bus. Anyone can earn - Definition & Examples, What is a Predicate Nominative? Modifiers are used all the time to make a sentence more interesting and give us more information. Here is a simple examples of a noun and a participial phrases (in green) in action. “I smiled when I saw the baby panda bear somersaulting through the leaves.”. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. By putting the word “off” in between the noun shoes and the participial phrase, it becomes obvious to the reader that the participle is modifying the noun Sally. You have to use commas correctly with participles based on where they appear in a sentence. participle phrase Examples of participle phrases/participial phrases. In order to act like adjectives, these verbs take on suffixes like -ing, -ed, -en, -d, -t, -n, or -ne. The woman’s necklace, sparkling in the moonlight, captured everyone’s attention. Now our participial phrase is “framed and hung” and we get information about the subject: the painting. That’s perfect usage of the participial phrase because the participle (verb) immediately follows the noun. For example, you could remove the phrase sparkling in the moonlight and the sentence would still make sense—it just becomes even more clear when you add in the participial phrase. 1. Your email address will not be published. A present participle phrase starts with a present participle, A verb ending with ING, and woks an adjective. 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Modifiers can add a lot of fun to a sentence or a phrase, so use them right and you can have fascinating sentences! They’re also used in participial phrases, like in the example sentence, to describe the action of the phrase. Here are some sentences with gerunds and participial phrases so you can learn to tell them apart. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Let’s look at some examples! If you liked this post, here are some other articles you might love: Tom Corson-Knowles is the founder of TCK Publishing, and the bestselling author of 27 books including Secrets of the Six-Figure author. The rest of the sentence describes the gerund, by saying that it’s “a necessity at night.” So gerunds might look just like participial phrases, but make sure you figure out what the phrase is doing before you decide what it is. In this example, the phrase working on the electrical lines modifies men, so it doesn’t need a comma. Watch my Youtube video on the participial phrases: Check out Yourdictionary and Grammarmonster for more examples! Participles are a type of a modifier since adjectives modify nouns. For example, in the sentence, 'Skipping rocks, Zach passed the time,' the participle phrase is 'skipping rocks.' Your email address will not be published. The participial phrase feels incomplete without “in the dark” and we’re not getting enough information. Fearing that some member of the gang might see me, I washed the windows in a fever of fear, whipping the squeegee swiftly up and down the glass. Welcome to another class, my smart brains! He is also the host of the Publishing Profits Podcast show where we interview successful authors and publishing industry experts to share their tips for creating a successful writing career. The participle phrase is intended to modify the subject we, but it seems to be modifying business.). Fond of brushing her hair, Kelly always had smooth and silky locks. We really do see them all the time, even though they sound sort of complicated. Picking out the participle in a participial phrase is actually pretty easy, because participles stick out once you figure out how they work.