Grammatical terms in German: das Perfekt: The present perfect is a verb tense that expresses an event in the past. Using the Present Perfect Tense (das Perfekt) in German: In German, as in English, the present perfect differs from the simple past, in that it describes past events that have present implications. Aktivieren Sie JavaScript für mehr Features und höhere Geschwindigkeit beim Abfragen. Das Past Participle von regelmäßigen Verben ist mit der Form des Simple Past identisch: -ed wird an die Grundform des Verbs angehängt. Der Pilot hat das Flugzeug allein geflogen. LEO.org: Your online dictionary for English-German translations. Here is a list Strong Verbs. How to Use German’s Present Perfect Tense 1. They tell you what they're going to do. Thank you for supporting LEO by making a donation. Colloquial accounts are in the present perfect: "Ich bin nach Hause gegangen und habe meinem Mann gesagt...." There are a few exceptions, such as the verb "sein" and the modal auxiliaries. Die Bildung des 'Present Perfect' Bist du sicher, dass sie das Buch hat lesen können? Es ist schade, dass du ihn nie hast singen hören. Forming the Present Perfect Tense in German: Weak verbs typically form the past participle by adding the prefix "ge-" and a suffix of "-t" or "-et" to the stem: If the verb has a separable prefix, the "ge" becomes an infix; it is placed between the prefix and the stem: If the verb ends in -ieren, there is no ge- added: If the verb has an inseparable prefix, that replaces the "ge": The "irregular strong verbs," including the Even in ordinary speech it is more usual to say "ich musste einen Arzt rufen lassen" than "ich habe einen Arzt rufen lassen müssen." Auf der unten angegebenen …, it is interesting to see photos of (from?) Sie müssen mich nach Hause getragen haben. people who are already dead for a long time / who…. when they are not associated with another verb in the infinitive, add the suffix "-t" or "-et" to a (usually) changed stem: The remaining strong verbs add "-en" to a stem that may or may not be changed. "Er hatte einen Hund" is also possible in place of "Er hat einen Hunde gehabt.". We can translate the perfect tense using the English simple past tense. Some verbs long ago used "to be" as the auxiliary, and we find vestiges of this structure in biblical English or old nursery rhymes: Weak and strong verbs form past participles differently. In need of language advice? modal auxiliaries Is that correct…, can the present perfect be critisized in the following sentence? Build your vocabulary with our free vocab trainer. The perfect tense, also called present perfect (Perfekt), is a past tense. Do I choose haben or sein? of the most common strong verbs, arranged in those groups. Wir sind nach Hause gegangen, weil wir keine Karten haben kaufen können. Elsie Marley is grown so fine, she won't get up to feed the swine, but lies in bed till eight or nine. Online exercises to improve your German. Indeed, they sometimes even mix the two tenses indiscriminately. Als Kind habe ich gut Chinesisch gekonnt. With noun/verb tables for the different cases and tenses ✓ links to audio pronunciation and relevant forum discussions ✓ free vocabulary trainer ✓. Learn the translation for ‘SUCHWORT’ in LEO’s English ⇔ German dictionary. Die Kinder haben den ganzen Tag ferngesehen. Das Present Perfect wird zusammengesetzt aus have / has + Past Participle. I wonder because of th…, this morning I heard someone on BBC saying : it has been worse in the past. Type Chinese Pinyin syllables to get a list of corresponding Chinese characters. Most verbs, as in the examples above, take "haben," but some require "sein": The verbs that take "sein" are mostly predictable on the basis of their meaning. Registration and use of the trainer are free of charge. Present Perfect - Exercises. German speakers are not always careful in making this distinction, however. Airbu…, My Name is......and I have been a German fulltime Starcraft 2 progamer since September 2nd, …, Hallo, ich wiederhole gerade meine Grammatik und habe eine Frage. These strong verbs fall into distinct categories. Get help from other users in our forums. English forms this tense with a combination of the auxiliary verb "to have" and a past participle: "I have noticed that," "She has gone there twice," etc. It is quite common to use the less complex "ich war da" instead or "ich bin da gewesen" or "sie konnte ihn sehen" rather than "sie hat ihn sehen können." Er kann mir einen Brief geschrieben haben. Make the Ultimate Decision: Pick the Correct Verb. Offering forums, vocabulary trainer and language courses. Our online exercises for German help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. You need to be logged in to start a new thread. The second thing you’ll need to form a sentence in the... 3. Even more important: in colloquial conversation, Germans use the present perfect almost exclusively. We use it to speak about actions completed in the recent past. Although there are various patterns that their … To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. Present Perfect – mixed exercise Use LEO's reference works to extend your knowledge of English and German grammar - with thousands of useful examples. Registration and participation are free! Enter a text into the text field and highlight one or several words with the mouse to look up a translation. To start with, you need an auxiliary... 2. Please note: Contributions to LEO GmbH are not tax deductible. Your contribution supports us in maintaining and developing our services. Indeed, many dialects do not even have a simple past, which is thus mostly reserved for written narrations. You can search the forum without needing to register. Frage ist mit *** Makiert!!! Using the Present Perfect Tense (das Perfekt) in German: In German, as in English, the present perfect differs from the simple past, in that it describes past events that have present implications. You need to be logged in to use the vocabulary trainer. Create the Past Participle (with Strong and Mixed Verbs). The present perfect tense describes a past event that has present tense implications (compare the simple past "I cooked twice this week" with the present perfect: "I have cooked twice this week" - the former implies that that's all the cooking I'm going to do, while the latter suggests that I might cook more). Kann mir jemand den unterschied zwischen Present Perfekt und Present Perfekt Progressiv erkl…, Ich habe vor langen Jahren gelernt, dass es ein schwerer und nicht tolerierbarer Verstoß geg…, I have read in an English book Have you been here in the last month? Also available as App! The same is true with: special meanings of the modal auxiliaries). Der Pilot hat das Flugzeug um zwei gelandet. Master the rules of conjugation for the perfect tense on Lingolia and get tips on when and how to use it. It looks like you’re using an ad blocker. English ⇔ German Dictionary - leo.org: Start page, SUCHWORT - Translation in LEO’s English ⇔ German Dictionary. We put a lot of love and effort into our project. They must satisfy two conditions: 1) they must be intransitive; 2) they must indicate a change of position or of condition. "... yadda, yadda ..., but…, Mir geht es um die grammatikalisch korrekte Übersetzung von dem deutschen Satz: "Seit ich i…, Wieso nimmt man bei folgendem Satz das Present Perfect. The name "present perfect" reflects the fact that the auxiliary verb, "to have," is conjugated in its present-tense forms. In spoken German, the present perfect tense is often used instead of the past tense. Disable your ad blocker for LEO or make a donation. In the example "Wir sind nach Hause gegangen," the verb "gehen" 1) takes no direct object and 2) describes motion from one place to another. The rules about the prefix "ge-" remain the same: The Auxiliary Verb: German speakers are not always careful in making this distinction, however. When to Use the Present Perfect In German, the present perfect is perfect to talk about everything that has happened to you recently.