Depending on the traffic profile, a single-server instance can support up to 500,000 sessions with 3-Gbps throughput. We'll send you an email containing your password. Configurations can vary by site and usually depend on the type of work undertaken in each venue. In essence a private 5G network will be the next generation local area network (LAN), incorporating 5G technologies and enabling more advanced use cases than can be supported by current technologies. stays in the enterprise only, and public network service traffic such as voice and Internet are transferred to the mobile operator's network. Figure-1 depicts 5G network architecture. 1) Isolated 5G LAN built by enterprise (Local 5G Frequency, Full Private, No-Sharing). and "How much money do I have?". The only difference with 1) is that Mobile operators build and operate 5G LAN in the enterprise with their own licensed 5G Frequency. Comprehensive mapping of IP differentiated services code point (DSCP) to LTE quality of service to IP DSCP to 802.11p class of service to ensure consistent treatment of traffic across the broader network. Enterprise 5G: Guide to planning, architecture and benefits. Thank you for visiting Netmanias! This not only brings a diversity of equipment and software options to private networks, it also means that network infrastructure equipment, software features, and devices that have already been proven in public networks are readily available, which saves a significant amount of time in going live with a new private network. Unlike case 3 and 4, the cost of building a private 5G network is greatly reduced (UPF is the most expensive equipment among the 5G standard equipments) by adding low-cost MEC DP (actually, SDN/P4 switch) without having to bring expensive UPFs into the enterprise. Any idea which vendor MEC DP deployed mention in option 7? Increases mobility because Private LTE has been designed for high-speed mobility and allows increased mobile roaming with security. While wide scale, public 5G deployment is still in its infancy, businesses are already exploring the idea of designing their own private 5G networks to take advantage of the benefits offered by the new spectrum. https://www.itnews.com.au/news/beach-energy-rolls-out-private-4g-network-in-the-cooper-basin-413473, 3 SNS Telecom. 2 Chapter 2: An Overview of Private LTE/5G Networks, 2.1.1 Addressing the Needs of the Critical Communications Industry, 2.1.2 The Limitations of LMR (Land Mobile Radio) Networks, 2.1.3 Growing Use of Commercial Mobile Broadband Technologies, 2.1.4 Connectivity Requirements for the Industrial IoT (Internet of Things), 2.1.5 Localized Mobile Networks for Buildings, Campuses & Public Venues, 2.2.3 Coexistence, Interoperability and Spectrum Flexibility, 2.2.4 A Thriving Ecosystem of Chipsets, Devices & Network Equipment, 2.2.6 Moving Towards LTE-Advanced & LTE-Advanced Pro, 2.2.7 Private LTE Support in LTE-Advanced Pro, 2.2.8 5G NR (New Radio) Capabilities & Usage Scenarios, 2.2.8.2 URLCC (Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communications), 2.2.8.3 mMTC (Massive Machine-Type Communications), 2.3 Private LTE & 5G Network Operational Models, 2.3.5 Private MVNO: Commercial Network with a Private Mobile Core, 2.4 Key Applications of Private LTE & 5G Networks, 2.4.1 Secure & Seamless Mobile Broadband Access, 2.4.2 Bandwidth-Intensive & Latency-Sensitive Field Applications, 2.4.5 Seamless Roaming & Mobile VPN Access, 2.4.6 Mission-Critical HD Voice & Group Communications, 2.4.8 Massive-Scale Video Surveillance & Analytics, 2.4.17 AR/VR (Augmented & Virtual Reality), 2.4.20 PIS (Passenger Information Systems), 2.4.21 Delay-Sensitive Control of Railway Infrastructure, 2.4.22 In-Flight Connectivity for Passengers & Airline Operators, 2.4.23 Maritime Connectivity for Vessels & Offshore Facilities, 2.4.24 Telemetry, Control & Remote Diagnostics, 2.4.25 Unmanned Ground, Marine & Aerial Vehicles, 2.5.1 Recognition of LTE & 5G as the De-Facto Platform for Wireless Connectivity, 2.5.2 Spectral Efficiency & Bandwidth Flexibility, 2.5.3 Regional Interoperability & Cost Efficiency, 2.5.4 Endorsement from the Critical Communications Industry, 2.5.5 Emergence of Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum Technologies, 2.5.6 Growing Demand for High-Speed & Low-Latency Data Applications, 2.5.7 Limited Coverage in Indoor, Industrial & Remote Environments, 2.5.8 Favorable Licensing Schemes for Localized LTE & 5G Networks, 2.5.9 Control over QoS (Quality-of-Service), 2.6.1 Lack of Licensed Spectrum for Wide-Area Coverage, 2.6.2 Funding Challenges for Large-Scale Networks, 2.6.3 Technical Complexities of Implementation & Operation, 2.6.4 Smaller Coverage Footprint Than Legacy LMR Systems, 2.6.5 Competition from IEEE 802.16s, AeroMACS, WiGRID & Other Technologies, 3 Chapter 3: System Architecture & Technologies for Private LTE/5G Networks, 3.1 Architectural Components of Private LTE & 5G Networks, 3.1.2 E-UTRAN – LTE RAN (Radio Access Network), 3.1.3 NG-RAN – 5G NR (New Radio) Access Network, 3.1.3.2 en-gNBs – Secondary Node 5G NR Base Stations, 3.1.3.3 ng-eNBs – Next Generation LTE Base Stations, 3.1.5 EPC (Evolved Packet Core) – The LTE Mobile Core, 3.1.5.2 PGW (Packet Data Network Gateway), 3.1.5.5 PCRF (Policy Charging and Rules Function), 3.1.6 5GC (5G Core)/NGC (Next-Generation Core), 3.1.6.1 AMF (Access & Mobility Management Function), 3.1.6.3 SMF (Session Management Function), 3.1.6.6 NRF (Network Repository Function), 3.1.6.9 AUSF (Authentication Server Function), 3.1.6.11 NSSF (Network Slice Selection Function), 3.1.6.12 NWDAF (Network Data Analytics Function), 3.1.7 IMS (IP-Multimedia Subsystem), Application & Service Elements, 3.1.7.2 eMBMS/FeMBMS – Broadcasting/Multicasting over LTE/5G Networks, 3.1.7.4 Group Communication & Mission-Critical Services, 3.1.8 Gateways for LTE/5G-External Network Interworking, 3.2.1.1 MCPTT (Mission-Critical PTT) Voice & Group Communications, 3.2.1.3 ProSe (Proximity Services) for D2D Connectivity & Communications, 3.2.1.4 IOPS (Isolated E-UTRAN Operation for Public Safety), 3.2.2.1 eMTC, NB-IoT & mMTC: Wide Area & High Density IoT Applications, 3.2.7 Licensed Spectrum Sharing & Aggregation, 3.2.8.1 CBRS (Citizens Broadband Radio Service): Three-Tiered Sharing, 3.2.8.2 LSA (Licensed Shared Access): Two-Tiered Sharing, 3.2.8.3 sXGP (Shared Extended Global Platform): Non-Tiered Unlicensed Access, 3.2.8.4 LTE-U/LAA (License Assisted Access) & eLAA (Enhanced LAA): Licensed & Unlicensed Spectrum Aggregation, 3.2.10 Cognitive Radio & Spectrum Sensing, 3.2.12.1 MOCN (Multi-Operator Core Network), 3.2.13.1 NFV (Network Functions Virtualization), 3.2.13.2 SDN (Software Defined Networking), 3.2.18 Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning, 4 Chapter 4: Vertical Markets, Case Studies & Private LTE/5G Engagements, 4.1.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT, 4.1.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts, 4.2 Private LTE & 5G Network Case Studies, 4.2.3 ASTRID's BLM (Blue Light Mobile) Service, 4.2.12 FirstNet (First Responder Network) Authority, 4.2.13 France's PCSTORM Critical Communications Broadband Project, 4.2.22 KRNA (Korea Rail Network Authority), 4.2.28 PSCA (Punjab Safe Cities Authority), 4.2.30 RESCAN (Canary Islands Network for Emergency and Security), 4.2.35 South Korea’s Safe-Net (National Disaster Safety Communications Network), 4.2.41 United Kingdom’s ESN (Emergency Services Network), 4.3 Review of Other Private LTE & 5G Network Engagements, 4.3.4.6 GCC (Gulf Corporation Council) Countries, 5 Chapter 5: Spectrum Availability, Allocation & Usage, 5.1 Frequency Bands for Private LTE & 5G Networks, 5.1.1 Licensed Spectrum for Local, Regional & National Private Networks, 5.1.2.2 3.5 GHz (3.55 – 3.7 GHz) CBRS Band, 5.2 Spectrum Regulation, Sharing & Management, 5.2.1.1 Identification & Allocation of Spectrum for Private LTE/5G Networks, 5.2.2 ITU-R (International Telecommunication Union Radiocommunication Sector), 5.2.2.1 International & Regional Harmonization of Spectrum, 5.2.3 CEPT (European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations), 5.2.3.1 ECC (Electronic Communications Committee): Common Policies for Private LTE/5G Spectrum in Europe, 5.2.3.2 Broadband PPDR (Public Protection and Disaster Relief) Networks, 5.2.3.3 Radio Spectrum for Railway Applications, 5.2.4 ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute), 5.2.4.1 Standards for the Implementation of LSA (Licensed Shared Access), 5.2.5.1 Promoting the Use of 450 MHz for LTE Networks, 5.2.7.1 Advocacy Efforts for the Dynamic Sharing of Spectrum, 5.2.8.1 Release 1.0: LTE Operation in the Unlicensed 5 GHz Band, 5.2.8.2 Release 1.1: Support for Industrial IoT & Sub-1/1.9/2.4 GHz Spectrum Bands, 5.2.9 WInnForum (Wireless Innovation Forum), 5.2.9.1 SSC (Spectrum Sharing Committee): CBRS Standards, 5.2.10 XGP (eXtended Global Platform) Forum, 5.2.10.1 Development & Promotion of the sXGP Unlicensed LTE Service, 6 Chapter 6: Standardization, Regulatory & Collaborative Initiatives, 6.1 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project), 6.1.1 Releases 11-14: Public Safety & Critical Communications Features, 6.1.2 Releases 13 & 14: eMTC, NB-IoT & Unlicensed Spectrum Support, 6.1.3 Release 15: 5G NR, Mission-Critical Service Enhancements, & Additional Operating Bands, 6.1.4 Release 16: 5G URLLC for Industrial IoT, 3GPP-LMR Interworking & Railway/Maritime Communications, 6.1.5 Release 17 & Beyond: 5G-Based Direct Mode, Broadcast & New Vertical Applications, 6.2 5G PPP (5G Infrastructure Public Private Partnership)/5G-IA (5G Infrastructure Association), 6.3 5G-ACIA (5G Alliance for Connected Industries and Automation), 6.3.1 Industrial Domain Requirements in 5G Standardization, Regulation, Spectrum Allocation & Operator Models, 6.4 AGURRE (Association of Major Users of Operational Radio Networks, France), 6.4.1 Advocacy Efforts for Private LTE/5G Networks in the Transportation & Energy Sectors, 6.5 APCO (Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials) International, 6.5.1 Public Safety LTE/5G Advocacy Efforts, 6.5.2 ANS 2.106.1-2019: Standard for PSG (Public Safety Grade) Site Hardening Requirements, 6.6 ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions), 6.6.1 Standardization Efforts Relevant to Private & Critical Communications LTE/5G Networks, 6.7 BTG (Dutch Association of Large-Scale ICT & Telecommunications Users), 6.7.1 KMBG (Dutch Critical Mobile Broadband Users) Expert Group, 6.7.2 Private LTE /5G-Related Lobbying Efforts, 6.8 B-TrunC (Broadband Trunking Communication) Industry Alliance, 6.8.1 B-TrunC Standard for LTE-Based Critical Communications, 6.9.1 Adoption of LTE as the Communications Standard for Urban Rail Systems, 6.9.2 LTE-M: Specification for Urban Rail Transit Onboard-to-Wayside Communications, 6.10 CEA (Canadian Electricity Association), 6.10.1 PVNO (Private Virtual Network Operator) System for Electric Utilities, 6.11 CRC (Communications Research Centre Canada), 6.11.1 Interoperability Research and Evaluation of Public Safety LTE/5G Networks, 6.12 DRDC (Defence Research and Development Canada), 6.12.1 R&D Efforts in Public Safety & Military LTE/5G Networks, 6.13 ENTELEC (Energy Telecommunications and Electrical Association), 6.13.1 Policy Advocacy & Other Activities Related to Private LTE/5G Networks, 6.14 ERA (European Union Agency for Railways), 6.14.1 Project on the Evolution of Railway Radio Communication, 6.15 ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute), 6.15.1 TCCE (TETRA and Critical Communications Evolution) Technical Committee, 6.15.1.1 Standards & Guidelines for Critical Communications Broadband, 6.15.2 CTI (Center for Testing and Interoperability), 6.15.2.1 MCX (Mission-Critical PTT, Video & Data) Plugtests, 6.15.3 TC RT (Technical Committee for Rail Telecommunications), 6.15.3.1 FRMCS (Future Railway Mobile Communication System)-Related Standardization Activities, 6.15.4 Other Technical Committees & Private LTE/5G-Related Standards, 6.16 EUTC (European Utilities Telecom Council), 6.17.1 Frequency Coordination & Spectrum Advocacy for Private Wireless Networks, 6.18.1 Certification of LTE/5G Devices for Public Safety & Other Critical Communications Networks, 6.19.1 Public Safety LTE/5G Standardization Efforts, 6.20 IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force), 6.20.1 Standards & Protocols for Mission-Critical Services over LTE & 5G Networks, 6.21 IGOF (International Governmental Operators’ Forum), 6.21.1 Addressing Broadband-Related Issues in Critical Communications, 6.22.1 Frequency Management for Private Radio Networks, 6.22.2 Spectrum Advocacy for the United Kingdom's Utility Operators, 6.22.3 Addressing the Impact of 5G on Electric Utilities, 6.23 KRRI (Korea Railroad Research Institute), 6.23.1 LTE-Based KRTCS (Korean Radio-Based Train Control System), 6.24 MCOP (Mission-Critical Open Platform), 6.24.1 Open Platform for the Development of Standards-Compliant MCPTT Applications, 6.25 PSBTA (Public Safety Broadband Technology Association), 6.25.1 Public Safety LTE/5G-Related Activities, 6.26 PSCE (Public Safety Communications Europe), 6.26.1 Public Safety LTE/5G Standardization, 6.26.2 BroadX Projects: Pan-European Interoperable Broadband Mobile System for Public Safety, 6.27 PSCR (Public Safety Communications Research) Program, 6.27.1 Technology Development & Standardization Efforts for Public Safety LTE/5G, 6.28 PSTA (Public Safety Technology Alliance), 6.28.1 Certified Open Standards & APIs for Public Safety Communications, 6.29.1 Participation in the Federal PSBN (Public Safety Broadband Network) Task Team, 6.30.1 Guidance & Ecosystem Development for Public Safety LTE Networks, 6.31.1 Specifications for Enterprise & Unlicensed Small Cells, 6.32.1 Technical Specifications and Recommendations for In-Flight LTE & 5G Connectivity, 6.33.1 Railway Communications-Related R&D Efforts, 6.33.1.1 TD (Technical Demonstrator) 2.1: Development of a New Communication System, 6.34 TCCA (The Critical Communications Association), 6.34.1 CCBG (Critical Communications Broadband Group), 6.35 TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association), 6.35.1 TR-8.8: Subcommittee on Broadband Data Systems, 6.36 TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association, South Korea), 6.36.1 Functional Requirements for Public Safety LTE, 6.36.2 LTE-R (LTE Based Railway Communication System), 6.37 U.S. NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology), 6.37.1 CTL (Communications Technology Laboratory): R&D Leadership for FirstNet, 6.38 U.S. NPSTC (National Public Safety Telecommunications Council), 6.38.1 Early Leadership in Public Safety LTE, 6.38.2 LMR-LTE Integration, Deployable Systems & Other Work, 6.39 U.S. NTIA (National Telecommunications and Information Administration), 6.39.2 Other Work Related to Private & Critical Communications LTE/5G Networks, 6.40.1 Efforts to Advance Private Broadband Networks for Utilities, 6.41 UIC (International Union of Railways), 6.41.1 Replacing GSM-R with Next-Generation Wireless Technologies, 6.41.2 FRMCS (Future Railway Mobile Communication System) Project, 6.42 UNIFE (The European Rail Supply Industry Association), 6.42.1 UNITEL Committee: Development & Implementation of Future Interoperable Railway Communications Systems, 6.43.1 LTE & 5G-Related Advocacy, Technology Development & Policy Efforts, 6.44 UTCAL (Utilities Telecom & Technology Council América Latina), 6.44.1 Promoting the Adoption of Private LTE/5G Systems for Latin American Utilities, 6.45.2 Nokia's Mission Critical Communications Alliance, 6.45.3 L3Harris' Mission Critical Alliance, 6.46.1 National Government Agencies & Regulators, 6.46.2 Regional & Country-Specific Associations, 6.46.3 Global Industry Associations & Organizations, 7 Chapter 7: Future Roadmap & Value Chain, 7.1.1 Pre-2020: Continued Investments for Both Mission & Business Critical Needs, 7.1.2 2020 – 2025: Commercial Maturity of Unlicensed/Shared Spectrum & Private 5G Infrastructure, 7.1.3 2025 – 2030: Mass-Market Adoption of Private LTE/5G Networks for Vertical Industries, 7.2.2 RAN, Mobile Core & Transport Infrastructure Suppliers, 7.2.6 Test, Measurement & Performance Specialists, 7.2.9 Vertical Industries, Enterprises & Other End Users, 8.4 Accton Technology Corporation/IgniteNet, 8.17 Airbus/SLC (Secure Land Communications), 8.20 Airspan Networks/Dense Air/Mimosa Networks, 8.24 Alliander (450connect/Utility Connect), 8.59 Artesyn Embedded Computing/SMART Global Holdings, 8.64 ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute), 8.65 ASUS (ASUSTeK Computer)/Askey Computer Corporation/Aaeon Technology, 8.76 Axxcelera Broadband Wireless (Axxcss Wireless Solutions), 8.87 BATS (Broadband Antenna Tracking Systems), 8.88 Baylin Technologies (Galtronics Corporation, Advantech Wireless, Alga Microwave), 8.113 Bullitt/Cat Phones (Caterpillar)/Land Rover Explore, 8.115 BVSystems (Berkeley Varitronics Systems), 8.126 CCI (Communication Components Inc.)/BLiNQ Networks, 8.141 CHPC (Cirtek Holdings Philippines Corporation)/ Quintel, 8.142 CICT (China Information and Communication Technology Group)/China Xinke Group, 8.151 Collins Aerospace/United Technologies Corporation, 8.156 CommScope/ARRIS International/Ruckus Networks, 8.158 Comtech Telecommunications Corporation, 8.164 Corning/SpiderCloud Wireless/iBwave Solutions, 8.167 Crown Castle International Corporation, 8.179 Digital Bridge Holdings/Colony Capital, 8.187 Durabook (Twinhead International Corporation), 8.188 Easycom (Shenzhen Easycom Electronics), 8.189 E-Band Communications (Axxcss Wireless Solutions), 8.190 EchoStar Corporation/Hughes Network Systems, 8.211 eTera Communication/Sinotech R&D Group, 8.213 Ethertronics/AVX Corporation (Kyocera), 8.214 ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea), 8.225 FCNT (Fujitsu Connected Technologies)/JEMS (Japan EM Solutions), 8.231 Fraunhofer FOKUS (Institute for Open Communication Systems), 8.232 Fraunhofer HHI (Heinrich Hertz Institute), 8.233 Fraunhofer IIS (Institute for Integrated Circuits), 8.234 Fraunhofer IPT (Institute for Production Technology), 8.237 Fujian BelFone Communications Technology, 8.266 HBFEC (Hebei Far East Communication System Engineering), 8.273 Hon Hai Precision Industry/Foxconn Technology Group/Sharp Corporation, 8.281 Hytera Communications/Sepura/Teltronic, 8.282 IAI (Israel Aerospace Industries)/Elta Systems, 8.295 Inrico (Shenzhen Inrico Electronics), 8.305 IPITEK (Integrated Photonics Technology), 8.313 ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan), 8.314 IWT (Innovative Wireless Technologies), 8.316 JCI (Japan Communications Inc.)/Contour Networks, 8.323 Kathrein Mobile Communication (Ericsson), 8.350 LG Corporation/LG Electronics/LG Innotek, 8.378 MTI (Microelectronics Technology, Inc.), 8.392 NetCity (GEOS Telecom/GEOS Holding), 8.397 Neutral Connect Networks/Connectivity Wireless Solutions (M/C Partners), 8.416 OPPO/Vivo/OnePlus/Realme (BBK Electronics Corporation), 8.420 PacStar (Pacific Star Communications), 8.421 Panasonic Corporation/Panasonic Avionics Corporation/AeroMobile Communications, 8.428 PCTEST Lab (PCTEST Engineering Laboratory), 8.435 Plover Bay Technologies (Peplink/Pepwave), 8.436 PoCStar (Shanli Tongyi Information Technology), 8.441 PTI (Persistent Telecom Inc.)/NetGenuity/RIVA Networks, 8.447 Quanta Computer/QCT (Quanta Cloud Technology), 8.455 Radisys Corporation/Reliance Industries, 8.460 Raycap/STEALTH Concealment Solutions, 8.466 REMEC Broadband Wireless Networks/Bridgewave Communications/SAGE SatCom (Axxcss Wireless Solutions), 8.484 Safran/ZII (Zodiac Inflight Innovations), 8.486 SAIC (Science Applications International Corporation), 8.499 Sharp Corporation/Dynabook (Foxconn), 8.500 Shentel (Shenandoah Telecommunications Company), 8.505 Signal Information & Communication Corporation, 8.517 SoftBank Group/BBB (BB Backbone Corporation), 8.522 Sony Corporation/Sony Mobile Communications, 8.540 StrattoOpencell (Digital Colony/Freshwave Group), 8.543 Sunsea AIoT/SIMCom Wireless Solutions/Longsung Technology, 8.544 Suzhou Aquila Solutions (Aquila Wireless), 8.559 TCL Communication (TCL/Alcatel/BlackBerry), 8.567 Telco Systems/BATM Advanced Communications, 8.574 TeleWare/PMN (Private Mobile Networks), 8.583 Teracom Group/Net1 Sweden (Netett Sverige), 8.593 Trópico/CPqD (Center for Research and Development in Telecommunications, Brazil), 8.599 UK Broadband/Three UK (CK Hutchison Holdings), 8.613 VINCI Energies/Koning & Hartman/Sysoco, 8.615 Virtualnetcom/VNC (Virtual Network Communications), 8.624 VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 8.631 WIG (Wireless Infrastructure Group), 8.638 Wouxun (Quanzhou Wouxun Electronics), 8.645 Yageo Corporation/Pulse Electronics, 8.646 Yanton (Quanzhou Yanton Electronics), 8.655 Zmtel (Shanghai Zhongmi Communication Technology), 9.1 Global Outlook for Private LTE & 5G Network Investments, 9.5 Segmentation by Unlicensed/Shared Spectrum Frequency Band, 9.6.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT, 9.6.9 Other Critical Communications & Industrial IoT Sectors, 9.6.11 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts, 9.7.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT, 9.7.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts, 9.8.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT, 9.8.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts, 9.9.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT, 9.9.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts, 9.10.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT, 9.10.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments, 9.10.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts, 9.11.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT, 9.11.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments, 9.11.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts, 9.12.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT, 9.12.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments, 9.12.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts, 9.13.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT, 9.13.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments, 9.13.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts, 10 Chapter 10: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations, 10.2 Competitive Industry Landscape: Acquisitions, Consolidation & Strategic Alliances.