The Public Health Act 1875 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, one of the Public Health Acts, and a significant step in the advancement of public health in England.. Its purpose was to codify previous measures aimed at combating filthy urban living conditions, which caused various health threats, including the spread of many diseases such as cholera and typhus [10] [1] This was supported by reports, from the Royal Commission on the Health of Towns (formed in 1843)[2] and local branches of the Health of Towns Association (formed in 1844), of poor and insanitary conditions in many UK cities. The board was originally to be dissolved after five years, but acts of parliament were passed annually allowing for its continuation. One of the individuals who played an important role in its creation was Edwin Chadwick, a social reformer. Contents. Local boards or local boards of health were local authorities in urban areas of England and Wales from 1848 to 1894. The Public Health (Control of Disease) Act 1984 is a piece of legislation for England and Wales which requires physicians to notify the 'proper officer' of the local authority of any person deemed to be suffering from a notifiable disease.. Public health has been defined as "the science and art of preventing disease”, prolonging life and improving quality of life through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations (public and private), communities and individuals. Its context, origins, content, and compromises are extensively reviewed in this issue by Hamlin and Sheard (p 587).1 It was an exercise in effective politics, technically remarkably well informed, yet also an imaginative legislative attempt to deal with some still very current issues. When the Public Health Act 1875 came into force in 1875, all local board districts and local government districts were designated urban sanitary districts, alongside the newly created rural sanitary districts; see list: Rural sanitary districts formed in England and Wales 1875–94. Elected by owners of property and by rate payers. †Had adopted the Act in 1866. c. 98). Edwin Chadwick was one of the architects of the 1834 Poor Law, which was based on the principle that making the provision of poor relief so unpleasant would put off all but the most desperate. They could also apply to the General Board to have an existing graveyard closed. There is no doubt that it needs to do so. Long title: An Act for consolidating and amending the Acts relating to Public Health in England. Street paving: The local board took over the public streets in the district, and could also require that private streets be paved. The Act was passed by the Whig government of Lord John Russell, in response to the urging of Edwin Chadwick. For the film, see, Egyed Ákos: Erdély 1848–1849 (Transylvania in 1848–1849). The act clearly established the federal government's quarantine authority for the first time. It established a Central Board of Health whose job it was to improve sanitation and living standards in towns and populous areas in England and Wales. In districts which were partly in and partly outside a borough the board had a mixture of selected and elected members. Where a local board district coincided with a borough, or was entirely within a borough's limits, all the members were selected by the corporation. These are formidable questions, yet the act shows what can be achieved with imagination and determination. It was compulsory for the Board to appoint an inspector of nuisances (sanitary inspector) to investigate complaints and take action against 'nuisances' (nuisances was a very broad concept encompassing a wide range of environmental public health problems: such as unsanitary dwellings, accumulations of refuse and sewage, smoke dust and smells and industrial emissions, polluted water, noise, adulterated food, slaughterhouse issues etc.). There were three commissioners:- the president of the board being the First Commissioner of Her Majesty's Woods and Forests, Land Revenues, Works and Buildings, the other two members being appointed by warrant. How can private and corporate influences be brought on board? The method of electing members of the board remained the same, although existing or new boards could now be divided into wards. Cheering revolutionaries in Berlin, on March 19, 1848, with the new flag of Germany, French Revolution of 1848: Republican riots forced King Louis-Philippe to abdicate, German National Assembly's meeting in St. Paul's Church, Battle of Pákozd in the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, This article is about the year 1848.