[2], Like many Mesoamerican temples, various phases of construction were built one on top of the other. The pyramid of Tenayuca is in the care of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (National Institute of Anthropology and History) and is open to the public. Log In. Layer by Layer: A Mexico City Culinary Adventure, Monster of the Month with Colin Dickey: Mothman, Nina Nightingale's Charm School: Rituals of Gratitude, Biblioteca Pública de la Universidad Michoacana, A Tale of Survival, Wrapped in a 19th-Century Reindeer-Skin Sleeping Bag, In Rwanda, Learning Whether a ‘Smart Park’ Can Help Both Wildlife and Tourism, The Small Goat Breed That’s a Star of Urban Farms, My Hunt for the Original McDonald's French-Fry Recipe, How German Librarians Finally Caught an Elusive Book Thief, How a Blacksmith in Jordan Created His Own Sign Language, In Naples, Praying With Skulls Is an Ancient Tradition, Inside a Domed Pyramid With Astounding Acoustics and a History of Miracles, See the Mysterious Horned Helmet of Henry VIII, Searching for Home and Connection Through Typewritten Poetry, http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/stories/new-fire-ceremony, https://lugares.inah.gob.mx/es/zonas-arqueologicas/zonas/opinion/14626-sepulcro-de-los-a%C3%B1os,-xiuhmolpilli-y-la-ceremonia-del-fuego-nuevo-14626.html?lugar_id=444. Their bodies were once covered with plaster and painted in a variety of colours, with their scales painted black.

[7], 200 meters from the main pyramid of Tenayuca are the remains of what appear to have been an elite residential complex, with surviving plaster floors in some rooms.

As the snakes in the coatepantli have a spiral-like crest in their heads, they are identified as xiuhcoatls, or fire serpents, the weapon of Huitzilopochtli. In late 2019, COBEAL™ and RISA™, together with INAH, began work to restore the Tenayuca Pyramid. [2] Xolotl was succeeded by Nopaltzin who consolidated the Chichimec Kingdom .

The inspiration for this post is my long relationship with the Valley of Mexico and my pride in playing a small part in preserving an important piece of the world's global heritage. The tombs and temples where we conduct our efforts are quiet, long since abandoned by their inhabitants, only to be replaced by signs of modernity, such as damage from pollution, acid rain and graffiti markings which, from where I stand, feels disrespectful to the beacons of mankind that provide each generation with a sense of continuity and comfort that what we build during our lifetimes might stand the test of time.

The National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) registers 47,000 archaeological sites, 121 museums, 11,000 registered historical monuments, and 59 declared landmarks.

In the case of Tenayuca, the size of the building increased through six phases of construction but the basic form remained unchanged. The National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) registers 47,000 archaeological sites, 121 museums, 11,000 registered historical monuments, and 59 declared landmarks. Some of the many stone snake head sculptures. Tenayuca is considered to be the earliest capital city of the Chichimec, nomadic tribes who migrated and settled in the Valley of Mexico, where they formed their own kingdoms. The last phase of construction probably dates to 1507 and measures 62 meters wide by 50 meters deep.

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[2], Aztec temple architecture primarily developed at Tenayuca, which has the earliest example yet found of the typical Aztec double pyramid, which consists of joined pyramidal bases supporting two temples. [6], At the time of the Spanish Conquest Tenayuca was still occupied, and fighting took place there in 1520. It is believed to have been the nomadic Mexican tribe's original settlement, the Chichimec, who settled in the region and formed separate kingdoms. After Tenayuca came under Aztec dominance, the Aztecs adopted this innovative style for the worship of their own deities.

Until that time, for those interested in the pyramid we are diligently working to preserve, below is a short introduction on the rise of urban civilization, as well as Manuel Aguilar-Moreno's description of Tenayuca, which can now be found in the urban town of San Bartolo Tenayuca in the municipality of Tlalnepantla. The rise of urban civilization is inextricably linked to the establishment of a sedentary agricultural existence. In the long centuries that followed, Tenayuca was forgotten and became covered by layers of sediment. See. and before the founding of Tenochtitlán. Tenayuca Ruins. The 19th-century hacienda house is filled with Aztec sculptures. The Borbonic Codex illustrates how the New Fire ceremony was performed. Sophy Laughing serves as Group CEO of a consortium of companies, including RISA™ and COBEAL™, the latter which is an award-winning integrated climate-control construction and air quality support services provider specializing in industrial, commercial, and archival sectors. [1][2], The pyramid base is surrounded by a coatepantli (Nahuatl for wall of serpents), a low platform supporting 138 stone sculptures of snakes. The pyramid at Tenayuca is technically in Tlalnepantla de Baz, in the State of Mexico. All rights reserved. For more information, see our Cookie Policy. About See All. See our, Case Study: Twin Turbines on an Offshore…. After the site came under Aztec control, an elaborate pyramid complex was constructed.

This imitation may have served a function as either a homage to the great power of Central Mexico that had preceded their own or as a visual symbol to legitimize their own rule as rightful “heirs” of the Toltec mantle of empire.