The Jew might say, If the whole purposes of God towards men center in Adam and Christ, where does "the law" come in, and what was the use of it? The apostle uses here also a metaphor taken from the purifying, refining, and testing of silver and gold. 28. The holy, righteous God, cannot be at peace with a sinner, while under the guilt of sin. ', "that הא הידיעה, the "He" demonstrative is not prefixed in Scripture to proper names, which yet is to the word "Adam"; the reason is, (say theyF24Menasseh ben Israel de cermino Vitae, c. 3. sect. is that of clinging gratitude for so costly a salvation; but no sooner have we learned to cry, Abba, Father, under the sweet sense of reconciliation, than "gloriation" in Him takes the place of dread of Him, and now He appears to us "altogether lovely!". For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners,.... Agreeably to this the Jews sayF7Tzeror Hammor, fol. This does not appear. ', Again, they observeF25En Jaacob, par. Why? IV. 22. iv. 42. By "a righteous man", is not meant a truly gracious, holy man; nor one that is made righteous by the obedience of Christ; but one that is so in his own eyes, and in the esteem of others, being outwardly moral and righteous before men; who keeps to the letter of the law, and does, as he imagines, what that externally requires: such were the Pharisees among the Jews, who, though they were had in much outward esteem and veneration among the people, yet were rather feared than loved; and it would have been a difficult thing to have found a person that would cheerfully venture, and lay down his life for any of that complexion and cast: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die.
We are not brought to God for the purpose of an interview, but to remain with him; to be his household; and, by faith, to behold his face, and walk in the light of his countenance. When the Jews were in the lowest state of corruption, and had the greatest need of the promised deliverer. 2. , that young children die on account of the sins of their parents: but the true reason of their dying is here suggested by the apostle; which is the transgression of Adam: who is the figure of him that was to come; meaning, either his posterity that were to come out of his loins, whose figure, type, and representative he was; or rather Christ, who is sometimes called ο ερχομενος, "he that was to come"; and the Arabic version reads the words thus, "who was a type of Adam that was expected"; that is, of Christ the second Adam, that was expected to come, according to the promise and prophecy: of him the first Adam was a type, in his human nature, in the formation and quality of it; as the first Adam was made by God of the virgin earth, the second Adam was born of a virgin; as the first, so the second Adam was pure, holy, upright, and wise; in his office, as Lord of the world, head of the woman, priest in his house, and prophet to his posterity; in his marriage with Eve, a figure of the church; but in nothing more clearly than in his being a covenant head to all his offspring: and this is what the apostle chiefly designs, since he runs the parallel between them on this account in the following verses; showing, that as the one conveyed sin and death to all his seed, so the other communicates righteousness and life to all that belong to him. (3) In what sense is the word "death" used throughout this section? 18. Therefore as by the offence of one,.... Or by one offence, as before, the guilt of which is imputed to, and. This is a fuller statement of the argument made in the preceding verse, a conclusion of logic identified by Hodge as "a fortiori": Saved by his life ... suggests the many things revealed in the New Testament that Christ is at the present time doing on behalf of the redeemed. (2) As only believers possess the true secret of patience under trials, so, although "not joyous but grievous" in themselves ( Hebrews 12:17 ), when trials divinely sent afford them the opportunity of evidencing their faith by the grace of patience under them, they should "count it all joy" ( Romans 5:3 Romans 5:4 ; and see James 1:2 James 1:3 ). As to the thesis, then, that true faith automatically includes obedience, it is utterly disproved by the lives of millions in every age, including those cited in John 12:42,43.