A usually whitish crystalline solid, chiefly sodium chloride, used extensively in ground or granulated form as a food seasoning and preservative. The meat-packing, sausage-making, fish-curing, and food-processing industries use salt as a preservative or seasoning or both. [85] The Ayoreo, an indigenous group from the Paraguayan Chaco, obtain their salt from the ash produced by burning the timber of the Indian salt tree (Maytenus vitis-idaea) and other trees. Salt (NaCl), sodium chloride, mineral substance of great importance to human and animal health, as well as to industry. [65] Another review indicated that there is inconsistent/insufficient evidence to conclude that reducing sodium intake to lower than 2,300 mg per day is either beneficial or harmful. A small amount of dextrose may also be added to stabilize the iodine. Researchers have found that children who consume salty foods are more likely to have a sugary drink with it. Salt, also called sodium chloride, mineral substance of great importance to human and animal health, as well as to industry. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Salt has long been used for flavoring and for preserving food. Emeritus Professor of Geological Sciences, University of Texas at El Paso. Updates? Learn a new word every day. The gods were worshipped as the givers of the kindly fruits of the earth, and salt was usually included in sacrificial offerings consisting wholly or partly of cereal elements. It is 40 percent sodium and the rest is chlorine. English Language Learners Definition of salt (Entry 2 of 2), See the full definition for salt in the English Language Learners Dictionary, — called also common salt, sodium chloride, Medical Definition of salt (Entry 2 of 2), Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for salt, Nglish: Translation of salt for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of salt for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about salt. In Switzerland:- Unlimited Internet at 4G+ & 5G high-speed. Dietitians urge people not to add extra salt to their food because enough is already added, if it is processed or packaged. In the Roman army an allowance of salt was made to officers and men; in imperial times, this salarium (from which the English word salary is derived) was converted into an allowance of money for salt. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Table salt is a refined salt containing about 97 to 99 percent sodium chloride. This usually involves recrystallization during which a brine solution is treated with chemicals that precipitate most impurities (largely magnesium and calcium salts). What made you want to look up salt? or is there any taste in the white of an egg?" 2. The word salt comes from the Latin word “sal,” meaning salt. Too much sodium has been linked to kidney stones, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease. [53], Kosher or kitchen salt has a larger grain size than table salt and is used in cooking. Add Saxa Table Salt Mini Pot 70G Add add Saxa Table Salt Mini Pot 70G to basket. Salt may be added to the water "where it is customary" in the Roman Catholic rite of Holy water. If a food is salt- or sodium-free, for example, it can contain up to 5 mg (0.005 g) of sodium per serving. In English the term “salt of the earth” describes a person held in high esteem. Dairy salt is used in the preparation of butter and cheese products. This salt is often described as smelling like and tasting of the sea. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. tomentosa. Tucked away in the bill is a measure that will reinstate the so-called SALT itemized deduction for 2020 and 2021. `Did he look like an old sea salt?' Since taste and aroma compounds are often detectable by humans in minute concentrations, sea salt may have a more complex flavor than pure sodium chloride when sprinkled on top of food. In time, this can stretch the walls of the blood vessels, making them more susceptible to damage. If a food label lists sodium instead of salt, multiply the answer by 2.5 for an accurate picture of the salt content. 2H2O. Item #419023 Model #419023419023 It is difficult to measure how much salt we are consuming, as it is hidden in many foods. Most Americans take in too much salt, and 75 percent of it is hidden in processed and packaged food. Salt is also used as a flux in the production of aluminium. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends [21 CFR 101.9 (c)(8)(iv)] 150 micrograms of iodine per day for both men and women. The human body regulates how much sodium it contains. Osteomalacia is a disease that leads to softening of the bones. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). There are many other processes in which salt is involved. Salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite. Multiple stages of evaporation are then used to collect pure sodium chloride crystals, which are kiln-dried. [81] A major source of salt is seawater, which has a salinity of approximately 3.5%. Learn more about salt in this article. [83], Elsewhere, salt is extracted from the vast sedimentary deposits which have been laid down over the millennia from the evaporation of seas and lakes. 1958. The AHA and the World Health Organization recommend not exceeding a daily sodium intake of 1,500 mg, or 1.5 g a day, or just over half a teaspoon of table salt. These include its use as a mordant in textile dying, to regenerate resins in water softening, for the tanning of hides, the preservation of meat and fish and the canning of meat and vegetables. [82] The world's oceans are a virtually inexhaustible source of salt, and this abundance of supply means that reserves have not been calculated.