Officially, they preferred to call it 'revival of palaeo-channels'. [12], Recent geophysical research suggests that the Ghaggar-Hakra system was a system of monsoon-fed rivers and that the Indus Valley Civilisation may have declined as a result of climatic change, when the monsoons that fed the rivers diminished at around the time civilisation diminished some 4,000 years ago.[13][d][14][15][16]. 'Election over': After weeks of delay, formal transition of power to Biden begin... Cyclone Nivar live: 49 flights scheduled for tomorrow cancelled, says IndiGo, Sounds strange, but there could be too many Covid-19 vaccines, Complete list of 43 apps banned by the govt, Uttar Pradesh: Shia cleric Maulana Kalbe Sadiq dies at 83. [23], Annette Wilke notes that the "historical river" Sarasvati was a "topographically tangible mythogeme", which was already reduced to a "small, sorry tickle in the desert", by the time of composition of the Hindu epics. [17][65], Others consider Sarasvati a mythical river, an allegory not a "thing". rgwd, in a proposal to the rgnmdw, outlined the utility of the project. Ajit Singh et al. Chauhan in Radhakrishna, B.P. Geochemical constraints", "Special Report: Battling for India's soul, state by state", "Hunt for mythical Saraswati river a test of history and science - india news - Hindustan Times", "On the existence of a perennial river in the Harappan heartland", "Fluvial landscapes of the Harappan civilization", Glaciological and geological source of Vedic Sarasvati in the Himalayas, "The River Saraswati was a Himalayan-born river", "Autochthonous Aryans? This is why the river Saraswati flows underground. [citation needed], Though Sarasvati initially emerged as a river goddess in the Vedic scriptures, in later Hinduism of the Puranas, she was rarely associated with the river. At places this groundwater appears at the surface as springs. Our aim is to bring you news, perspectives and knowledge to prepare you to change the world. We are a voice to you; you have been a support to us. Once confirmed that there is no obstructions in the flow of the water, the government proposes to flow in another 100 cusecs after a fortnight. Legend has it that the beautiful goddess Saraswati sprung from the forehead of her father Brahma, the god of creation. These experts will also look into deepening Kapalmochan and Ranmochan, two wells fed by Saraswati. The earliest Sararvati is said to be similar to the Helmand in Afghanistan which is called the Harakhwati in the Āvestā. Potential sources for this river include the Yamuna River, the Sutlej River, or both rivers. Gupta, S.P. Bridget and Raymond Allchin in The Rise of Civilization in India and Pakistan took the view that "The earliest Aryan homeland in India-Pakistan (Aryavarta or Brahmavarta) was in the Punjab and in the valleys of the Sarasvati and Drishadvati rivers in the time of the Rigveda. This would explain the very large number of channels buried underground. Puri and Verma 1998, Glaciological and geological source of Vedic Saraswati in the Himalayas. Radhakrishna, B.P. Further, a geophysical survey undertaken by the rgwd in the Tanot and Longewala areas indicated the existence of coarse sediments in the depth range of 30 to 60 metres pointing to the possibility of the existence of a river in the region. Besides, the geographical history of the now arid western Rajasthan points to the fact that the region used to be green and did not lack water resources. A team of scientists led by S M Rao of barc's isotope division studied the samples collected from different depths. [17] The later Rigvedic Sarasvati is only in the post-Rig Vedic Brahmanas said to disappear in the sands. Witzel: "The autochthonous theory overlooks that RV 3.33206 already speaks of a necessarily smaller Sarasvatī: the Sudås hymn 3.33 refers to the confluence of the Beas and Sutlej (Vipåś, Śutudrī). "The Harappan civilisation existed on the banks of the Saraswati. The Sarasvati River is perceived to be a great river with perennial water, which does not apply to the Hakra and Ghaggar. 2002. The groundwater today contains more tritium, a radioactive material, due to atmospheric nuclear tests conducted in the 1960s and 1970s by the us and the erstwhile ussr. The identification with the Ghaggar-Hakra system took on new significance in the early 21st century,[19] with some suggesting an earlier dating of the Rig Veda; renaming the Indus Valley Civilisation as the "Sarasvati culture", the "Sarasvati Civilization", the "Indus-Sarasvati Civilization" or the "Sindhu-Sarasvati Civilization,"[20][21][22] suggesting that the Indus Valley and Vedic cultures can be equated;[23] and rejecting the Indo-Aryan migrations theory, which postulates a migration at 1500 BCE. "[4][60][61] The description of the Sarasvati as the river of heavens, is interpreted to suggest its mythical nature. The most important hymns related to Sarasvati are RV 6.61, RV 7.95 and RV 7.96. [33] Only two of these references are unambiguously to the river: 10.64.9, calling for the aid of three "great rivers", Sindhu, Sarasvati and Sarayu; and 10.75.5, the geographical list of the Nadistuti sukta. Chauhan in Radhakrishna, B.P. The Saraswati river was revered and considered important for Hindus because it is said that it was on this river's banks, along with its tributary Drishadwati, in the Vedic state of Brahmavarta, that Vedic Sanskrit had its genesis, and important Vedic scriptures like initial part of Rigveda and several Upanishadswere supposed to have been composed by Vedic seers. Experts attempt to map the mythical river's palaeo-channels and put them to good use. [44] MB.3.81.115 locates the state of Kurupradesh or Kuru Kingdom to the south of the Sarasvati and north of the Drishadvati. Potential sources for this river include the Yamuna River, the Sutlej River, or both rivers. (2012), using dating of zircon sand grains, have shown that subsurface river channels near the Indus Valley Civilisation sites in Cholistan immediately below the presumed Ghaggar-Hakra channel show sediment affinity not with the Ghagger-Hakra, but instead with the Beas River in the western sites and the Sutlej and the Yamuna in the eastern ones, further weakening the hypothesis that the Ghaggar-Hakra was once a large river, but suggesting that the Yamuna itself, or a channel of the Yamuna, along with a channel of the Sutlej may have flowed west some time between 47,000 BCE and 10,000 BCE. [23], Romila Thapar points out that an alleged equation of the Indus Valley civilization and the carriers of Vedic culture stays in stark contrast to not only linguistic, but also archeological evidence. There also are plans to build three dams on the river route to keep it flowing perennially. "[107], An alternative suggestion for the identity of the early Rigvedic Sarasvati River is the Helmand River and its tributary Arghandab[1] in the Arachosia region in Afghanistan, separated from the watershed of the Indus by the Sanglakh Range. According to Misra, there are several dried out river beds (paleochannels) between the Sutlej and the Yamuna, some of them two to ten kilometres wide.