;o). When you are talking about where [something/someone] is in Spanish, you use the verb estar + [location]. Ser is used to classify and identify permanent or lasting attributes. refers to more permanent traits of someone or something, descriptions that are physical traits, which should not, under normal circumstances, change. 1. Let’s take a look at a couple of examples: Although both are verbs for "to be," estar and ser are seldom interchangeable, and that is true especially when they are used for location. Ser and estar 11 Terms. This lesson examines the other Spanish verb for “to be”: estar. In the example below, we use estar because we are referring to the particular churro that will only exist for that point in time in which it is in front of us before or just after we have eaten it: ¡Cuidado!When referring to food on a menu or the menu’s selection of food itself, we use ser instead of estar because we are instead making reference to food items that are static and don’t change. The verb estar has many uses! Check out the difference in the following two examples: In this first example, notice how we use ser for descriptions that are physical traits, which should not, under normal circumstances, change. Although an event takes place at a physical location, when speaking about events occurring at a specific point in time, you should use ser. The verb estar describes temporary conditions or states, location, and is used to conjugate the progressive tense (estar + gerundio). Conversely, the physical location of a party is definitely a part of the party’s identity. Estar is always used to talk about a person or object's location. However, when we use estar to describe the same attributes, they become associated with the short period of time in which the speaker is using them. My grandfather is out of it. When we use ser to describe the qualities or characteristics of a person, place, or thing, the meaning behind those descriptions are disassociated from time or duration. As you go through this guide, think of the way in which the uses of ser are permanent and the uses of estar are temporary.. (The terms aren't being used in a grammatical sense here.) Good question mate , Soy ( ser ) de Madrid, - I am from Madrid , I guess wherever I am I am still from Madrid , but the location of Caracas is Venezuela ( estar ) A Spanish native will come along and explain better than I have. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. A child is a child (ser), a young man is a young man (ser), but a dead person is a person, who happens to be in the state of being dead (estar). In Spanish, the verb ser is used to express different concepts. Ser is used to talk about permanent or lasting attributes.If this general rule is too vague for you, think of the acronym DOCTOR, which stands for Descriptions, Occupations, Characteristics, Time, Origin, and Relationships. SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. Estar is used to express a person or item’s geographic or physical location. This can be either a temporary or permanent location. Mónica es de España. Since you are studying ser/estar, this weekly practice game might be of interest to you: Ser and Estar Game Although both are verbs for "to be," estar and ser are seldom interchangeable, and that is true especially when they are used for location. Arnold está en Sacramento. The more you practice, the easier it will be for you to choose the right verb! 2020-10-23. This first tip is the guiding rule for figuring out when to use ser and estar. Ser is used to indicate permanent (or at least long term) attributes of a noun. The other is showing location of the city. Deciding when to use estar. Ella está en casa. Ser is used to describe qualities and characteristics, in the passive with ser + participle and in connection with adverbs of time. We are at the café right now and we will be at the movie theatre in 20 minutes. estar. gaps and mistakes. As you may already know, the main difference between ser and estar is that ser refers to more permanent traits of someone or something, while estar refers to transient conditions. A simple way to remember some of the uses of estar is to think of the mnemonic device (something that helps you remember information) LoCo, which stands for Locations and Conditions.