The spermaceti organ is unique to sperm whales. The upper jaw of the sperm whale doesn’t move at all, while the lower jaw can move widely. Join our monthly newsletter! Cetaceans have developed horizontal flukes that increase the propulsion area driven by the back muscles. Just for reference, a jet engine from 100 feet away produces about 140 decibels. Each of the eyes is the largest among the toothed whales, weighing about 170 g each.
They feed primarily on cephalopods, including the giant squid (Architeuthis dux). Britannia Kids Holiday Bundle! So, it’s extremely rare for humans to be attacked in such places due to no human and Sperm whale interactions at all. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Whales are warm-blooded and have a layer of blubber to protect themselves from the cold temperatures of the oceans. The stomach of the sperm whale is so big that it can have a food storing capacity of slightly less than 300 kgs. Sperm whales can live up to 60 years and baby whales (calves) are raised with their mothers a quarter of their life.

However, if you do a comparison between toothed and non-toothed whales, then it is pretty much clear that the Sperm Whale is the largest toothed whale on Earth. This post is written by Ronit Dey. The 3 groups of organisms that are considered cetaceans are whales, dolphins and porpoises. It’s actually cone-shaped and has a small amount of enamel at the ends of each teeth.

Select an item from the list on the right to compare related dimensions. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/animal/sperm-whale. The size of the lower jaw is about 7 to 7.5 feet in length and can open widely to create a gap of about 5 to 5.5 feet between the upper and the lower jaw very easily. The cornea is elliptical and the lens is spherical.

If the Blue whale is the largest animal on earth than the Sperm whale is the 4th largest animal on earth. But, then also, that’s just enough to burst your eardrums and cause death in many people and often body paralyzation too. Which Is More Poisonous: Frog or Toad? Une page de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. About 10 to 12 adult humans can be compared to the size of an adult African Elephant. It has a block-shaped head that can measure up to 1/3 of the whales’ overall size and length.

The eye of the sperm whale is the largest among the other toothed whales with an overall ellipsoid structure having a dimension of about 7 cm length, 7 cm breadth, and about 3 cm in thickness. The head constitutes one-third of the total body length and, it is estimated, greater than a third of the body weight. Another thing to note is that the sperm whale’s cerebrum portion of the brain is the largest in all mammals known so far. The lower jaw is long, narrow, and with about 20 to 26 pairs of teeth. For example, the Sperm whale has an average lifespan of 60 to 80 years while the Dwarf sperm whale has an average lifespan of 20 to 25 years. Other whales can typically hold their breath underwater for an average of 20 minutes to 1 hour. A comprehensive reference database of dimensioned drawings documenting the standard measurements and sizes of the everyday objects and spaces that make up our world. The threshold for human death is estimated to be in the sound range of 180 to 200 decibels.

Each of the lower jaw’s conical teeth is 10 to 20 cm long and 7 to 10 cm thick and each one can weigh as much as 0.9 to 1 kg at its best. The White Whale hunted in Herman Melville’s novel Moby Dick (1851) is presumably an albino sperm whale. It may close the nasal passages, act as a force pump for the bony nares, or serve in part as a hydrostatic organ by squeezing oil to one end or the other through contractions of its muscular sheath. All species of cetaceans are carnivores.

Sperm whales were once commercially valuable and were hunted for several centuries. Updates? Sperm whale, (Physeter catodon), also called cachalot, the largest of the toothed whales, easily recognized by its enormous square head and narrow lower jaw. The Antarctic Blue Whale is likely the largest animal on planet earth, with the largest scientifically cited size reaching 60 to 90 ft (18 to 27 m) in length. The male can grow to 50 ft (15.2 m) in length and can weigh up to 40,800 kgs approx. The lower jaw is usually equipped with 36 to 50 large conical teeth; the upper jaw holds a variable number of vestigial teeth that do not erupt. The head features an elaborately developed nose and upper lip where the fluid-filled spermaceti organ (which whalers called the case) is located; sperm oil and spermaceti were extracted from this fluid for lighting and lubrication. The smallest known brain of the sperm whale weighs about 14 lbs or 6.4 kgs. Their diet can range from fish, shrimp, larvae, plankton, crabs, krill, and squid to sea lions, walruses, seals, sharks, seabirds, and even other whales. This longest intestine is connected to the sperm whale’s four-chambered stomach. A whale’s diet depends on their size, social structure, habitat, species, and type (baleen or toothed). The sperm whale has the longest intestinal system in the world, exceeding 300 m in larger specimens. Young adults and female sperm whales tend to hang around the middle region of the planet, diving as deep as 6,000 (1,828 meters) feet to feed. In the wild, no such cases of killer whales attacking humans have been heard so far and it’s all because they are found in all deep oceans and not in shallow waters. Is a sperm whale bigger than a blue whale? The sperm whale has the largest brain of any living or extinct animal on planet earth known for far. And thus, from the above comparison chart, it can be pretty clearly seen that the Sperm Whale with a size range of about 35 to 60 ft (10.6 to 18 m) is the 4th largest Whale known so far. In comparison to other whales, the sperm whale has a very unique body and is unlikely to be confused with any other species of whale. Other theories suggest that it assists in the evacuation of the lungs prior to a deep dive, absorbs nitrogen at extreme underwater pressure, or acts as a buoyancy regulator to assist the whale while descending and ascending from deep dives.

The sperm whale is the fourth largest whale on the planet discovered so far.

The sperm whale is one of the largest living animals, but how did this magnificent mammal receive its curious name? Omissions?

And, at around 150 decibels your eardrums will burst. If the largest brain of the sperm whale is about 8,000 cubic centimeters, then our brain is only about 1300 cubic centimeters only. – (Explained in Detail), How are Sloths adapted to the rainforest? This specialist animal is able to easily dive over 2 km underwater to hunt for large prey like deep-sea squid. The size of the eye is contributed due to the size of hard and thick sclera layer that is 1 cm anteriorly and 3 cm posteriorly. The whale’s open mouth is not a sign of aggression. How genes are expressed for a particular trait? So, 230 decibels of the sperm whale’s sound in water can be equivalent to 170 decibels like in air. Scaled 2D drawings and 3D models available for download. And, as sound travels differently underwater than it does through air.

NOW 50% OFF! It is not uncommon for sperm whales to dive for an hour or more and then spend about 10 minutes at the surface breathing once every 10 seconds. The volume of the largest sperm whale’s brain is about 8,000 cubic centimeters weighing about 20 pounds or 9.2 kgs. The sperm whale is the largest toothed whale, with adult males measuring up to 20.7 metres (68 ft) long and weighing up to 80 tonnes (79 long tons; 88 short tons). For 3D Downloads of this element, upgrade to a Dimensions Pro Membership. Sperm whales seem to open their mouths very often. And, the sperm whale can produce 230 decibels of sound which is just deadly for humans. They can cruise at a speed of 4 knots (7.4 km/hr; 4.6 mph) and swim in spurts at up to 20 knots (37 km/hr; 23 mph). This means that around 40 to 60 humans beings can be compared to the size of an adult Sperm Whale.
Here, he has started sharing a lot of things that he has seen, learned, and researched so far related to Zoology. It is to be noted that the lower jaw of sperm whales is long and narrow. Meaning, that it’s louder in the air than in water. These cetaceans are found in temperate and tropical waters throughout the world, usually in pods (groups) of about 15 to 20; solitary males, however, may wander into colder regions. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The 3 groups are made of 89 species in total. They can reach a maximum weight of about 90,000 lbs or 40,800 kgs, with males growing much larger than the females. – (Adaptations of Jagu…. The cetacean order is further divided into 2 groups: toothed whales (odontocetes) that includes over 73 species and baleen whales (mysticetes) that is made up of 11 species.