[10][11] It has lower investment costs, and lower overall maintenance requirements. The color strawberry with hexadecimal color code #fc5a8d is a medium light shade of pink. Performs well in plasticulture and in the matted-row system. In the HSL color space #fc5a8d has a … [55], As strawberry flavor and fragrance are characteristics that may appeal to consumers,[56][57][58] they are used widely in a variety of manufacturing, including foods, beverages, confections, perfumes and cosmetics. AAES (Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station). [50], Purple minor pigments consisting of dimeric anthocyanins (flavanol-anthocyanin adducts : catechin(4α→8)pelargonidin 3-O-β-glucopyranoside, epicatechin(4α→8)pelargonidin 3-O-β-glucopyranoside, afzelechin(4α→8)pelargonidin 3-O-β-glucopyranoside and epiafzelechin(4α→8)pelargonidin 3-O-β-glucopyranoside) can also be found in strawberries. No particular susceptibility to pests, leaf, or fruit diseases. By using this website you agree to this. Includes Eros, Providence, Linn, Selva, and Rapella. Produces one of the highest yeilds of the day-neutral strawberry varieties. Runnerless, must be seed-propagated. Moderately resistant to powdery mildew (Podosphaera aphanis) but susceptible to wilt (Verticillium dahliae) and crown rot (Phytophthora cactorum). Create a unique name, email login, brand or domain name of the website with a few mouse clicks. This code is composed of a hexadecimal FC red (252/256), a 5A green (90/256) and a 8D blue component (141/256). Produces white strawberries with red "seeds" (achenes). This variety is considered an oddity. A Strawberry is a 2 to 5 centimeter long, red, plump and heart shaped berry. In Greece, strawberries may be sprinkled with sugar and then dipped in Metaxa, a brandy, and served as a dessert. A virtually allergen-free cultivar named 'Sofar' is available. There is no commercial value for this species. [70][71], Demonstration of strawberry growth lifecycle timelapse, List of Lepidoptera that feed on strawberry plants, "Wimbledon's strawberries and cream has Tudor roots", "G6135 Home Fruit Production: Strawberry Cultivars and Their Culture", "Strawberry Plasticulture Offers Sweet Rewards", "Strawberry Production Basics: Matted Row", Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, "Proper Cultivation Yields Strawberry Fields Forever", "10 facts about Florida strawberries that might surprise you", "Strawberries in winter? Susceptible to angular leaf spot and Botrytis. Good resistance to red stele and intermediate resistance to Verticillium wilt. The variety has also shown tolerance to vine weevil (Otiorhynchus sulcatas) and has good resistance to wilt (Verticillium dahliae) and crown rot (Phytophthora cactorum). Some resistance to crown rot (Phytophthora cactorum). [17], Research published in 2001 showed that strawberries actually occur in three basic flowering habits: short-day, long-day, and day-neutral. The heart of this page is the List of Strawberry Varieties / Cultivars below. It is especially well suited to the upper Piedmont and Mountain regions of North Carolina. Click on link at beginning of row for details. When propagating strawberries, one should avoid using the same soil or containers that were previously used for strawberry cultivation. Cultivation follows one of two general models—annual plasticulture,[10] or a perennial system of matted rows or mounds. [6], Strawberry cultivars vary widely in size, color, flavor, shape, degree of fertility, season of ripening, liability to disease and constitution of plant. [30] The fruits are subject to damage from gray mold, rhizopus rot, and leather rot. Signed non-propagation agreement may be required before shipment due to patent laws. [16] One plant throughout a season may produce 50 to 60 times or roughly once every three days. In Italy, strawberries are used for various desserts and as a common flavoring for gelato (gelato alla fragola). [7] On average, a strawberry has about 200 seeds on its external membrane. The harvesting and cleaning process has not changed substantially over time. Tart berries best used for jams and jellies. One of the heirloom strawberry varieties. In most cases, the flowers appear hermaphroditic in structure, but function as either male or female. Resistant to red stele, and tolerant of leaf diseases. You can sort it according to each of the categories to better find exactly which Widely adapted variety for plasticulture or matted-row production. This variety is considered an oddity and has one large leaflet instead of the normal three. Runnerless, must be seed-propagated. Also known as the woodland strawberry, fraises des bois, wild strawberry, alpine strawberry. It is especially well suited to the upper Piedmont and Mountain regions of North Carolina. [54], Pelargonidin-3-glucoside is the major anthocyanin in strawberries and cyanidin-3-glucoside is found in smaller proportions. Delia does not have strong resistance to any of the common strawberry diseases. Strawberries may also be propagated by seed, though this is primarily a hobby activity, and is not widely practiced commercially. Strong resistance to powdery mildew. [24], Soil test information and plant analysis results are used to determine fertility practices. [27][28] The caterpillars of a number of species of Lepidoptera feed on strawberry plants. [26] In large operations, strawberries are cleaned by means of water streams and shaking conveyor belts. Resistant to crown rot, most fruit rot, two-spotted spider mites, powdery mildew. Moderately tolerant to mildew (Oidium fragariae) and has a low susceptibility to Colletotrichum acutatum. Moderately resistant to powdery mildew. Suonenjoki in North Savonia, Finland is famous small town for its strawberries, that's why is also known as "the Strawberry Town" or "the Strawberry Capital". [30] The crown and roots may fall victim to red stele, verticillium wilt, black root rot, and nematodes. The selection of different varieties can extend the season in both directions. (Sivetta x Holiday) x (Karina x Primella). Good runner production. Well-suited for southern planting. No particular susceptibility to pests. [3] Prior to this, wild strawberries and cultivated selections from wild strawberry species were the common source of the fruit. Strawberry, genus of more than 20 species of flowering plants in the rose family (Rosaceae) and their edible fruit. Sometimes has enormous berries of the Fressant type. Alternatively they can be planted in pots or special planters using compost. Susceptible to Botrytis and crown rot. We can also define a color by hue, saturation and value (HSV). No strong resistance to any of the common strawberry diseases. In the RGB color model #fc5a8d is comprised of 98.82% red, 35.29% green and 55.29% blue. In addition to being consumed fresh, strawberries can be frozen or made into jam or preserves,[45] as well as dried and used in prepared foods, such as cereal bars. The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-. The addition of manure and a balanced fertilizer aids strong growth. Long, round conic shape with a fancy calyx makes them very attractive. Two subspecies of F. vesca were identified: F. sylvestris alba and F. sylvestris semperflorens. [56] In 2017, strawberries alone were a $3.5 billion market of which 82% was for fresh fruit. The combination of strawberries and cream was created by Thomas Wolsey in the court of King Henry VIII. Susceptible to Phytophthora crown rot. Also known as the Hautbois Strawberry or Hautboy Strawberry. Modern strawberries have complex octaploid genetics (8 sets of chromosomes),[65] a trait favoring DNA extractions. [51][52] Other polyphenols present include flavonoids, such as anthocyanins, flavanols, flavonols and phenolic acids, such as hydroxybenzoic acid and hydroxycinnamic acid. Department of Primary Industries - Knoxfield, Victoria, Australia. [66] Strawberries suffer from severe inbreeding depression, and most cultivars are highly heterozygous. Very sesceptible to leaf scorch and powdery mildew. Strawberries have been sequenced to display 7,096 genes. Basic colors: black , blue , brown , gray , green , orange , pink , purple , red , white , yellow Good resistance to Verticillium Wilt, Crown Rot and Grey Mold. A very vigorous plant with no apparent foliage issues. ", "Production Guide for Commercial Strawberries", "Commercial Postharvest Handling of Strawberries (, "Insect Pests of Strawberries and Their Management", "Radcliffe's IPM World Textbook | CFANS | University of Minnesota", "Strawberries are Now the Most Contaminated Produce", "RHS Plant Selector Fragaria × ananassa 'Cambridge Favourite' (F) AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Fragaria × ananassa 'Hapil' (F) AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Fragaria × ananassa 'Honeoye' (F) AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Fragaria × ananassa 'Pegasus' PBR (F) AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Fragaria × ananassa 'Rhapsody' (F) AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Fragaria × ananassa 'Symphony' PBR (F) AGM / RHS Gardening", "Strawberry production in 2017, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", President Niinistö on virtual visits to Suonenjoki and Seinäjoki: Municipalities have shown their ability to respond and adapt, "Nutrition Facts and Analysis for Strawberries, raw, 100 g; USDA Nutrient Database, SR-21", "The structure, occurrence and biological activity of ellagitannins: a general review", "Fisetin: a dietary antioxidant for health promotion", "How Driscoll's reinvented the strawberry", "Comparative analysis of fruit aroma patterns in the domesticated wild strawberries, "Preferences for commercial strawberry drinkable yogurts among African American, Caucasian, and Hispanic consumers in the United States", "How Flavor Chemists Make Your Food So Addictively Good", "2014 Flavor Trends: Yogurt's Fruitful Union", "Framing the perfect strawberry: An exercise in consumer-assisted selection of fruit crops", "Strawberry flavor: Diverse chemical compositions, a seasonal influence, and effects on sensory perception", "A Sensory and Chemical Analysis of Fresh Strawberries Over Harvest Dates and Seasons Reveals Factors that Affect Eating Quality", "Dissection of the octoploid strawberry genome by deep sequencing of the genomes of fragaria species", "Generation and analysis of ESTs from strawberry (, "Occupational allergy in strawberry greenhouse workers", "The chemistry of strawberry allergy (includes 'Sofar' reference)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Strawberry&oldid=989996972, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2013, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 November 2020, at 05:29.