The subjunctive mood is used to talk about things that are subjective and/or possible, but not certain. (I am happy that the pyramid has been restored.) The main point of the second example is the speaker's reaction to the event, so the subjunctive is used. Explanation: The indicative is used in the first sentence because it is a direct statement of fact. The subjunctive is used in dependent clauses after expressions of will, desire, and orders whenever there are two different subjects in the two clauses linked by the subordinating conjunction que. This includes things like doubts, wishes, recommendations, unknowns, and opinions about the likelihood of other events occurring. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. The imperative mood is characterized by making demands and giving direct orders. Even if the tense were to change to, let’s say, the preterite tense “I ate eggs on Sunday” (Yo comí huevos el domingo) it is still considered to be in the indicative mood as it remains a statement of fact. It surprises me that he/she didn’t come to the going-away dinner. Subjunctive: Estoy feliz que la pirámide se haya reconstruido. This includes things like facts, descriptions, and scheduled events. A menos de que estés en casa… All Rights Reserved, Subjunctive, Indicative, and Imperative Moods in Spanish. Putting It All Together. These can be in the form of subjective statements and opinions as well as desires, hopes and wishes. Example: María visita a su abuelo todos los domingos. The indicative mood is the most frequently used out of the three and thus it is the first one to learn at the basic Spanish level. - Unless you know how to fix this computer, we're going to have to call an expert. It refers to the different ways in which the action of a verb can be expressed. Let's go back to our initial example and see if you can figure it out using the … Below are examples of the most common scenarios and verbs that can trigger the present subjunctive Spanish. Now that you have a solid understanding of the various moods in Spanish you can more easily express yourself like a native speaker! Lastly, the imperative mood is to give orders or demands and is only conjugated in the present tense. The indicative mood is used to talk about things that are objective and/or certain. 2. examples Yo quiero que tú limpies el baño. For instance: a menos que ''unless'', antes (de) que ''before'', en caso de que ''in case'', para que ''so that'', tal vez ''maybe'', among others. Aside from the imperative mood, which is only conjugated in the present tense, all tenses can be conjugated differently in both the indicative and subjunctive moods. The subjunctive mood is characterized by expressing actions or ideas that are hypothetical and not concrete. Pronunciation: sub-JUNG-tif mood When To Use Present Subjunctive Spanish. To express wishes: I wish that you come to my party – Deseo que vengan a mi fiesta; We wish that you come to our wedding – Deseamos que vengas a … Example Sentences for the Subjunctive Mood: Me sorprende que no haya venido a la cena de despedida. Here is a list of common verbs expressing will and desire: 1. Only the present tense is used to express the imperative mood. The following verbs are normally expressed in the subjunctive mood by making a subjunctive clause with with the word que (that) followed by a second verb conjugated in the subjunctive: Aside from the common verbs used with the subjunctive, here are some other expressions that trigger the subjunctive mood: Example Sentences for the Subjunctive Mood: Me sorprende que no haya venido a la cena de despedida. Mood is a grammatical concept that organizes verb tenses. Example Sentences for the Imperative Mood: As a quick review, remember that the indicative mood is used to talk about actions and events that are real, while the subjunctive mood is used to talk about hypothetical situations and ideas.