If all men were well off, if poverty and disease had been reduced to their lowest possible point, there would still remain much to be done to produce a valuable society; and even in the existing world the goods of the mind are at least as important as the goods of the body. Are they not supposed to provide mechanisms that ensure that people belief in God (who others have proved to exist)? The value of philosophy is, in fact, to be sought largely in its very uncertainty. To protect the anonymity of contributors, we've removed their names and personal information from the essays. Bertrand Russell. But if you put the same question to a philosopher, he will, if he is candid, have to confess that his study has not achieved positive results such as have been achieved by other sciences. Hence, once more, the value of philosophy must not depend upon any supposed body of definitely ascertainable knowledge to be acquired by those who study it. This book Logical Reasoning by Bradley H. Dowden is licensed under a Creative Commons AttributionNonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. William Paley – On The Teleological Argument, 18. His specific work titled, The Problems of Philosophy discusses the many things that he believes is wrong with the way people think, act towards, treat, and study philosophy as a whole. theory, the evolution of one of its concepts, or a problem that runs through Every Cambridge student had to start up the first part of his or her degree with mathematics or classics. The essays in our library are intended to serve as content examples to inspire you as you write your own essay. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. 6). An Introduction to Western Ethical Thought: Aristotle, Kant, Utilitarianism, 40. Is consciousness a permanent part of the universe, giving hope of indefinite growth in wisdom, or is it a transitory accident on a small planet on which life must ultimately become impossible? Philosophic contemplation, when it is unalloyed, does not aim at proving that the rest of the universe is akin to humanity. Decision Theory Ayer.As Ayer writes, “The popular conception of a philosopher as one who combines universal learning with the direction of human conduct was more nearly satisfied by Bertrand Russell than by any other philosopher of our time” (1972a, 127). The ‘practical’ man, as this word is often used, is one who recognizes only material needs, who realizes that men must have food for the body, but is oblivious of the necessity of providing food for the mind. In Simon Blackburn’s essay it starts off with example of Bertrand Russell. Alexander George says Philosophy can be done at a dinner table or just about anywhere, you can do it with your friends and family. Lenin in 1920 | I think that the two authors have different point of views when it comes to their idea of philosophy. This allows our team to focus on improving the library and adding new essays. Obstacles to critical thinking: This view, if our previous discussions were correct, is untrue; but in addition to being untrue, it has the effect of robbing philosophic contemplation of all that gives it value, since it fetters contemplation to Self. This is a philosophical concept of “realism”. Thus, to a great extent, the uncertainty of philosophy is more apparent than real: those questions which are already capable of definite answers are placed in the sciences, while those only to which, at present, no definite answer can be given, remain to form the residue which is called philosophy. Throughout his life, Russell rearranged himself as a liberal, a socialite and a radical, however, never consented to adjust any of these cannily. For more information on choosing credible sources for your paper, check out this blog post. Russell criticizes this view by asserting that it emanates from misconceptions of the goods philosophy seeks to achieve. In the example it talks about a “teapot flying in its own extraterrestrial orbit around the sun”(Blackburn 2). He makes the point that goods of the mind are as important in life as goods of the body, claims states that religious clothing is practical disposition and the second claims that there is not ontology. Historical art pieces give a glance of early, of the ontological argument for the existence of God, which is to say that several versions exist. In office But if you put the same question to a philosopher, he will, if he is candid, have to confess that his study has not achieved positive results such as have been achieved by other sciences. 3). Its object is to attempt and explain why such categorizations exist. Linguistically the word philosophy comes from the Greek term philosophia, meaning “the love of wisdom.” Wisdom can be defined as the quality of having experience, knowledge, and good judgment.