If you plan on visiting the archaeological site of the Acropolis, we suggest you take the time to check up-to-date information about opening hours and ticket prices at the official website of the Ministry of Culture and Sports.Tip! The Parthenon was dedicated to Parthenos Maria (the Virgin Mary), was later re-named Panagia Athiniotissa (Virgin of Athens) and served as the city's cathedral in the eleventh century. Home > Greece > Athens > Acropolis & Parthenon Updated: June 28, 2020. Later on, the Parthenon was used as a treasury, then it was turned into a Christian church, like many other Greek temples, and it was also converted into a mosque during the XV century. Today, you can only see their copies, while the original ones are kept in the Acropolis museum, except one that is kept in London. The Acropolis Museum in just around the corner from the metro station, and the Acropolis is roughly a 15-minute walk away. Also watch the movie they show on the top level of the museum. The Turks built houses on the Acropolis and used various buildings for ammunition depots. ): the Acropolis witnessed its golden age and the main monuments were built (the Parthenon, the Propylaea and the Temple of Athena Nike). After the liberation of Greece, the monuments of the Acropolis came under the care of the newly founded Greek state. *Please keep in mind that having a prepurchased ticket in hand will help you skip the lines at the ticket office, but the Acropolis rock itself may still be quite crowded. It is only partially accessible for disabled people and you can examine the accessible part here. and its inauguration took place in 438 BC. Poseidon hit the ground with his trident creating a powerful and fast horse that could win all the battles, while Athena hit the ground with her spear creating an olive tree to give oil and food to people and to cure wounds. It’s visible from many other neighborhoods of the city, especially when it is lit up at night. The Acropolis is an elevated plateau that is actually comprised of many buildings. A Complete Guide to Visiting the Acropolis in Athens, Where to buy your ticket for the Acropolis, When is the best time to visit the Acropolis, Visiting the Acropolis with mobility issues, Practical tips for visiting the Acropolis. These young women weaved the peplos of the goddess for the Panathenaic festival and took part in initiation rituals. Dionysus was the protector of wine and it is said that the first theatrical performances in history originated from the celebrations held in Athens in his honor. The best seasons to visit Athens are autumn and spring, when the weather is mild and sunny. 8. Who is entitled to free access to the Acropolis? Visiting the Acropolis of Athens requires some preparation. Of course, you can always opt for a self-guided tour, but in our opinion the Acropolis is one the places where you benefit the most from a knowledgeable guide. Context uses cookies to give you the best possible service. Another peculiarity was the existence of a frieze that surrounded the nave along its entire length and is, perhaps, the most obvious of the Ionic influences. To make the sun's rays even more intense, there's white rock reflecting light at every angle making it super bright up there. The Acropolis of the fifth century BC is the most accurate reflection of the splendour, power and wealth of Athens at its greatest peak, the golden age of Perikles. It is my favorite tour in Athens as it combines history and mythology and it is also interesting for kids. The heat and the crowds in middle of the day in the summer can be intense at the Acropolis. Although most depictions of the goddess Athena Nike showed her having wings - as most representations of Victory deities in, On the right-hand side, the absolute architectural masterpiece of antiquity is erected: the, It is the literal representation of the golden ratio, as everything in the Parthenon is built in the mathematically perfect analogy of about 1.61. It was built of limestone covered with marble in 420 B.C. Around the V century, some wooden benches were placed there to let people watch the first plays, then a stone staircase and an altar were built and finally a real theater hosting the first classical tragedies. The rock is so warn down from centuries of heavy traffic, I was slipping around up there with my shoes with no traction. Therefore, if you’re a foodie, we highly suggest you take part in the ‘Acropolis Delights: Acropolis & Athens Food Tour’, a 4-hour walking tour that is the perfect blend of history,  mythology, culture, and gastronomy. Continuing your tour in the Acropolis, walk up the staircase that leads up to the main area of the sanctuary through the impressive towering columns of Propylaea. The Athenians buried the surviving sculptures and votive offerings inside natural cavities of the sacred rock, thus forming artificial terraces, and fortified the Acropolis with two new walls, the wall of Themistokles along the northern side and that of Kimon on the south. At one point under Ottoman rule, the Parthenon functioned as a mosque; at another during the Morean War, it served as place to store gunpowder. There's so much to learn and see! This is a once in a lifetime experience and you don’t want to rush it. So interesting! Once you are up here, there is nowhere to take cover from lightning, should it occur. Get a comprehensive view with one of Context's private or small group tours in Athens! It was dedicated to Athena Polias who was the patron goddess of the city. Dedicated to Athena Parthenos, it was erected under Perikles replacing two earlier temples dedicated to the same goddess. One of these, the so-called Beulé Gate, named after the nineteenth century French archaeologist who investigated it, is preserved to this day. To the right of the Propylaea, high, on the roof of the old Mycenaean palace, at the southwestern end of the Acropolis, you can find the small and graceful temple of Athena Nike. In the XIX century, it was plundered by Lord Elgin who took away many pieces of art and marble decorations that are still displayed in the British Museum. Wear comfortable shoes, since you’ll have to walk for a long time and the ground can get slippery and dusty, In summer, remember to wear your sunglasses and a hat and to bring some sunscreen with you. Note: This post on mistakes to avoid when visiting the Acropolis is a guest post by Monique Skidmore of Trip Anthropologist.