I intend to start playing tennis. An infinitive is a verb that functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb in order to express an opinion, purpose of an object or action, or answer the questions who, what, or why.. An infinitive usually begins with the word “to” and is followed by the base form of a verb (the simple form of the verb that you would find in the dictionary).. Get to know the infinitive and all its qualities, quirks and uses here. An infinitive is a verb form in which no one is performing the action. 1.1. The infinitive as a subordinate verb This is the most common use of the infinitive. Grammar In English, the word to always precedes the infinitive; for example, to speak and to dance are infinitives. 1 Linking two verbs together. It is the unconjugated form of the verb. The French infinitive form of a verb is actually a mode. All rights reserved. An infinitive verb is not conjugated, it has no personal pronoun. It has two tenses: present – AIMER – to love. French verbs with the preposition À . When to use the infinitive in French. Our tips from experts and exam survivors will help you through. The French infinitive can be used in several different ways without any conjugation. Present infinitive mode – L’infinitif. Infinitive is the base form of the verb. ©2020 Reverso-Softissimo. The infinitive form of a verb in French translates roughly as 'to + verb' in English. French verbs and prepositions . To ensure the quality of comments, you need to be connected. Vi og partnerne våre lagrer og/eller får tilgang til informasjon på enheten din gjennom bruk av informasjonskapsler og lignende teknologier for å vise annonser og innhold som er persontilpasset, for måling av annonser og innhold, for å få publikumsinnsikt og for produktutvikling. Premium Material. For example parler (to speak), finir (to finish), and vendre […] informasjon om enheten din og Internett-tilkoblingen, blant annet IP-adressen, surfe- og søkeaktivitet ved bruk av Verizon Medias nettsteder og apper. The infinitive is the form of the verb that is found in the dictionary, such as donner (meaning to give), finir (meaning to finish) and attendre (meaning to wait). – Eating vegetables is good for your health. What is the infinitive mode in French? To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'Godtatt', or select 'Administrer innstillinger' for more information and to manage your choices, including objecting to partners processing your personal data for their own legitimate interests. . Tenses. L’infinitif is an impersonal verb form (like the gerund and the past participle) that is used after certain words and phrases.In addition to following a verb, the infinitive often follows the prepositions à and de.. Lots of common French verbs, used in any tense, are followed immediately by an infinitive. Vocabulary Lists In French, there are three main groups of infinitive endings: The infinitive is usually translated in English as ‘to + verb’, but it can also be a verb without ‘to’, or a verb ending with ‘-ing’. . Home Economics: Food and Nutrition (CCEA). Read about our approach to external linking. Du kan lese mer om hvordan vi bruker informasjonen din, i retningslinjene for personvern og retningslinjene for informasjonskapsler. Sign in, choose your GCSE subjects and see content that's tailored for you. In french there are 3 main groups of verbs, Er ending verbs like parler, manger etc. It has two tenses: In English, the infinitive form always uses ‘to’: to love, to speak. The infinitive mode is used to define a verb as a non-conjugated form. Example: avoir l’intention + de + infinitif → J’ai l’intention d’ apprendre à jouer au tennis. Infinitives can also be the subject of a sentence, where in English a verb with ‘-ing’ would be used. The infinitive, the imperative, the present participle, the present subjunctive, the perfect infinitive and the passive voice are French verb forms. - He would prefer to study at the library. ALWAYS STAY SIGNED IN to access all of your worksheets in one click. How and when is it used? infinitif où un adverbe est intercalé entre "to" et le verbe, Translation English - French Collins Dictionary. What is an infinitive verb? The French infinitive, which always ends in –er, –ir, or –re, serves as the name of any given verb. What is a tense? The French infinitive is a basic part of grammar, but it's got lots more to it. You can complete the translation of infinitive given by the English-French Collins dictionary with other dictionaries such as: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Larousse dictionary, Le Robert, Oxford, Grévisse, English-French dictionary : translate English words into French with online dictionaries. It has one of the following endings: –ER in AIMER – called ‘verbes du 1ier groupe’, –IR in FINIR – those –IR verbs that happen to have a past participle in –I and a present participle in –issant are called ‘verbes du 2ième groupe’, –OIR in S’ASSEOIR – are called ‘verbes du 3ième groupe’, –RE in PRENDRE – are also called ‘verbes du 3ième groupe’. – Today’s French at FrenchHour, Les continents – Today’s French at FrenchHour, Candide ou L’Optimisme – Quiz at FrenchHour, Ask a Question – Today’s French at FrenchHour, Les copains d’abord – Chanson française at FrenchHour, Practice – Subjunctive or indicative? The infinitive, the imperative, the present participle, the present subjunctive, the perfect infinitive and the passive voice are French verb forms. Because the infinitive has no number or person marker, it’s known as an impersonal verb mood. In French, infinitive verbs always end in either er, re, or ir. ; There are three main ways that verbs can be linked together: infinitive : choisir = to choose.....adorer = to adore ,,,,when not conjugated yet = infinitive Re ending verbs like attendre, entendre etc. It is the word "to" followed by a verb. Mon père choisit du poisson. Ir ending verbs like grandir, finir etc. Translations in context of "an infinitive" in English-French from Reverso Context: In the second sentence, we have used an infinitive instead of a place (and notice that it undergoes mutation). The French infinitive is a single word with one of the following endings: -er, -ir, or -re: parler, voir, rendre. For example: Manger des légumes est bon pour la santé. Grammar exercise about the nonpersonal forms of the verb: Exercice de grammaire sur les formes personnelles du verbe: l'. It’s what you look up in dictionaries and verb conjugation tables, so it’s important to learn the infinitive of every new verb you see or hear. For example: Translate the following sentences into English. Continue with a lot more detail in the Premium worksheet, Brutal death of an 18 year-old – Crime – Read along, Practice translating TO DO and TO MAKE in French, https://www.frenchetc.org/wp-content/fichiers/nouveau/infinitive-mode.mp3, en avoir marre – Mot du jour at FrenchHour, Jour or Journée ? at FrenchHour, QUE vs. CE QUE – Today’s French at French Hour, La maison de France et Henri – Today’s French at FrenchHour, la tablette de chocolat – French expression. of a sentence, where in English a verb with ‘-ing’ would be used. So when you introduce an agent, there's a kind of conflict between the "normal" active verb, where à would tend to be used, and a passive with an agent. You can learn these verbs in detail by clicking here. FRENCH ETC Topics You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. , are followed immediately by an infinitive. The infinitive is the basic, unconjugated form of a verb. Yahoo er en del av Verizon Media. Related: What is a mode? To take some examples from the above dialogue: A number of common verbs in French, such as aimer, vouloir, détester, pouvoir, souhaiter, can be followed directly with a verb complement in the infinitive… French verbs with the preposition DE . The infinitive, or L'infinitif in french, is the basic form of a verb. there is no infinitive in this sentence , both verbs are conjugated. 'infinitive' found in translations in French-English dictionary, You want to reject this entry: please give us your comments (bad translation/definition, duplicate entries...), English Portuguese translation in context, Free: Learn English, French and other languages, Reverso Documents: translate your documents online, Learn English watching your favourite videos, All English-French translations from our dictionary, Le mouvement de Telekinetic se produit avec une vitesse d', Page 1 2 3 Voici quelques verbes à la forme. Il adore les fruits de mer. The infinitive mode is used to define a verb as a non-conjugated form. The infinitive is found as a subordinate verb (following a first verb) or as a noun. infinitive translation in English - French Reverso dictionary, see also 'split infinitive',infinite',infinitely',infinity', examples, definition, conjugation split infinitive, infinite, infinitely, infinity, With Reverso you can find the English translation, definition or synonym for infinitive and thousands of other words. We usually learn French verbs in the infinitive, since that is what you start with to conjugate them.