to encourage branching and to better distribute the blooms on the floricanes. Pick your berries early in the day, when they're at their coolest, to reduce perishability. Two systems are most common: a simple, two-wire/two-level trellis (Fig. , canteloupe, dandelion greens, eggplant, figs, honeydew melon, garlic, green garlic, some kale, lemon balm, malabar spinach, mint, onions, okra, oregano, peaches, sage, swiss chard, tarragon, tomatillos, tomatoes, watermelon, zucchini. Texas Blackberry and Blueberry Season Texas blackberries and blueberries are here . New blackberry growers should consider experimenting with all three types to learn which grows and fruits best in their area, and which they prefer to maintain. Theme images by. Commercial blackberry plants should be trellised to make it easier to control weeds, prevent diseases, and hand harvest the fruit. have been introduced in Texas only recently, and their potential for long-term performance is not well understood. Written by three of Texas A&M’s finest horticulturists, it covers all the details. harden. Mature blackberry plants can produce 5,000 to 10,000 pounds per acre per year, and fresh fruit commands good prices. With appropriate watering, they can be established in fall, winter, or spring. For trailing plants, you will need to remove all but the strongest six to 12 canes, which will produce fruit the following year. Click below to see what’s typically in season each month, or visit the Lakeline or Mueller Facebook page on Fridays to see what vendors are bringing that weekend. Begin irrigating in March or April, paying careful attention to watering well during the bloom and early fruit-sizing periods, continue watering through the harvest period, and reduce it by September to slow new growth and to allow the canes to. **Or, try some blueberries in a salad made with local lettuce and Texas pecans. Blackberries do not continue to ripen after harvest—their flavor is best when they are fully mature, having changed color from red to glossy black to dull black at maturity. Blackberries can be grown anywhere in US department of Agriculture Hardiness Zones 7, 8 and 9 (Fig.4.). Most of the varieties for Texas are semi-erect to erect. You have to wait until the second year, because most cultivars produce their berries on second-year canes. Blackberry Facts and Tips. Varieties that require more chilling hours should be grown only in northern Texas. 10) is caused by bacteria. Selective chemical herbicides can be used  to control grass and weeds in established blackberry plantings. Most of the varieties for Texas are semi-erect to erect. Although the growth is generally upright, a heavy fruit crop can cause the floricanes to bend over and touch the ground. are generally most productive and bear larger fruit than do the thornless types, although fruit of ‘Apache’ and ‘Natchez’ compare well to many thorny varieties. Although blackberries have some challenging diseases and insect pests, they produce well for growers who follow Earth-Kind® orchard principles. New commercial plantings should be made from disease-free stock obtained from traditional nurseries or tissue-culture labs. The varieties that live longest in Texas are those that were developed here. If soil pH is over 8.0, black. You can pick peaches, nectarines, and blackberries from about mid-May to mid-July. Afield With Chef Jesse Griffiths (podcast), A Childhood Chocolate Favorite - An Editorial Photo Shoot and Foodstyling Project, Braised Turnips, Mindfulness & Island Adventures, It's an Itchy Little World - Great Blog about Allergies, Eczema & Asthma, Eating Local Resources from Johnson's Backyard Garden, Slow Food's Time for Lunch Campaign for Healthy School Lunches. 9). Other nutrients may be deficient occasionally. Fruit and Nut Resources, Aggie Horticulture®:  http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/fruit-nut, Texas Plant Disease Handbook, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service:  http://plantdiseasehandbook.tamu.edu/, Download a printer-friendly version of this publication: Texas Fruit and Nut Production: Blackberries. If soil pH is over 8.0, blackberries can exhibit interveinal chlorosis (leaf yellowing between the veins) from iron deficiency, which is corrected by applying iron chelate products to the soil and/or foliage. Weed-barrier fabrics may also be used in strips to retard weed growth. Blackberries have two types of canes: primocanes, which grow during the current season (Fig. Both organic and fabric mulches help retain soil moisture and cool the soil in the summer, which enhance plant growth and development. They should be regularly tip-pruned—pinched or pruned back a few inches—to prevent the canes from growing too long and to encourage many short floricanes to form. If the soil drains slowly, plant the blackberries on raised beds or berms (mounded planting rows), which will enable the soil to dry faster and help keep water from ponding near the crown of the plant.