It has a pronaos, a cella and an opisthodomos. It was built from Pentelic marble, while its sculptures are made of Parian marble. From the 7th century until 1834, it served as the Greek Orthodox church of Saint George Akamates. The east end of the enclosure is open, allowing the rising sun to illuminate the altar at the west end of the cella. Otto ordered the building to be used as a museum, in which capacity it remained until 1934, when it reverted to its status of an ancient monument and extensive archaeological research was allowed. The many layers of civilization built upon the Agora are still under excavation. It had served as a museum until 1934, when it returned to its status of an ancient monument. Or take No. The many layers of civilization built upon the Agora are still under excavation. It's hard to find really good examples of Greek temples built in the Doric order, so when we find one it's really exciting. I was a history major in College, so…really enjoying your blog. Allan. Only 18 of the 68 metopes of the temple of Hephaestus were sculptured, concentrated especially on the east side of the temple; the rest were perhaps painted. I hope to get to Italy some day as well! 14. That was why it was dedicated to the god of smiths and metallurgy, Hephaestus. In 1834, the first King of Greece, Otto I, was officially welcomed there. There is also an inner Doric colonnade with five columns on the north and south side and three across the end (with the corner columns counting twice). We do not have any affiliates with any of these nor do we receive any commission for recomending a place. To move around, click and drag the map with your mouse. Little of the pediment sculpture has survived, but some fragments are on display in the Stoa of Attalus. © 2020 SpottingHistory.com. On the west side the sculptures depict the fall of Troy. In addition, the northern and the southern sides reflect the four labours of Theseus that probably caused people to call this temple "Thisio". This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The Temple of Hephaestus is located (as mentioned above) in the same place as: The ancient market of Athens, The Stoa of Attalos. Then I’m on to South Carolina!! Therefore, you can come here at any day and hour (within the working hours) and never find yourself in a crowd of curious people. It includes top 10 places for restaurants, things to see, shopping, etc. Reconstruction and excavation works are still carried out. Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Greece. In the course of excavations, it was found that this temple was the "Hephaesteion", that was a place of worshipping the god Hephaestus. The ten metopes on the east side depict the Labours of Heracles. Its identification is based on a mention by Polybius (I, 18, 2), who states that the temple was "in front of the city", one mile away. In addition, the website, which presents archaeological sites that have received the status of European heritage, is available for the blind people and for weak-sighted people. In addition, Hephaestus is also the God of fire and volcanoes. Among those buried in the site was John Tweddel, a friend of Lord Elgin, while excavations also revealed a slab from the grave of George Watson with a Latin epitaph by Lord Byron. The tickets to the temple are also valid for the, You can also purchase a single ticket for 30 euros. The territory of the temple is not as crowded with tourists as the Acropolis. The characterization as Saint George "Akamates" has been given a lot of explanations. A stone dyke, known as a roundel, was built around the circle some time between 1847 and 1866–7. Built just two years before the Parthenon, the Temple of Hephaestus (also spelled Hephaistos) is a beautifully preserved Greek temple overlooking the Agora of Athens. The Temple of Hephaestus is located in the Ancient Agora which was a site that was once a gathering place and marketplace for the people in ancient times. It has been 35 years since we were last there. He was cast off Mount Olympus by his mother because of his deformity or, in another account, by Zeus for protecting Hera from his advances. This temple is known to the world as the best-preserved ancient Greek temple. From 1834 to 1930’s Temple of Hephaestus was used as a museum. An incredible rendering of the Temple of Hephaestus captured by CyArk in 2015. This was based on the depictions of Theseus that occupy the metopes, but cult statues of Athena and Hephaestus (carved 421-15 BC) discovered in the temple have shown the designation to be incorrect. In ancient times, the temple of Hephaestus had a beautiful view of the Agora, due to its location on a small hill. Adding all kind of adjectives in the names of the churches, or the commemorated saints, is commonplace in Greek-orthodox tradition. Sounds like a place with such a rich history. The breakfast buffet was delicious with lots of variety. It was used as a burial place for non-Orthodox Europeans in the 19th century, among whom were many philhellenes who gave their lives in the cause of Greek War of Independence (1821–1830). The building is constructed of Pentelic marble and decorated with sculpture in Parian marble. Love seeing & hearing how a grand structure withstands both time & the changing uses people put it through! Pausanias described the temple in the 2nd century: In the 3rd century BC a small garden of pomegranate, myrtle, and laurel trees and shrubs was planted around the temple. The Temple of Hephaestus is a well-preserved Greek temple located at the north-west side of the Agora of Athens; it remains standing largely as built. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 30 Jun 2017. The Temple of Hephaestus is a well-preserved Greek temple located at the north-west side of the Agora of Athens; it remains standing largely as built. At the same time, for some unknown reason, it is less popular than the neighbouring Parthenon. The Agora is located southeast of the Acropolis on Adrianou Street. 25, 26, 27, 35, 500 — the stop you need is called Thessaloniki Isap Station. The architectural sculpture is in both Pentelic and Parian marble. It also divides into top 10 of each area. There were numerous potters' workshops and metal-working shops in the vicinity of the temple, as befits the temple's honoree. There are assumptions however that this possibly occurred in the 7th century. Temple of Hephaestus The building has a pronaos , a cella housing cult images at the centre of the structure, and an opisthodomos . Restoration and rebuilding occurred in the mid 1950’s and houses the Ancient Agora Museum. We've also got some ruins that we can explore, but these aren't always in the best of condition. It is a Doric peripteral temple, and is located at the north-west side of the Agora of Athens, on top of the Agoraios Kolonos hill. Web. I have one more post on Athens and then I’m going to post about my favorite places to eat in Athens so there will be food and drink there!! The western frieze was completed between 445–440 BC, while the eastern frieze, the western pediment and several changes in the building's interior are dated by these scholars to 435–430 BC, largely on stylistic grounds. In the pediments, the Birth of Athena (east) and the Return of Hephaistos to Olympos (west), and, as akroteria, the Nereids Thetis and Eurynome (west) accompanied by Nikai, the two ensembles are dated to ca. All rights reserved. Sacred Destinations is an independent editorial publication. Nice and shady on such a hot day. In the 7th century AD, the temple was turned into a church dedicated to Saint George Akamas. Located about 500 meters north-west of the famous Acropolis, The Temple of Hephaestus is the best-preserved Greek temple in the world, although it is far less known than its illustrious neighbor. The decorative sculptures highlight the extent of mixture of the two styles in the construction of the temple. As you rightly pointed out, there exist a very few structures built before Christ, which are standing intact till date. The temple was built around 449 BC. We know a lot about the first formal order of traditional Greek architecture because the Romans wrote about it.