Signing the Mayflower Compact 1620, a painting by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris 1899 (Wikipedia). American History » Mayflower Passengers: Not All Were There for Religious Reasons. Gorge Hurst (d. winter of 1620/1621 CE), the ship’s cook. Thomas Tinker (l. c. 1581 - winter of 1620/1621 CE) and his wife and son, all of whom died the first winter. Edward and Ann would not survive the first winter. He and his wife would have seven children in all once Elizabeth joined him in Plymouth, and many notable United States citizens claim the Warrens as ancestors, among them presidents Ulysses S. Grant and Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Richard Clarke (d. winter of 1620/1621 CE) seems to have traveled as a free man but nothing is known of him except his name. Benjamin Franklin: The Signers of the Declaration of Independence. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Some of these include: Ellen, Jasper, Richard, and Mary Moore, all aged between 8 and 4 years old, were sent away on the Mayflower by their legal (but likely not biological) father. The Speedwell was the English passenger ship which was supposed... John Alden (l. c. 1598-1687 CE) was a member of the crew of the... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. The Real Truth Behind Coats of Arms and Family Crests, Mayflower Passengers: Not All Were There for Religious Reasons, Connect with Ancestors and Share Family Stories (FamilySearch Tree App). The two men found their way back, but Goodman was crippled by frostbite after a night in the forest. Edward was one of the more prominent members of the Plymouth Colony and, along with Bradford, its chief chronicler and later governor. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Bradford’s Of Plymouth Plantation is considered a literary and historical classic, providing a first-hand account of the voyage of the Mayflower and establishment of the Plymouth Colony. William Bradford (l. 1590-1657 CE) and his wife Dorothy. The separatists were seeking a new home where they could worship freely without fear of the ongoing persecution of the Anglican Church under King James I of England (r. 1603-1625 CE) and contracted with the merchant-adventurer Thomas Weston (l. 1584 - c. 1647 CE) for a ship to take them to the New World. Today the Alden descendants, one of whom is the webmaster of this site, is the largest group of Mayflower descendants in the country. The stories of the “strangers” who came over on the Mayflower are just as fascinating as the stories of the Pilgrims with whom they traveled and lived. The so-called Strangers were recruited by Thomas Weston to help the colonists establish the community in the New World and turn a profit for the investors. John Crackston (also given as Craxton, l. c. 1575 - winter of 1620/1621 CE) and his son Jack. He would later marry his second wife, Barbara, who arrived in the colony in 1623 CE aboard the ship Anne. He was initially the governor of the passengers aboard the Speedwell and seems to have abused his power once aboard the Mayflower. He instigated mutiny, and was put on the next ship back to England, where he was almost hanged for the attempted insurrection. What are the Four Best Free Genealogy Websites? Bradford became the second governor of Plymouth Colony after the death of John Carver (although often, incorrectly, identified as the first) and its chronicler. He is among the most famous members of the Plymouth Colony, immortalized in the poem The Courtship of Miles Standish by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (l. 1807-1882 CE) which presents him as part of a love triangle with Pricilla Mullins and John Alden. Standish was the military advisor for the expedition who designed and built the first fort and is credited by Bradford as one of the healthy members of the expedition who cared for the sick during the winter of 1620/1621 CE. There were others only known by their names signed on the Mayflower Compact or by references made by Bradford or Winslow in their later accounts of the early days of the colony. Accounts of the early days of the colony written by separatists William Bradford (l. 1590-1657 CE) and Edward Winslow (l. 1595-1655 CE) of the Mayflower, as well as those written later, ensured Plymouth Colony an almost mythic status less than 100 years after its founding. What Were Your Ancestors Doing in the 1830s? Hopkins was the only member of the expedition with experience in the New World, having been shipwrecked in Bermuda in 1609 CE and then traveling to the fledgling Jamestown Colony of Virginia. Fuller and his wife died in the first winter; Samuel survived and became a prominent member of the community after he was raised by his uncle. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri.