On June 10, 1963, the Equal Pay Act was signed into law, mandating that men and women receive the same pay for the same work. How to drive the cause of women in leadership in your organisation, Diversity and Inclusion: the recipe for a perfectly made organisational cake. On average, women experience a wage loss of 4 percent for each child, a phenomenon known as the motherhood penalty. We could call this the 'Do they look like me?' We need to get better at talking about money. Another myth says the gender pay gap is inevitable as women choose lower-paid jobs because of fixed biological traits. But paying women less is inevitable, because there are inherent differences between men and women’s labour: the primary one being childcare. Bauer Media Group consists of: Bauer Consumer Media Ltd, Company number: 01176085, Bauer Radio Ltd, Company Number: 1394141, Registered Office: Media House, Peterborough Business Park, Lynch Wood, Peterborough, PE2 6EA H Bauer Publishing,Company Number: LP003328, Registered Office: Academic House, 24-28 Oval Road, London, NW1 7DT. Never mind the fact that in the UK, eligible partners are entitled, after the first two weeks from birth, to take the rest of the 52 weeks of leave (up to a maximum of 50 weeks) as Shared Parental Leave (SPL) or take the rest of the 39 weeks of pay (up to a maximum of 37 weeks) as Statutory Shared Parental Pay (ShPP). How the gender pay gap is calculated. Better workplaces for women. Coronavirus: What Does The Latest Tier System Mean For Weddings? Just as there are male-dominated fields, there are also female-dominated ones, and they’re most often “care-oriented fields” such as education, nursing, child care, and administrative work. They read the words as a signal of a male-dominated workplace, where they would not belong'. In what’s called the fatherhood bonus, a man experiences an average 6 percent wage increase for each child he has. When broken down by age, the ONS finds the gender pay gap for full-time employees between the ages of 18 and 39 years was close to zero, but began to widen for people over the age of 40. Required fields are marked *, Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. It’s also a reason women are more likely to switch to part-time or less stressful, low-paying jobs. Your email address will not be published. All registered in England and Wales. Also read: Here’s Why You Should Encourage Gender Equality in Your Company. A recent American study put the motherhood penalty—the average by which women's future wages fall—at 4% per child, and 10% for the highest-earning, most skilled white women [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4041155/]. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Shared parental leave (SPL) was introduced in 2015 but only 3.5% of eligible families chose it in 2018, according to research by telecoms company PowWowNow. According to her, "it's the ultimate tautology": we think 'our science environment is like this, so this must be good for science' even when that environment doesn't work for a huge swathe of people, most notably the the BME and female scientists. For example, care work and nursing – mostly dominated by women – is generally lower paid than other industries dominated by men, such as certain areas of construction and high-tech employment like software development. However, at the lower rungs of the career ladder, women were not promoted at the same rate as men, possibly because managers are reluctant to promote women who are starting families, or are likely to do so soon. Men also choose to have children but the impact on their careers is virtually non-existent. According to a study by Glassdoor, women are 16 percent less likely than men to negotiate their salary, and in total, about half of women have never negotiated their salary at all. T: 020 7250 7010 Women hold 94.8% of school midday and crossing patrol operations, yet still, earn 3% less than men. Who among us hasn't worked somewhere where the men all play football together? science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM) workforce, Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC). As any woman who has worked under a male head of department, watched her male colleagues flourish as their partners stay home to look after their children, had a male colleague take credit for her own work, found herself sitting in front of an all-male recruitment panel or watched agog as men are congratulated for their performance on the golf course or football pitch by a shoulder-squeezing boss will know, the culture that creates and nurtures a gender pay gap is far more pernicious, subtle and difficult to rail against than simply numbers on a pay slip. The #PayMeToo movement is a great starting point to give you ideas on how. The Gender Pay Gap, like a fatberg, is made up of many different unsavoury factors.The wet wipes, congealed oil and earbuds that come together to block the career progression and financial security of women in work are manifold; misogyny, the price of child care, recruitment, homosocial work culture, graduate schemes, maternity leave, the awarding of bonuses, the character of low paid work, social conditioning, squeamishness and bad old fashioned bias. Here are five reasons the gender pay gap exists, according to research. In banking and finance, bonus gaps of more than 60% were not uncommon. The roots of the gender pay gap can be traced all the way back to when women first took paid work. Yet, 55 years later, … Little girls, as any trip to a toy shop or nursery will show you, are still pointed towards soft toys, cooking, dolls and princess shit. All rights reserved. So why are W3 forms being submitted from companies and organizations all over the US showing higher earnings overall for men than women? It was long said that women didn't get promoted simply because they didn't put themselves up for promotion. Women need to take maternity leave after giving birth, and our country’s policies do little to meet that need. When we see people working in laboratories, in space, with robots, with coding and at universities that look like us, we want to do it. No wonder, when the time comes for someone to look after the soft and helpless it's women who step up to the breach. I have been more comfortable asking colleagues about their bowel movements, sex lives, scars and dysfunctional families than what they earn. The type of work that women were typically allowed or encouraged to do was lower paid. but very noticeably at work nonetheless. Equal pay isn’t quite the same as the gender pay gap – equal pay is literally paying men and women doing the same job equal amounts of money. In 2013, Rutgers University found that men who requested family leave were at a greater risk for penalties such as decreased salary, demotion, being passed over for a promotion, or being fired. Employers have to be held to account.”. Read more:Why More Women Should Work Blue-Collar Jobs. • This article was amended on 5 April 2019.