[175] According to a 2020 report by the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, since 2017, Chinese authorities have destroyed or damaged 16,000 mosques in Xinjiang – 65% of the region's total. A decline in Xinjiang's population growth in 2018 is a result of the full implementation of the family planning policy, the economic and social development as well as the change of fertility ideas of people of all ethnic groups, said the research. Self-segregation within the city is widespread, in terms of residential concentration, employment relationships, and a social norm of endogamy. [70][71] The region claimed by the ETR in theory encompassed Kashgar, Khotan and Aqsu prefectures in southwestern Xinjiang. "Uighur population growth has been viewed with suspicion. [21][22], The general region of Xinjiang (IPA: [ɕínt͡ɕjɑ́ŋ]) has been known by many different names in earlier times, in indigenous languages as well as other languages. The Uygur population in northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region rose by 2.55 million to 12.72 million in the eight years from 2010 … Being the largest province-level division of China and the 8th-largest country subdivision in the world, Xinjiang spans over 1.6 million km2 (640,000 square miles), and has about 25 million inhabitants.[1][10]. [75] The modern Uyghur people experienced ethnogenesis especially from 1955, when the PRC officially recognized that ethnic category – in opposition to the Han – of formerly separately self-identified oasis peoples. The Qing dynasty waged war against the Dzungars for decades until finally defeating them; afterwards, Qing Manchu Bannermen carried out the Dzungar genocide, nearly wiping them from existence and depopulating Dzungaria. See also the … A couple takes pictures with their baby on the Tiananmen Gate in Beijing, China, November 2, 2015. And this phenomenon is definitely not due to those causes alleged, groundlessly, by Western governments and scholars. [citation needed], In 1955, Xinjiang Province was renamed "Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region". sfnp error: no target: CITEREFWeinstein2013 (. The Qing dynasty was well aware of the differences between the former Buddhist Mongol area to the north of the Tian Shan and the Turkic Muslim area south of the Tian Shan and ruled them in separate administrative units at first. However, on 12 July, a group of 37 countries submitted a similar letter in defense of China's policies: Algeria, Angola, Bahrain, Belarus, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Comoros, Congo, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Gabon, Kuwait, Laos, Myanmar, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Togo, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe. In the same manner, present-day Xinjiang was known as Xiyu Xinjiang (Chinese: 西域新疆; lit. Zenz found that population growth in Xinjiang counties predominantly home to ethnic minorities fell below the average growth in primarily Han majority counties between 2017 and … It is given to particular nationalities." [190] The separatist movement is led by ethnically Uyghur Muslim underground organizations, most notably the East Turkestan independence movement and the Salafist Turkistan Islamic Party, against the Chinese government. As early as the mid-first millennium BC, the Yuezhi engaged in the jade trade, of which the major consumers were the rulers of agricultural China."[40]. Obviously, the percentage alleged by Zenz is far from the real data, the survey said. Zenz also lied by stating that, in 2018, at least 80 percent of the new IUD insertion procedures in China were performed in Xinjiang. The Hami–Lop Nur Railway connects Hami with potassium salt mines in and around Lop Nur. 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